Karat Packaging Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Financial Results

Published

Record Full Year Gross Margin and Net Income as Business Continues to Expand

CHINO, Calif., March 14, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Karat Packaging Inc. (Nasdaq: KRT) (“Karat” or the “Company”), a specialty distributor and manufacturer of environmentally friendly, disposable foodservice products and related items, today announced financial results for its fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023.

Fourth Quarter 2023 Highlights

  • Fourth quarter 2023 financial results included:
    • Change of estimate on import duty reserve totaling $2.3 million, an increase to cost of goods sold.
    • Write-off of $1.1 million of a vendor prepayment upon the resolution of a legal contingency, an increase to general and administrative expenses.
    • Out-of-period tax adjustment of $0.3 million, an increase to provision for income taxes.
    • Misclassification adjustments for the full year amounts within the income statement with no impact on net income:
      • Adjustment of $6.4 million online sales platform fees, an increase to net sales, offset by the same increase to selling expenses.
      • Adjustment of $3.9 million of certain production expenses out of general and administrative expenses into cost of goods sold.
    • The prior period financial results were not adjusted due to the immaterial impact on the overall financial statements.
  • Net sales of $95.6 million, including the adjustment of $6.4 million online sales platform fees, versus $92.7 million in the prior-year quarter, up 3.1 percent in amount and 7.3 percent in volume.
  • Gross profit of $34.1 million, including the favorable impact totaling $0.2 million from the import duty reserve and the adjustments, up 14.9 percent from the prior-year quarter.
  • Gross margin of 35.7 percent, including the negative impact totaling 240 basis points from the import duty reserve and adjustments, versus 32.0 percent in the prior-year quarter.
  • Net income of $4.2 million, including the negative impact totaling $2.9 million from the import duty reserve, vendor prepayment write-off, and tax adjustment, versus $4.5 million in the prior-year quarter.
  • Net income margin of 4.4 percent, including the negative impact totaling 350 basis points from the import duty reserve, vendor prepayment write-off, tax adjustment and the adjustments, versus 4.9 percent in the prior-year quarter.
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $8.6 million, including the negative impact totaling $2.3 million from the import duty reserve, versus $9.9 million in the prior-year quarter.
  • Adjusted EBITDA margin of 9.0 percent, including the negative impact totaling 330 basis points from the import duty reserve and the adjustments, versus 10.7 percent in the prior-year quarter.

Guidance

  • Net sales for the 2024 first quarter expected to increase low to mid-single digit from the prior-year quarter.
  • Gross margin goal for the 2024 first quarter: 37 to 39 percent versus 39.8 percent for 2023 first quarter.
  • Net sales for full year 2024 expected to increase 8 to 15 percent from the prior year.
  • Gross margin goal for full year 2024: 35 to 38 percent assuming no significant increases in ocean freight rates.

“Sales volume again grew 7.3 percent for the 2023 fourth quarter over the prior-year quarter. However, revenue was impacted principally by year-over-year pricing comparisons and start-up delays into 2024 by several new national and regional chain accounts,” said Alan Yu, Chief Executive Officer. “During the fourth quarter, we continued to scale back U.S. manufacturing, which further enhanced gross margin to a near record high of 35.7 percent.

“Sales of our eco-friendly products grew 11 percent for the quarter and comprised 33 percent of total net sales, which exceeded our expectations. We continue to develop new and innovative eco-friendly products to meet increasing demand and expand our customer base.

“As part of our growth plan, we recently signed a new lease for a distribution center in Arizona, which is expected to be fully operational early in the second quarter. Together with our salesforce expansion, we can further penetrate key U.S. markets in the South, Midwest, and Pacific Northwest regions. We also are implementing automation and AI technologies to enhance operation and distribution productivity.

“With Karat’s strong operating cash flow and balance sheet, our board of directors in February authorized another increase in the quarterly cash dividend payment to $0.30 per share, from the previous quarterly dividend of $0.20 per share,” Yu added.

Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial Results

Net sales for the 2023 fourth quarter increased 3.1 percent to $95.6 million, from $92.7 million in the prior-year quarter. The year-over-year increase included the impact of $6.4 million from the adjustment of online sales platform fees and volume growth of 7.3 percent, partially offset by unfavorable year-over-year pricing comparison, as the Company passed on savings from ocean freight and raw material costs to customers.

