The RealReal Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results

Published

Q4 and FY 2023 Net Loss Improved Year-Over-Year by $17 million and $28 million, respectivelyQ4 2023 Adjusted EBITDA of positive $1.4 million, improving $22 million year-over-yearDebt Exchange Transactions Entered into with Certain Holders of Convertible Senior Notes due 2025 and 2028

SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 29, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The RealReal (Nasdaq: REAL)—the world’s largest online marketplace for authenticated, resale luxury goods—today reported financial results for its fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023. Fourth quarter 2023 Net Loss was $22 million, compared to $39 million in the fourth quarter of 2022. Fourth quarter 2023 Adjusted EBITDA was positive $1.4 million, a $22 million improvement compared to the fourth quarter of 2022. Full year 2023 Net Loss was $168 million, compared to $196 million for full year 2022. Full year 2023 Adjusted EBITDA was $(55) million, compared to $(112) million for full year 2022.

“In the fourth quarter of 2023, The RealReal delivered positive Adjusted EBITDA and positive free cash flow. These are historic milestones and firsts for the company since our IPO in 2019. Our strategic shift to re-focus on the consignment business is delivering strong progress in our results. We refined our growth model with a focus on profitable supply and in the process we significantly improved our margin structure. We intend to carry forward this improved margin structure as we reaccelerate growth going forward,” said John Koryl, Chief Executive Officer of The RealReal.

The RealReal also announced it entered into private, separately negotiated debt exchange transactions with certain holders of $145,751,000 in aggregate principal amount of its 3.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2025 and $6,480,000 in aggregate principal amount of its 1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2028, pursuant to which such holders exchanged their existing convertible notes for (a) $135,000,000 in aggregate principal amount of new 4.25%/8.75% PIK/Cash Senior Secured Notes due 2029, (b) warrants to purchase up to 7,894,737 shares (subject to adjustment in accordance with their terms) of the Company’s common stock, $0.00001 par value per share, at a strike price equal to $1.71, which was the closing price of the Company’s common stock on February 28, 2024 and (c) accrued and unpaid interest. As a result of the debt exchange transactions, the Company reduced its total indebtedness by more than $17 million and extended a significant portion of its 2025 maturities.

Moelis & Company LLC served as financial advisor and Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz served as legal counsel to The RealReal in connection with the exchange transactions.

“The exchange transactions completed today are another significant step forward for The RealReal, creating substantial runway and capital structure flexibility for us to execute on our strategic vision,” Koryl continued. “We believe our strong brand recognition coupled with our growing technology and data capabilities position us to deliver profitable growth in 2024.”

Fourth Quarter Financial Highlights

  • GMV was $451 million, a decrease of 9% compared to the same period in 2022
  • Total Revenue was $143 million, a decrease of 10% compared to the same period in 2022
  • Net Loss was $22 million or (15.1)% of total revenue, compared to $39 million or (24.2%) of total revenue in the fourth quarter of 2022
  • Adjusted EBITDA was $1.4 million or 1.0% of total revenue, compared to $(20.2) million or (12.6)% of total revenue in the fourth quarter of 2022
  • GAAP basic and diluted net loss per share was $(0.21) compared to $(0.39) in the prior year period
  • Non-GAAP basic and diluted net loss per share was $(0.07) compared to $(0.29) in the prior year period
  • Top-line-related Metrics
    • Trailing 12-months active buyers reached 922,000, a decrease of 8% compared to the same period in 2022
    • Orders reached 826,000, a decrease of 17% compared to the same period in 2022
    • Average order value (AOV) was $545, an increase of 10% compared to the same period in 2022
    • Higher AOV was driven by a 13% increase in average selling prices

Full Year 2023 Financial Highlights

  • GMV was $1.73 billion, a decrease of 5% compared to full year 2022
  • Total Revenue was $549 million, a decrease of 9% compared to full year 2022
  • Net Loss was $168 million or (30.7)% of total revenue, compared to $196 million or (32.5%) of total revenue for full year 2022
  • Adjusted EBITDA was $(55.2) million or (10.0)% of total revenue compared to $(112.4) million or (18.6)% of total revenue for full year 2022
  • GAAP basic and diluted net loss per share was $(1.65) compared to $(2.05) in the prior year
  • Non-GAAP basic and diluted net loss per share was $(0.87) compared to $(1.53) in the prior year
  • At the end of 2023, cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash totaled $191 million

Q1 and Full Year 2024 GuidanceBased on market conditions as of February 29, 2024, we are providing guidance for GMV, total revenue and Adjusted EBITDA, which is a non-GAAP financial measure.

