Kelly Reports Third-Quarter 2023 Earnings, Continued Progress on Business Transformation

Published
  • Q3 operating earnings were break-even, or up 60% to $15.5 million on an adjusted basis
  • Q3 revenue down 4.3%; down 5.8% in constant currency
  • Q3 adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 2.3% compared to 1.6% in the prior year driven by meaningful reduction in operating expenses resulting from business transformation initiative
  • Company expects sale of European staffing operations and near-term outcome from growth initiatives to drive further expansion of adjusted EBITDA margin

TROY, Mich., Nov. 9, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Kelly (Nasdaq: KELYA, KELYB), a leading global specialty talent solutions provider, today announced results for the third quarter of 2023.

(PRNewsfoto/Kelly Services, Inc.)

Peter Quigley, president and chief executive officer, announced revenue for the third quarter of 2023 totaled $1.1 billion, a 4.3% decrease, or 5.8% decrease in constant currency, compared to the corresponding quarter of 2022. Year-over-year revenue trends were impacted by customers' more guarded approach to hiring and initiating new projects or capital spending, partially offset by favorable currency impacts.

"In the third quarter, persistent macroeconomic uncertainty continued to temper demand for temporary and permanent staffing services," said Quigley. "As expected, results in SET and P&I reflected these challenges, while our Education segment and more resilient outcome-based solutions in P&I once again delivered year-over-year growth. We continued to focus on what we can control in this challenging operating environment, driving significant progress in the execution of our transformation initiatives – the benefits of which are evident in our operating results."

Kelly reported break-even operating earnings in the third quarter of 2023 compared to a loss of $21.4 million reported in the third quarter of 2022. Earnings in the third quarter of 2023 include $15.4 million of transformation-related charges. Excluding the transformation-related charges, adjusted earnings from operations were $15.5 million. Loss from operations in the third quarter of 2022 included a $30.7 million goodwill impairment charge and adjusted earnings were $9.5 million. Adjusted earnings improved 60% year-over-year primarily as a result of lower operating expenses due to our ongoing transformation initiatives.

Earnings per share in the third quarter of 2023 were $0.18 compared to a loss per share of $0.43 in the third quarter of 2022. Included in the earnings per share in the third quarter of 2023 is a $0.32 loss per share related to transformation-related charges, net of tax. Included in the third quarter of 2022 was a $0.67 loss per share, net of tax, from a goodwill impairment charge. On an adjusted basis, earnings per share were $0.50 in the third quarter of 2023, double the $0.25 earnings per share in the corresponding quarter of 2022.

Quigley went on to provide an update on the company's business transformation initiative.

"Following the implementation of strategic restructuring activities at the outset of the third quarter, we remained focused on sustaining these structural improvements across the enterprise. We also made progress on several initiatives that are positioning Kelly to accelerate profitable growth over the long term. With the efficiency phase of our transformation on-track, our growth initiatives delivering encouraging early results, and the sale of our European staffing business poised to benefit both of these efforts, we remain committed to driving continued improvement of our adjusted EBITDA margin and maximizing value creation."

In the fourth quarter of 2023, Kelly expects to achieve an adjusted EBITDA margin in the range of 2.8% to 3.0%, reflecting the impact of market conditions that are more challenging than anticipated. Assuming the benefit of a full year of its transformation-related savings, the sale of its European staffing business and current top-line trends, the company would expect to reach a normalized, adjusted EBITDA margin in the range of 3.3 to 3.5%.

Kelly also reported that on November 7, its board of directors declared a dividend of $0.075 per share. The dividend is payable on December 6, 2023, to shareholders of record as of the close of business on November 22, 2023.

In conjunction with its third-quarter earnings release, Kelly has published a financial presentation on the Investor Relations page of its public website and will host a conference call at 9 a.m. ET on November 9 to review the results and answer questions. The call may be accessed in one of the following ways:

Via the Internet:Kellyservices.com

Via the Telephone(877) 692-8955 (toll free) or (234) 720-6979 (caller paid)Enter access code 5728672After the prompt, please enter "#"

A recording of the conference call will be available after 2:30 p.m. ET on November 9, 2023, at (866) 207-1041 (toll-free) and (402) 970-0847 (caller-paid). The access code is 7027637#. The recording will also be available at kellyservices.com during this period.