Cost of goods sold for the 2023 fourth quarter was $61.5 million, which included an additional import duty reserve of $2.3 million and the adjustment of $3.9 million of certain production expenses from general and administrative expenses, compared with $63.0 million in the prior-year quarter, which included an out-of-period inventory write-off of $1.7 million. Despite the larger unfavorable discrete items in the 2023 fourth quarter, gross profit increased 14.9 percent to $34.1 million, from $29.7 million in the prior-year quarter.

Gross margin expanded 370 basis points to 35.7 percent in the 2023 fourth quarter, from 32.0 percent in the same quarter last year primarily as a result of our continued scale back of manufacturing operations in favor of imports and improved operating efficiencies.

Operating expenses in the 2023 fourth quarter were $29.5 million, or 30.8 percent of net sales, compared with $24.9 million, or 26.8 percent of net sales, in the prior-year quarter. Operating expenses in the 2023 fourth quarter included a negative impact totaling $3.6 million from the vendor prepayment write-off and the adjustments noted above. Additionally, the year-over-year increase in operating expense was primarily driven by higher labor costs and rent and warehouse expense from workforce expansion and additional leased warehouses partially offset by a decrease in shipping and transportation costs and stock-compensation expense.

Net income for the 2023 fourth quarter was $4.2 million, compared with $4.5 million in the prior-year quarter. Net income margin was 4.4 percent in the 2023 fourth quarter, compared with 4.9 percent in the prior-year quarter.

Net income attributable to Karat for the 2023 fourth quarter was $3.9 million, or $0.19 per diluted share, compared with $4.5 million, or $0.23 per diluted share, in the prior-year quarter.

Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure defined below, was $8.6 million in the 2023 fourth quarter, compared with $9.9 million in the prior-year quarter. Adjusted EBITDA margin, a non-GAAP measure defined below, was 9.0 percent of net sales, compared with 10.7 percent in the prior-year quarter.

Adjusted diluted earnings per common share, a non-GAAP measure defined below, was $0.24 per share in the 2023 fourth quarter, compared with $0.30 per share in the prior-year quarter.

2023 Full Year Results

Net sales for the year ended December 31, 2023, decreased 4.1 percent to $405.7 million, from $423.0 million in the prior year. The year-over-year decrease was primarily driven by unfavorable pricing comparison and lower logistics services and shipping revenue partially offset by the positive impact of $6.4 million from the adjustment of online sales platform fees and volume growth of 3.7 percent.

Cost of goods sold for the year ended December 31, 2023, was $252.6 million, which included an additional import duty charge of $3.9 million, an inventory write-off of $1.7 million in connection with scaling back production, and the adjustment of $3.9 million of certain production expenses from general and administrative expenses, compared with $290.9 million in the prior year, which included an out-of-period inventory write-off of $0.9 million. Despite the larger unfavorable discrete items in 2023, gross profit increased 15.9% to $153.0 million, from $132.1 million a year ago.

Gross margin for the year ended December 31, 2023, increased to 37.7 percent, from 31.2 percent for the prior year. Gross margin benefited from lower total ocean freight and import costs, the Company’s initiative to scale back manufacturing operations in favor of imports and the strong U.S. dollar.

Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023, were $111.0 million, or 27.4 percent of net sales, compared with $102.1 million, or 24.1 percent of net sales, for the prior year. Operating expenses for the year ended December 31, 2023 included a negative impact totaling $2.5 million from the additional import duty charge and the adjustments. Additionally, the year-over-year increase was primarily due to increases in labor, rent, warehouse, and utility expenses from workforce expansion and additional leased warehouses, marketing expense as we grow our e-commerce channel, and impairment expense and loss, net, primarily related to disposal of machinery as we scaled back production. Such increases were partially offset by a decrease in shipping and transportation costs, stock-compensation expense and bad debt expense.

Net income for the year ended December 31, 2023, increased 28.4 percent to $33.2 million, from $25.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. Net income margin increased to 8.2 percent in 2023, compared with 6.1 percent in the prior year.

Net income attributable to Karat was $32.5 million, or $1.63 per diluted share, for the full 2023 year, compared with $23.6 million, or $1.19 per diluted share, in the prior year.

Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure defined below, increased to $59.1 million for the full 2023 year, compared with $45.6 million in the prior year. Adjusted EBITDA margin, a non-GAAP measure defined below, increased to 14.6 percent in 2023, compared with 10.8 percent in 2022.

Adjusted diluted earnings per common share, a non-GAAP measure defined below, rose to $1.83 per share in 2023, from $1.30 per share in the prior year.