We have not reconciled forward-looking Adjusted EBITDA to net income (loss), the most directly comparable GAAP measure, because we cannot predict with reasonable certainty the ultimate outcome of certain components of such reconciliations, including payroll tax expense on employee stock transactions, that are not within our control, or other components that may arise, without unreasonable effort. For these reasons, we are unable to assess the probable significance of the unavailable information, which could materially impact the amount of future net income (loss).

 Q1 2024Full Year 2024
GMV$415 - $445 million$1.80 - $1.88 billion
Total Revenue$135 - $145 million$580 - $605 million
Adjusted EBITDA$(8) - $(4) million$(8) - $8 million

Webcast and Conference CallThe RealReal will post a stockholder letter on its investor relations website at investor.therealreal.com/financial-information/quarterly-results and host a conference call at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time) to answer questions regarding its fourth quarter and full year 2023 results. Investors and analysts can access the call via the following link: https://register.vevent.com/register/BI3644a7479aa04644b48e497e14e46fec. The call will also be available via live webcast at investor.therealreal.com along with the stockholder letter and supporting slides.

An archive of the webcast conference call will be available shortly after the call ends at investor.therealreal.com.

About The RealReal, Inc.

The RealReal is the world’s largest online marketplace for authenticated, resale luxury goods, with more than 35 million members. With a rigorous authentication process overseen by experts, The RealReal provides a safe and reliable platform for consumers to buy and sell their luxury items. We have hundreds of in-house gemologists, horologists and brand authenticators who inspect thousands of items each day. As a sustainable company, we give new life to pieces by thousands of brands across numerous categories—including women's and men's fashion, fine jewelry and watches, art and home—in support of the circular economy. We make selling effortless with free virtual appointments, in-home pickup, drop-off and direct shipping. We handle all of the work for consignors, including authenticating, using AI and machine learning to determine optimal pricing, photographing and listing their items, as well as shipping and customer service.

Investors:Caitlin HoweSenior Vice President, FinanceIR@therealreal.com 

Media:Laura HogyaHead of Communicationspr@therealreal.com 

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements relating to, among other things, the future performance of The RealReal that are based on the company's current expectations, forecasts and assumptions and involve risks and uncertainties. In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “expect,” “plan,” anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “predict,” “intend,” “potential,” “continue,” “ongoing” or the negative of these terms or other comparable terminology. These statements include, but are not limited to, statements about future operating and financial results, including our strategies, plans, commitments, objectives and goals, in particular in the context of the recent geopolitical events, including the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and the Israel-Hamas war, and uncertainty surrounding macroeconomic trends; the debt exchange; financial guidance, anticipated growth in 2024 and long-range financial projections. Actual results could differ materially from those predicted or implied and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. Other factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, inflation, macroeconomic uncertainty, geopolitical instability, any failure to generate a supply of consigned goods, pricing pressure on the consignment market resulting from discounting in the market for new goods, failure to efficiently and effectively operate our merchandising and fulfillment operations, labor shortages and other reasons.

More information about factors that could affect the company's operating results is included under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the company's most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 and subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, copies of which may be obtained by visiting the company's Investor Relations website at https://investor.therealreal.com or the SEC's website at www.sec.gov. Undue reliance should not be placed on the forward-looking statements in this press release, which are based on information available to the company on the date hereof. The company assumes no obligation to update such statements.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our unaudited and condensed financial statements presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP"), this earnings release and the accompanying tables and the related earnings conference call contain certain non-GAAP financial measures, including Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA as a percentage of total revenue ("Adjusted EBITDA Margin"), free cash flow, non-GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders, and non-GAAP net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted. We have provided a reconciliation of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures in this earnings release.

We do not, nor do we suggest that investors should, consider such non-GAAP financial measures in isolation from, or as a substitute for, financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. Investors should also note that non-GAAP financial measures we use may not be the same non-GAAP financial measures, and may not be calculated in the same manner, as that of other companies, including other companies in our industry.