This release contains statements that are forward looking in nature and, accordingly, are subject to risks and uncertainties. These statements are made under the "safe harbor" provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about Kelly's financial expectations, are forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in this release include, but are not limited to, (i) changing market and economic conditions, (ii) disruption in the labor market and weakened demand for human capital resulting from technological advances, loss of large corporate customers and government contractor requirements, (iii) the impact of laws and regulations (including federal, state and international tax laws), (iv) unexpected changes in claim trends on workers' compensation, unemployment, disability and medical benefit plans, (v) litigation and other legal liabilities (including tax liabilities) in excess of our estimates, (vi) our ability to achieve our business's anticipated growth strategies, (vii) our future business development, results of operations and financial condition, (viii) damage to our brands, (ix) dependency on third parties for the execution of critical functions, (x) conducting business in foreign countries, including foreign currency fluctuations, (xi) availability of temporary workers with appropriate skills required by customers, (xii) cyberattacks or other breaches of network or information technology security, and (xiii) other risks, uncertainties and factors discussed in this release and in the Company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by words or phrases such as "may," "will," "expect," "anticipate," "target," "aim," "estimate," "intend," "plan," "believe," "potential," "continue," "is/are likely to" or other similar expressions. All information provided in this press release is as of the date of this press release and we undertake no duty to update any forward-looking statement to conform the statement to actual results or changes in the Company's expectations.

About Kelly®

Kelly Services, Inc. (Nasdaq: KELYA, KELYB) helps companies recruit and manage skilled workers and helps job seekers find great work. Since inventing the staffing industry in 1946, we have become experts in the many industries and local and global markets we serve. With a network of suppliers and partners around the world, we connect more than 450,000 people with work every year. Our suite of outsourcing and consulting services ensures companies have the people they need, when and where they are needed most. Headquartered in Troy, Michigan, we empower businesses and individuals to access limitless opportunities in industries such as science, engineering, technology, education, manufacturing, retail, finance, and energy. Revenue in 2022 was $5.0 billion. Learn more at kellyservices.com.

KLYA-FIN

 

MEDIA CONTACT:

ANALYST CONTACT:

Jane Stehney

Scott Thomas

(248) 765-6864

(248) 251-7264

stehnja@kellyservices.com

scott.thomas@kellyservices.com

 

KELLY SERVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

FOR THE 13 WEEKS ENDED OCTOBER 1, 2023 AND OCTOBER 2, 2022

(UNAUDITED)

(In millions of dollars except per share data)

%

CC %

2023

2022

Change

Change

Change

Revenue from services

$

1,118.0

$

1,167.9

$

(49.9)

(4.3)

%

(5.8)

%

Cost of services

889.5

927.3

(37.8)

(4.1)

Gross profit

228.5

240.6

(12.1)

(5.1)

(6.3)

Selling, general and administrative expenses

228.4

231.1

(2.7)

(1.2)

(2.4)

Goodwill impairment charge

30.7

(30.7)

NM

Loss on disposal

0.2

(0.2)

NM

Earnings (loss) from operations

0.1

(21.4)

21.5

NM

Other income (expense), net

1.6

0.2

1.4

NM

Earnings (loss) before taxes

1.7

(21.2)

22.9

NM

Income tax expense (benefit)

(4.9)

(5.0)

0.1

0.1

Net earnings (loss)

$

6.6

$

(16.2)

$

22.8

NM

Basic earnings (loss) per share

$

0.18

$

(0.43)

$

0.61

NM

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

$

0.18

$

(0.43)

$

0.61

NM

STATISTICS:

Permanent placement revenue (included in revenue from services)

$

14.6

$

19.8

$

(5.2)

(26.3)

%

(28.5)

%

Gross profit rate

20.4

%

20.6

%

(0.2)

pts.

Conversion rate

0.0

%

(8.9)

%

8.9

pts.

Adjusted EBITDA

$

25.5

$

19.1

$

6.4

Adjusted EBITDA margin

2.3

%

1.6

%

0.7

pts.

Effective income tax rate

(299.3)

%

23.4

%

(322.7)

pts.