Investor Conference CallThe Company will host an investor conference call today, March 14, 2024, at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time) to discuss its 2023 fourth quarter and full year results.

Phone:877-418-4045 (domestic); 412-317-6745 (international)
Conference ID:Karat Packaging Inc.
Webcast:Accessible at http://irkarat.com/; archive available for approximately one year
  

About Karat Packaging Inc.Karat Packaging Inc. is a specialty distributor and manufacturer of a wide range of disposable foodservice products and related items, primarily used by national and regional restaurants and in foodservice settings throughout the United States. Its products include food and take-out containers, bags, tableware, cups, lids, cutlery, straws, specialty beverage ingredients, equipment, gloves and other products. The company’s eco-friendly Karat Earth® line offers quality, sustainably focused products that are made from renewable resources. Karat Packaging also offers customized solutions, including new product development and design, printing, and logistics services. To learn more about Karat Packaging, please visit the company’s website at www.karatpackaging.com.

Caution Concerning Forward-Looking StatementsStatements made in this release that are not statements of historical or current facts are “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. We caution readers that forward-looking statements are predictions based on our current expectations about future events. These forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, achieving our financial guidance, are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Our actual results, performance, or achievements could differ materially from those expressed or implied by the forward-looking statements as a result of a number of factors, including the risks discussed under the heading “Risk Factors” discussed under the caption “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in Part I of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and any updates discussed under the caption “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in Part II of our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and in our other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Company undertakes no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise that occur after that date, except as required by law.

Investor Relations and Media Contacts:PondelWilkinson Inc.Judy Lin or Roger Pondel310-279-5980ir@karatpackaging.com

 

KARAT PACKAGING INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESCONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME(In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
 (Unaudited) (Unaudited) (Unaudited)  
Net sales$95,582  $92,667  $405,651  $422,957 
Cost of goods sold 61,488   63,002   252,608   290,871 
Gross profit 34,094   29,665   153,043   132,086 
Operating expenses       
Selling expense 15,990   7,626   41,490   35,844 
General and administrative expenses (including $729 and $876 associated with variable interest entity for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $2,749 and $2,775 associated with variable interest entity for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 13,185   17,226   66,952   66,259 
Impairment expense and loss (gain), net, on disposal of machinery 294   1   2,525   (32)
Total operating expenses 29,469   24,853   110,967   102,071 
Operating income 4,625   4,812   42,076   30,015 
Other income (expense)       
Rental income (including $260 and $234 associated with variable interest entity for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $981 and $949 associated with variable interest entity for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 309   234   1,090   949 
Other income (expense) 13   7   (45)  (228)
(Loss) gain on foreign currency transactions (247)  216   103   1,568 
Interest income (including $328 and $10 associated with variable interest entity for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $606 and $2,171 associated with variable interest entity for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 763   65   1,803   2,226 
Interest expense (including $520 and $441 associated with variable interest entity for the three months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and $2,019 and $1,821 associated with variable interest entity for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) (527)  (440)  (2,043)  (2,017)
Total other income, net 311   82   908   2,498 
Income before provision for income taxes 4,936   4,894   42,984   32,513 
Provision for income taxes 759   353   9,804   6,676 
Net income 4,177   4,541   33,180   25,837 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest 279      710   2,189 
Net income attributable to Karat Packaging Inc.$3,898  $4,541  $32,470  $23,648 
Basic and diluted earnings per share:       
Basic$0.20  $0.23  $1.63  $1.19 
Diluted$0.19  $0.23  $1.63  $1.19 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, basic 19,953,525   19,872,681   19,904,698   19,824,911 
Weighted average common shares outstanding, diluted 20,021,314   19,936,954   19,977,712   19,925,905 