Adjusted EBITDA is a key performance measure that our management uses to assess our operating performance. Because Adjusted EBITDA facilitates internal comparisons of our historical operating performance on a more consistent basis, we use this measure as an overall assessment of our performance, to evaluate the effectiveness of our business strategies and for business planning purposes. Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled metrics of other companies.

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA as net loss before interest income, interest expense, other (income) expense net, provision (benefit) for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, further adjusted to exclude stock-based compensation, employer payroll tax on employee stock transactions, and certain one-time expenses. The employer payroll tax expense related to employee stock transactions are tied to the vesting or exercise of underlying equity awards and the price of our common stock at the time of vesting, which may vary from period to period independent of the operating performance of our business. Adjusted EBITDA has certain limitations as the measure excludes the impact of certain expenses that are included in our statements of operations that are necessary to run our business and should not be considered as an alternative to net loss or any other measure of financial performance calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP.

In particular, the exclusion of certain expenses in calculating Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin facilitates operating performance comparisons on a period-to-period basis and, in the case of exclusion of the impact of stock-based compensation and the related employer payroll tax on employee stock transactions, excludes an item that we do not consider to be indicative of our core operating performance. Investors should, however, understand that stock-based compensation and the related employer payroll tax will be a significant recurring expense in our business and an important part of the compensation provided to our employees. Accordingly, we believe that Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin provide useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management and board of directors.

Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that is calculated as net cash (used in) provided by operating activities less net cash used to purchase property and equipment and capitalized proprietary software development costs. We believe free cash flow is an important indicator of our business performance, as it measures the amount of cash we generate. Accordingly, we believe that free cash flow provides useful information to investors and others in understanding and evaluating our operating results in the same manner as our management.

Non-GAAP net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted is a non-GAAP financial measure that is calculated as GAAP net loss plus stock-based compensation expense, provision (benefit) for income taxes, employer payroll tax on employee stock transactions and non-recurring items divided by weighted average shares outstanding. We believe that adding back stock-based compensation expense, employer payroll tax on employee stock transactions, provision (benefit) for income taxes, and non-recurring items as adjustments to our GAAP net loss, before calculating per share amounts for all periods presented provides a more meaningful comparison between our operating results from period to period.

THE REALREAL, INC.Statements of Operations(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 (Unaudited)    
 Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Revenue:       
Consignment revenue$113,500  $110,199  $415,572  $384,979 
Direct revenue 15,964   33,252   79,160   158,726 
Shipping services revenue 13,909   16,204   54,572   59,788 
Total revenue 143,373   159,655   549,304   603,493 
Cost of revenue:       
Cost of consignment revenue 14,439   13,770   58,120   56,963 
Cost of direct revenue 13,181   36,246   74,343   141,661 
Cost of shipping services revenue 9,704   13,029   40,563   56,178 
Total cost of revenue 37,324   63,045   173,026   254,802 
Gross profit 106,049   96,610   376,278   348,691 
Operating expenses:       
Marketing 13,815   14,533   58,275   62,988 
Operations and technology 62,396   71,469   257,041   278,628 
Selling, general and administrative 44,594   47,932   182,453   194,886 
Restructuring charges 6,066   621   43,462   896 
Legal settlement 240      1,340   456 
Total operating expenses(1) 127,111   134,555   542,571   537,854 
Loss from operations (21,062)  (37,945)  (166,293)  (189,163)
Interest income 2,088   1,831   8,805   3,191 
Interest expense (2,683)  (2,458)  (10,701)  (10,472)
Other income (expense), net    38      171 
Loss before provision for income taxes (21,657)  (38,534)  (168,189)  (196,273)
Provision for income taxes 36   76   283   172 
Net loss attributable to common stockholders$(21,693) $(38,610) $(168,472) $(196,445)
Net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted$(0.21) $(0.39) $(1.65) $(2.05)
Weighted average shares used to compute net loss per share attributable to common stockholders, basic and diluted 103,937,199   98,546,282   101,806,000   95,921,246 
        
(1) Includes stock-based compensation as follows:       
Marketing$370  $435  $1,550  $2,209 
Operations and technology 2,426   3,919   12,534   19,822 
Selling, general and administrative 5,184   4,764   20,189   24,107 
Total$7,980  $9,118  $34,273  $46,138 
                

THE REALREAL, INC.Balance Sheets(In thousands, except share and per share data)