Average number of shares outstanding (millions):

     Basic

35.4

37.9

     Diluted

35.8

37.9

 

KELLY SERVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

FOR THE 39 WEEKS ENDED OCTOBER 1, 2023 AND OCTOBER 2, 2022

(UNAUDITED)

(In millions of dollars except per share data)

%

CC %

2023

2022

Change

Change

Change

Revenue from services

$

3,603.5

$

3,731.6

$

(128.1)

(3.4)

%

(3.8)

%

Cost of services

2,880.3

2,970.0

(89.7)

(3.0)

Gross profit

723.2

761.6

(38.4)

(5.0)

(5.2)

Selling, general and administrative expenses

703.8

707.3

(3.5)

(0.5)

(0.8)

Asset impairment charge

2.4

2.4

NM

Goodwill impairment charge

30.7

(30.7)

NM

Loss on disposal

18.7

(18.7)

NM

Gain on sale of assets

(5.3)

5.3

NM

Earnings from operations

17.0

10.2

6.8

67.0

Loss on investment in Persol Holdings

(67.2)

67.2

NM

Loss on currency translation from liquidation of subsidiary(1)

(20.4)

20.4

NM

Other income (expense), net

3.0

1.9

1.1

55.9

Earnings (loss) before taxes and equity in net earnings of affiliate

20.0

(75.5)

95.5

NM

Income tax expense (benefit)

(5.0)

(13.1)

8.1

61.8

Net earnings (loss) before equity in net earnings of affiliate

25.0

(62.4)

87.4

NM

Equity in net earnings of affiliate

0.8

(0.8)

NM

Net earnings (loss)

$

25.0

$

(61.6)

$

86.6

NM

Basic earnings (loss) per share

$

0.68

$

(1.62)

$

2.30

NM

Diluted earnings (loss) per share

$

0.67

$

(1.62)

$

2.29

NM

STATISTICS:

Permanent placement revenue (included in revenue from services)

$

47.8

$

71.2

$

(23.4)

(32.9)

%

(33.3)

%

Gross profit rate

20.1

%

20.4

%

(0.3)

pts.

Conversion rate

2.4

%

1.3

%

1.1

pts.

Adjusted EBITDA

$

76.9

$

81.5

$

(4.6)

Adjusted EBITDA margin

2.1

%

2.2

%

(0.1)

pts.

Effective income tax rate

(25.1)

%

17.4

%

(42.5)

pts.

Average number of shares outstanding (millions):

     Basic

36.2

38.2

     Diluted

36.5

38.2

(1) Subsequent to the sale of the Persol Holdings investment, the Company commenced the dissolution process of the Kelly Services Japan subsidiary, which was considered substantially liquidated as of the first quarter-end 2022, resulting in the recognition of the $20.4 million loss on currency translation from liquidation of this subsidiary in the first quarter of 2022.

 

KELLY SERVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS BY SEGMENT

(UNAUDITED)

(In millions of dollars)

Third Quarter

%

CC %

2023

2022

Change

Change

Professional & Industrial

Revenue from services

$

364.5

$

408.6

(10.8)

%

(10.5)

%

Gross profit

65.5

70.3

(6.9)

(6.5)

SG&A expenses excluding restructuring charges

53.7

65.3

(17.7)

(17.6)

Restructuring charges

4.0

NM

NM

Total SG&A expenses

57.7

65.3

(11.6)

(11.4)

Earnings from operations

7.8

5.0

54.2

Earnings from operations excluding restructuring charges

11.8

5.0

133.7

Gross profit rate

17.9

%

17.2

%

0.7

 pts.

Science, Engineering & Technology

Revenue from services

$

295.7

$

321.3

(8.0)

%

(8.0)

%

Gross profit

68.0

76.3

(10.8)

(10.9)

Total SG&A expenses

47.8

53.4

(10.4)

(10.5)

Earnings from operations

20.2

22.9

(11.7)

Gross profit rate

23.0

%

23.7

%

(0.7)

 pts.

Education

Revenue from services

$

128.1

$

104.3

22.9

%

22.9

%

Gross profit

19.8

16.6

19.2

19.2

Total SG&A expenses

22.4

21.4

5.0

5.0

Earnings (loss) from operations

(2.6)

(4.8)

44.8

Gross profit rate

15.5

%

15.9

%

(0.4)

 pts.