KARAT PACKAGING INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESCONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (In thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 December 31, 2023 December 31, 2022
 (Unaudited)  
Assets   
Current assets   
Cash and cash equivalents (including $13,566 and $2,022 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively)$23,076  $16,041 
Short-term investments 26,343    
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for bad debt of $392 and $1,260 at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively (including $0 and $6 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 27,763   29,912 
Inventories 71,528   71,206 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (including $82 and $191 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 6,219   6,641 
Total current assets 154,929   123,800 
Property and equipment, net (including $44,185 and $45,399 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 95,226   95,568 
Deposits 1,047   12,413 
Goodwill 3,510   3,510 
Intangible assets, net 327   353 
Operating right-of-use assets 20,739   15,713 
Other assets (including $53 and $38 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 619   818 
Total assets$276,397  $252,175 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity   
Current liabilities   
Accounts payable (including $63 and $2 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively)$18,446  $18,559 
Accrued expenses (including $591 and $625 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 10,576   9,005 
Related party payable 5,306   4,940 
Customer deposits (including $116 and $165 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 951   1,281 
Long-term debt, current portion (including $1,122 and $957 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 1,122   957 
Operating lease liabilities, current portion 4,800   4,511 
Other payables (including $1,302 and $0 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 3,200    
Total current liabilities 44,401   39,253 
 December 31, 2023 December 31, 2022
 (Unaudited)  
Deferred tax liability 4,197   5,156 
Long-term debt, net of current portion and debt discount of $203 and $216 at December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively (including $48,396 and $41,558 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively, and debt discount of $203 and $216 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 48,396   41,558 
Operating lease liabilities, net of current portion 16,687   11,623 
Other liabilities (including $0 and $1,302 associated with variable interest entity at December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 26   2,652 
Total liabilities 113,707   100,242 
    
Karat Packaging Inc. stockholders’ equity   
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding, as of December 31, 2023 and 2022     
Common stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 19,988,482 and 19,965,482 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, as of December 31, 2023 and 19,908,005 and 19,885,005 shares issued and outstanding, respectively, as of December 31, 2022 20   20 
Additional paid in capital 86,667   85,792 
Treasury stock, $0.001 par value, 23,000 shares as of both December 31, 2023 and 2022 (248)  (248)
Retained earnings 67,679   56,118 
Total Karat Packaging Inc. stockholders’ equity 154,118   141,682 
Noncontrolling interest 8,572   10,251 
Total stockholders’ equity 162,690   151,933 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$276,397  $252,175 

KARAT PACKAGING, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESCONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS(In thousands)
 
 Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022 
 (Unaudited)  
Cash flows from operating activities   
Net income$33,180  $25,837 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization (including $1,214 associated with variable interest entity for both the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022) 10,783   10,405 
Adjustments to allowance for bad debt (711)  1,010 
Adjustments to inventory reserve (399)  6 
Write-off of inventory 3,897   3,470 
Impairment of deposits 549   465 
Write-off of vendor prepayment 1,124    
Loss (gain), net, on disposal of machinery and equipment 2,002   (32)
Change in fair value of interest rate swap (including $0 and $2,159 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively)    (2,159)
Amortization of loan fees (including $57 and $40 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 81   40 
Accrued interest on certificates of deposit (155)   
Stock-based compensation 770   2,047 
Amortization of operating right-of-use assets 4,969   3,822 
Deferred income taxes (959)  (478)
(Increase) decrease in operating assets   
Accounts receivable (including $6 and $18 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 2,860   1,854 
Inventories (3,820)  (16,210)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets (including $109 and $75 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) (466)  (1,514)
Other assets (including $14 and $27 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 1,439   (36)
Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities   
Accounts payable (including $60 and $495 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 696   89 
Accrued expenses (including $34 and $402 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 1,571   1,571 
Related party payable 366   2,937 
Income taxes payable    (85)
Customer deposits (including $49 and $77 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) (330)  66 
Operating lease liability (4,642)  (3,780)
Other liabilities (including $0 and $1 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 574   149 
Net cash provided by operating activities$53,379  $29,474 
Cash flows from investing activities   
Purchases of property and equipment (2,835)  (2,657)
Proceeds on disposal of property and equipment 841   77 
Payments for costs incurred from sale of machinery and equipment (186)   
Deposits paid for joint venture investment (2,900)  (5,876)
Deposits refunded from joint venture investment 6,900   1,876 
Deposits refunded from cancelled machinery orders 503    
Deposits paid for property and equipment (6,309)  (12,090)
Proceeds from settlement of interest rate swap (including $0 and $825 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively)    825 
Purchase of short-term investments (including $8,000 and $0 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) (49,188)   
Redemption of short-term investments (including $8,000 and $0 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 23,000    
Net cash used in investing activities$(30,174) $(17,845)
Cash flows from financing activities   
Proceeds from line of credit    21,100 
Payments on line of credit    (21,100)
Proceeds from long-term debt (including $8,000 and $27,477 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) 8,000   27,477 
Payments for lender fees (61)   
Payments on long-term debt (including $1,010 and $21,572 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) (1,010)  (21,572)
Tax withholding on vesting of restricted stock units (18)   
Proceeds from exercise of common stock options 123   51 
Dividends paid to shareholders (20,909)  (6,964)
Distributions to shareholders, net of tax withholding (including $2,295 and $0 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively) (2,295)   
Payments of noncontrolling interest tax withholding (including $0 and $1,063 associated with variable interest entity for the year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, respectively)    (1,063)
Net cash used in financing activities$(16,170) $(2,071)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents 7,035   9,558 
Cash and cash equivalents   
Beginning of year$16,041  $6,483 
End of year$23,076  $16,041 
Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing and financing activities:   
Transfers from deposit to property and equipment$10,463  $9,859 
Non-cash purchases of property and equipment$148  $196 
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:   
Cash paid for income tax$11,765  $8,303 
Cash paid for interest$1,996  $1,978 