 December 312023 December 312022
Assets   
Current assets   
Cash and cash equivalents$175,709  $293,793 
Accounts receivable 17,226   12,207 
Inventory, net 22,246   42,967 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 20,766   23,291 
Total current assets 235,947   372,258 
Property and equipment, net 104,087   112,679 
Operating lease right-of-use assets 86,348   127,955 
Restricted cash 14,914    
Other assets 5,627   2,749 
Total assets$446,923  $615,641 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity (Deficit)   
Current liabilities   
Accounts payable$8,961  $11,902 
Accrued consignor payable 77,122   81,543 
Operating lease liabilities, current portion 20,094   20,776 
Other accrued and current liabilities 82,685   93,292 
Total current liabilities 188,862   207,513 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion 104,856   125,118 
Convertible senior notes, net 452,421   449,848 
Other noncurrent liabilities 4,083   3,254 
Total liabilities 750,222   785,733 
Stockholders’ deficit:   
Common stock, $0.00001 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022; 104,670,500 and 99,088,172 shares issued and outstanding as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively 1   1 
Additional paid-in capital 816,325   781,060 
Accumulated deficit (1,119,625)  (951,153)
Total stockholders’ deficit (303,299)  (170,092)
Total liabilities and stockholders’ deficit$446,923  $615,641 
        

THE REALREAL, INC.Statements of Cash Flows(In thousands)

 Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022 
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net loss$(168,472) $(196,445)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash used in operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization 31,695   27,669 
Stock-based compensation expense 34,273   46,138 
Reduction of operating lease right-of-use assets 16,746   19,602 
Bad debt expense 1,962   1,680 
Loss on disposal of property and equipment and impairment of capitalized proprietary software 223   702 
Accretion of debt discounts and issuance costs 2,573   2,368 
Property, plant, equipment and right-of-use asset impairments 39,739    
Provision for inventory write-downs and shrinkage 9,783   4,077 
Gain on lease termination (738)   
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:   
   Accounts receivable (6,981)  (6,120)
   Inventory, net 10,938   23,971 
   Prepaid expenses and other current assets 2,001   (2,952)
   Other assets (3,050)  (409)
   Operating lease liability (26,478)  (17,764)
   Accounts payable (425)  4,947 
   Accrued consignor payable (4,421)  10,501 
   Other accrued and current liabilities (464)  (9,823)
   Other noncurrent liabilities (172)  301 
         Net cash used in operating activities (61,268)  (91,557)
Cash flow from investing activities:   
Capitalized proprietary software development costs (12,951)  (14,061)
Purchases of property and equipment (29,177)  (22,861)
Net cash used in investing activities (42,128)  (36,922)
Cash flow from financing activities:   
Proceeds from exercise of stock options 19   2,906 
Proceeds from issuance of stock in connection with the Employee Stock Purchase Program 886   1,400 
Taxes paid related to restricted stock vesting (679)  (205)
Net cash provided by financing activities 226   4,101 
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash (103,170)  (124,378)
Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash   
Beginning of period 293,793   418,171 
End of period$190,623  $293,793 
        

The following table reflects the reconciliation of net loss to Adjusted EBITDA for each of the periods indicated (in thousands):

 Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Adjusted EBITDA Reconciliation:       
Net loss$(21,693) $(38,610) $(168,472) $(196,445)
Net loss (% of revenue) 15.1%  24.2%  30.7%  32.6%
Depreciation and amortization 8,165   7,414   31,695   27,669 
Interest income (2,088)  (1,831)  (8,805)  (3,191)
Interest expense 2,683   2,458   10,701   10,472 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes 36   76   283   172 
EBITDA (12,897)  (30,493)  (134,598)  (161,323)
Stock-based compensation (1) 7,980   9,118   34,273   46,138 
CEO separation benefits (2)    46      948 
CEO transition costs (3)    533   159   1,551 
Payroll tax expense on employee stock transactions  53   39   195   451 
Legal fees reimbursement benefit (4)          (1,400)
Legal settlements (5) 240      1,340   456 
Restructuring charges (6) 6,066   621   43,462   896 
Other (income) expense, net    (38)     (171)
Adjusted EBITDA$1,442  $(20,174) $(55,169) $(112,454)
Adjusted EBITDA (% of revenue) 1.0%  12.6%  10.0%  18.6%

(1) The stock-based compensation expense for the year ended December 31, 2022 includes a one-time charge of $1.0 million related to the modification of certain equity awards pursuant to the terms of the transition and separation agreement entered into with our founder, Julie Wainwright, in connection with her resignation as Chief Executive Officer ("CEO") on June 6, 2022 (the "Separation Agreement").