Outsourcing & Consulting

Revenue from services

$

114.1

$

118.5

(3.8)

%

(4.0)

%

Gross profit

41.5

44.1

(6.0)

(6.7)

SG&A expenses excluding restructuring charges

37.2

37.7

(1.5)

(2.4)

Restructuring charges

1.8

NM

NM

Total SG&A expenses

39.0

37.7

3.3

2.2

Goodwill impairment charge

30.7

NM

Earnings (loss) from operations

2.5

(24.3)

NM

Earnings (loss) from operations excluding restructuring charges

4.3

(24.3)

NM

Gross profit rate

36.4

%

37.2

%

(0.8)

pts.

International

Revenue from services

$

220.6

$

215.5

2.4

%

(6.2)

%

Gross profit

33.7

33.3

1.0

(7.6)

Total SG&A expenses

31.2

31.4

(0.7)

(8.7)

Earnings from operations

2.5

1.9

27.5

Gross profit rate

15.3

%

15.5

%

(0.2)

pts.

 

KELLY SERVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS BY SEGMENT

(UNAUDITED)

(In millions of dollars)

September Year to Date

%

CC %

2023

2022

Change

Change

Professional & Industrial

Revenue from services

$

1,131.3

$

1,268.7

(10.8)

%

(10.4)

%

Gross profit

200.4

231.2

(13.3)

(12.8)

SG&A expenses excluding restructuring charges

176.5

203.8

(13.4)

(13.1)

Restructuring charges

7.3

0.3

NM

NM

Total SG&A expenses

183.8

204.1

(9.9)

(9.6)

Asset impairment charge

0.3

NM

Earnings from operations

16.3

27.1

(40.4)

Earnings from operations excluding restructuring charges

23.6

27.4

(14.4)

Gross profit rate

17.7

%

18.2

%

(0.5)

 pts.

Science, Engineering & Technology

Revenue from services

$

903.5

$

962.7

(6.2)

%

(6.1)

%

Gross profit

207.4

225.3

(7.9)

(7.9)

Total SG&A expenses

150.6

161.4

(6.7)

(6.7)

Asset impairment charge

0.1

NM

Earnings from operations

56.7

63.9

(11.2)

Gross profit rate

23.0

%

23.4

%

(0.4)

 pts.

Education

Revenue from services

$

583.9

$

433.2

34.8

%

34.8

%

Gross profit

91.6

69.2

32.4

32.4

Total SG&A expenses

69.3

60.4

14.8

14.8

Earnings from operations

22.3

8.8

152.7

Gross profit rate

15.7

%

16.0

%

(0.3)

 pts.

Outsourcing & Consulting

Revenue from services

$

342.4

$

352.0

(2.7)

%

(2.3)

%

Gross profit

124.4

127.6

(2.5)

(2.0)

SG&A expenses excluding restructuring charges

114.9

111.7

2.8

2.7

Restructuring charges

2.3

0.1

NM

NM

Total SG&A expenses

117.2

111.8

4.7

4.6

Asset impairment charge

2.0

NM

Goodwill impairment charge

30.7

NM

Earnings from operations

5.2

(14.9)

NM

Earnings from operations excluding restructuring charges

7.5

(14.8)

NM

Gross profit rate

36.3

%

36.3

%

pts.

International

Revenue from services

$

657.5

$

715.9

(8.2)

%

(11.2)

%

Gross profit

99.4

108.3

(8.2)

(11.1)

Total SG&A expenses

96.2

99.2

(3.0)

(5.8)

Earnings from operations

3.2

9.1

(64.9)

Gross profit rate

15.1

%

15.1

%

pts.