KARAT PACKAGING INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESRECONCILIATION OF GAAP TO NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
 
Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin:Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023  2022   2023   2022 
 Amounts% of Net SalesAmounts% of Net Sales Amounts% of Net SalesAmounts% of Net Sales
Net income:$4,177  4.4%$4,541  4.9% $33,180  8.2%$25,837  6.1%
Add (deduct):         
Interest income (763) (0.8) (65) (0.1)  (1,803) (0.4) (2,226) (0.5)
Interest expense 527  0.5  440  0.5   2,043  0.5  2,017  0.5 
Provision for income taxes 759  0.8  353  0.4   9,804  2.4  6,676  1.6 
Depreciation and amortization 2,725  2.9  2,653  2.9   10,783  2.7  10,405  2.4 
Stock-based compensation expense 27    273  0.3   770  0.2  2,047  0.5 
Out-of-period adjustment (3) 1,124  1.2  1,675  1.8       879  0.2 
Secondary offering transaction costs (2)          453  0.1     
Write-off of inventory (1)          1,710  0.4     
Impairment expenses and (gain) loss, net, on disposal of machinery (1) (3)        2,132  0.5     
Adjusted EBITDA$8,573  9.0%$9,870  10.7% $59,072  14.6%$45,635  10.8%

(1) The write-off of inventory and impairment expense and (gain) loss, net, on disposal of machinery represent costs incurred in connection with the scaling back of production in the U.S. As part of the execution of this strategy, certain machinery and equipment was disposed of or impaired, and raw materials associated with those machinery and equipment were written-off.

(2) Secondary offering transaction costs represent legal and professional fees incurred in connection with the completion of the secondary offering, which were directly related to the offering and were incremental to our normal operating expenses.

(3) The out-of-period adjustment for the three months ended December 31, 2023 represented a write-off of a vendor prepayment due to the resolution of a legal contingency, which management believes was not representative of our underlying operating performance. The adjustment was to correct an immaterial error in its previously issued quarterly financial statements for the quarter ended September 30, 2023. Although the full year financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2023 are not affected, the impact of the adjustment for the quarter ended December 31, 2023 was a decrease to other assets and an increase in general and administrative expenses of $1.1 million.

The out-of-period adjustment for the year ended December 31, 2022 represented an inventory write-off recorded during the year 2022, which management believes was not representative of our underlying operating performance. The adjustment was to correct immaterial errors in the accounting for certain inventory items in our previously issued quarterly and annual financial statements. The impact of the inventory write-off was an increase to cost of goods sold of $1.7 million and $0.9 million for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2022, respectively.

Reconciliation of Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common ShareThree Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
Diluted earnings per common share:$0.19  $0.23  $1.63  $1.19 
Add (deduct):       
Stock-based compensation expense    0.01   0.04   0.10 
Out-of-period adjustment 0.06   0.08      0.04 
Secondary offering transaction costs       0.02    
Write-off of inventory       0.09    
Impairment expense and loss, net, on disposal of machinery       0.11    
Tax impact (0.01)  (0.02)  (0.06)  (0.03)
Adjusted diluted earnings per common shares$0.24  $0.30  $1.83  $1.30 

Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA by Entity:Three Months Ended December 31, 2023 Year Ended December 31, 2023
 KaratPackagingGlobal WellsEliminationsConsolidated KaratPackagingGlobal WellsEliminationsConsolidated
Net income (loss):$3,972 $321 $(116)$4,177  $32,544 $820 $(184)$33,180 
Add:         
Interest income (435) (328)   (763)  (1,197) (623) 17  (1,803)
Interest expense 7  520    527   41  2,019  (17) 2,043 
Provision for income taxes 759      759   9,804      9,804 
Depreciation and amortization 2,421  304    2,725   9,569  1,214    10,783 
Out-of-period adjustment (3) 1,124      1,124          
Stock-based compensation expense 27      27   770      770 
Secondary offering transaction costs (2)          453      453 
Write-off of inventory (1)          1,710      1,710 
Impairment expense and (gain) loss, net, on disposal of machinery (1) (3)     (3)  2,132      2,132 
Adjusted EBITDA$7,872 $817 $(116)$8,573  $55,826 $3,430 $(184)$59,072 