(2) The CEO separation benefit charges for the year ended December 31, 2022 consist of base salary, bonus and benefits for the 2022 fiscal year, as well as an additional twelve months of base salary and benefits payable to Julie Wainwright pursuant to the Separation Agreement.

(3) The CEO transition charges for the year ended December 31, 2022 consist of general and administrative fees, including legal and recruiting expenses, as well as retention bonuses for certain executives incurred in connection with our founder's resignation on June 6, 2022. The CEO transition charges for the year ended December 31, 2023 consists of retention bonuses for certain executives incurred in connection with our founder's resignation in 2022.

(4) During the year ended December 31, 2022, we received insurance reimbursement of $1.4 million related to a legal settlement expense.

(5) The legal settlement charges for the year ended December 31, 2023 reflect legal settlement expenses arising from the settlement of two former employees’ individual claims and California Private Attorney General Actions initiated against the Company on behalf of such former employees and those similarly situated.

(6) Restructuring for the year ended December 31, 2023 consists of impairment of right-of-use assets and property and equipment, employee severance charges, gain on lease terminations, and other charges, including legal and transportation expenses. Restructuring for the year ended December 31, 2022 consists of employee severance payments and benefits.

A reconciliation of GAAP net loss to non-GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders, the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure, in order to calculate non-GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders per share, basic and diluted, is as follows (in thousands, except share and per share data):

 Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net loss$(21,693) $(38,610) $(168,472) $(196,445)
Stock-based compensation 7,980   9,118   34,273   46,138 
CEO separation benefits    46      948 
CEO transition costs    533   159   1,551 
Payroll tax expense on employee stock transactions 53   39   195   451 
Legal fees reimbursement benefit          (1,400)
Legal settlement 240      1,340   456 
Restructuring charges 6,066   621   43,462   896 
Provision for income taxes 36   76   283   172 
Non-GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders$(7,318) $(28,177) $(88,760) $(147,233)
Weighted-average common shares outstanding used to calculate Non-GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders per share, basic and diluted 103,937,199   98,546,282   101,806,000   95,921,246 
Non-GAAP net loss attributable to common stockholders per share, basic and diluted$(0.07) $(0.29) $(0.87) $(1.53)
                

The following table presents a reconciliation of net cash used in operating activities to free cash flow for each of the periods indicated (in thousands):

 Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities$10,523  $3,698  $(61,268) $(91,557)
Purchase of property and equipment and capitalized proprietary software development costs (6,730)  (10,667)  (42,128)  (36,922)
Free cash flow$3,793  $(6,969) $(103,396) $(128,479)
                

Key Financial and Operating Metrics:

 Three Months Ended
 December 31,2021 March 31,2022 June 30,2022 September 30,2022 December 31,2022 March 31,2023 June 30,2023 September 30,2023 December 31,2023
 (In thousands, except AOV and percentages)
GMV$437,179  $428,206  $454,163  $440,659  $492,955  $444,366  $423,341  $407,608  $450,668 
NMV$318,265  $310,511  $332,508  $325,105  $367,382  $327,805  $303,918  $302,912  $335,245 
Consignment Revenue$86,508  $83,989  $96,917  $93,874  $110,199  $102,643  $96,577  $102,852  $113,500 
Direct Revenue$45,262  $48,823  $42,646  $34,005  $33,252  $24,953  $20,887  $17,356  $15,964 
Shipping Services Revenue$13,355  $13,888  $14,872  $14,824  $16,204  $14,308  $13,391  $12,964  $13,909 
Number of Orders 861   878   934   952   993   891   789   794   826 
Take Rate 35.0%  35.7%  36.1%  36.0%  35.7%  37.4%  36.7%  38.1%  37.7%
Active Buyers 797   828   889   950   998   1,014   985   954   922 
AOV$508  $487  $486  $463  $496  $499  $537  $513  $545 

 

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Source: The RealReal

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