 

KELLY SERVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(UNAUDITED)

(In millions of dollars)

October 1, 2023

January 1, 2023

October 2, 2022

Current Assets

  Cash and equivalents

$

117.2

$

153.7

$

122.4

  Trade accounts receivable, less allowances of

    $11.1, $11.2, and $12.1, respectively

1,388.2

1,491.6

1,519.9

  Prepaid expenses and other current assets

86.1

69.9

83.1

Assets held for sale

4.7

Total current assets

1,591.5

1,715.2

1,730.1

Noncurrent Assets

  Property and equipment, net

28.8

27.8

24.9

  Operating lease right-of-use assets

59.9

66.8

67.3

  Deferred taxes

315.3

299.7

300.7

  Goodwill, net

151.1

151.1

161.4

  Other assets

403.4

403.2

397.5

Total noncurrent assets

958.5

948.6

951.8

Total Assets

$

2,550.0

$

2,663.8

$

2,681.9

Current Liabilities

  Short-term borrowings

$

$

0.7

$

0.1

  Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

647.5

723.3

735.2

  Operating lease liabilities

13.2

14.7

14.4

  Accrued payroll and related taxes

287.8

315.8

321.4

  Accrued workers' compensation and other claims

22.8

22.9

24.4

  Income and other taxes

54.0

51.4

47.5

Total current liabilities

1,025.3

1,128.8

1,143.0

Noncurrent Liabilities

  Operating lease liabilities

51.5

55.0

55.6

  Accrued workers' compensation and other claims

40.5

40.7

43.4

  Accrued retirement benefits

185.6

174.1

172.7

  Other long-term liabilities

11.4

11.0

14.5

Total noncurrent liabilities

289.0

280.8

286.2

Stockholders' Equity

  Common stock

38.5

38.5

38.5

  Treasury stock

(57.4)

(20.1)

(12.4)

  Paid-in capital

29.3

28.0

26.6

  Earnings invested in the business

1,233.0

1,216.3

1,220.1

  Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

(7.7)

(8.5)

(20.1)

Total stockholders' equity

1,235.7

1,254.2

1,252.7

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

$

2,550.0

$

2,663.8

$

2,681.9

STATISTICS:

 Working Capital

$

566.2

$

586.4

$

587.1

 Current Ratio

1.6

1.5

1.5

 Debt-to-capital %

0.0

%

0.1

%

0.0

%

 Global Days Sales Outstanding

63

61

64

 Year-to-Date Free Cash Flow

$

21.0

$

(88.3)

$

(117.3)

 

KELLY SERVICES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

FOR THE 39 WEEKS ENDED OCTOBER 1, 2023 AND OCTOBER 2, 2022

(UNAUDITED)

(In millions of dollars)

2023

2022

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net earnings (loss)

$

25.0

$

(61.6)

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings (loss) to net cash from operating activities:

Asset impairment charge

2.4

Goodwill impairment charge

30.7

Deferred income taxes on goodwill impairment charge

(5.3)

Loss on disposal

18.7

Depreciation and amortization

25.6

24.7

Operating lease asset amortization

12.4

14.2

Provision for credit losses and sales allowances

1.4

1.7

Stock-based compensation

7.9

5.9

Gain on sale of equity securities

(2.0)

Loss on investment in Persol Holdings

67.2

Loss on currency translation from liquidation of subsidiary

20.4

Gain on foreign currency remeasurement

(5.5)

Gain on sale of assets

(5.3)

Equity in net earnings of PersolKelly Asia Pacific

(0.8)

Other, net

0.5

3.5

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisition

(39.8)

(220.2)

Net cash from (used in) operating activities

33.4

(111.7)

Cash flows from investing activities:

Capital expenditures

(12.4)

(5.6)

Proceeds from sale of assets

4.5

Acquisition of company, net of cash received

(143.1)

Cash disposed from sale of Russia, net of proceeds

(6.0)

Proceeds from company-owned life insurance

1.5

Proceeds from sale of Persol Holdings investment

196.9

Proceeds from sale of equity method investment

119.5

Proceeds from equity securities

2.0

Other investing activities

(0.4)

Net cash (used in) from investing activities

(10.8)

167.7

Cash flows from financing activities:

Net change in short-term borrowings

(0.7)

0.2

Financing lease payments

(1.0)

(1.2)

Dividend payments

(8.3)

(7.7)

Payments of tax withholding for stock awards

(1.7)

(0.9)

Buyback of common shares

(42.2)

(27.2)

Contingent consideration payments

(2.5)

(0.7)

Other financing activities

(0.2)

0.1

Net cash used in financing activities

(56.6)

(37.4)

Effect of exchange rates on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(1.9)

(7.4)

Net change in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(35.9)

11.2

Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash at beginning of period

162.4

119.5