(1) The write-off of inventory and impairment expense and (gain) loss, net, on disposal of machinery represent costs incurred in connection with the scaling back of production in the U.S. As part of the execution of this strategy, certain machinery and equipment was disposed of or impaired, and raw materials associated with those machinery and equipment were written-off.

(2) Secondary offering transaction costs represent legal and professional fees incurred in connection with the completion of the secondary offering, which were directly related to the offering and were incremental to our normal operating expenses.

(3) The out-of-period adjustment represented a write-off of a vendor prepayment due to the resolution of a legal contingency, which management believes was not representative of our underlying operating performance. The adjustment was to correct an immaterial error in its previously issued quarterly financial statements for the quarter ended September 30, 2023. Although the full year financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2023 are not affected, the impact of the adjustment for the quarter ended December 31, 2023 was a decrease to other assets, and an increase in general and administrative expenses of $1.1 million.

Reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA by Entity:Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 Year Ended December 31, 2022
 KaratPackagingGlobal WellsEliminationsConsolidated KaratPackagingGlobal WellsEliminationsConsolidated
Net income (loss):$4,552 $ $(11)$4,541  $23,648 $2,531 $(342)$25,837 
Add (deduct)         
Interest income (56) (71) 62  (65)  (56) (2,300) 130  (2,226)
Interest expense 61  441  (62) 440   326  1,821  (130) 2,017 
Provision for income taxes 353      353   6,676      6,676 
Depreciation and amortization 2,348  305    2,653   9,190  1,215    10,405 
Stock-based compensation expense 273      273   2,047      2,047 
Out-of-period adjustment (1) 1,675      1,675   879      879 
Adjusted EBITDA$9,206 $675 $(11)$9,870  $42,710 $3,267 $(342)$45,635 

(1) The out-of-period adjustment represented an inventory write-off recorded during the year ended December 31, 2022, which management believes was not representative of our underlying operating performance. The adjustment was to correct immaterial errors in the accounting for certain inventory items in our previously issued quarterly and annual financial statements. The impact of the inventory write-off was an increase to cost of goods sold of $1.7 million and $0.9 million for the three and twelve months ended December 31, 2022, respectively.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Karat utilizes certain financial measures and key performance indicators that are not defined by, or calculated in accordance with, GAAP to assess our financial and operating performance. A non-GAAP financial measure is defined as a numerical measure of a company’s financial performance that (i) excludes amounts, or is subject to adjustments that have the effect of excluding amounts, that are included in the comparable measure calculated and presented in accordance with GAAP in the statement of operations; or (ii) includes amounts, or is subject to adjustments that have the effect of including amounts, that are excluded from the comparable GAAP measure so calculated and presented. The following non-GAAP measures are presented in this press release:

  • Adjusted EBITDA is calculated as net income before interest income and interest expense, provision for income taxes, depreciation and amortization, stock-based compensation expense, secondary offering transaction costs, write-off of certain inventory items outside the normal course of business, impairment expense and (gain) loss, net, on disposal of machinery outside the normal course of business, and out-of-period adjustment.
  • Adjusted EBITDA margin is calculated by dividing Adjusted EBITDA by net sales.
  • Adjusted diluted earnings per common share is calculated as diluted earnings per common share, plus the per share impact of stock-based compensation, secondary offering transaction costs, write-off of certain inventory items outside the normal course of business, impairment expense and (gain) loss, net, on disposal of machinery outside the normal course of business, out-of-period adjustment, and adjusted for the related tax effects of these adjustments.

We believe the above-mentioned non-GAAP measures, which are used by management to assess the core performance of Karat, provide useful information and additional clarity of our operating results to our investors in their own evaluation of the core performance of Karat and facilitate a comparison of such performance from period to period. These are not measurements of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and should not be considered in isolation or construed as substitutes for net income or other cash flow data prepared in accordance with GAAP for purposes of analyzing our profitability or liquidity. These measures should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, revenue, net income, earnings per share, cash flows or other measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, these non-GAAP financial measures may not provide information that is directly comparable to that provided by other companies, as other companies may calculate such financial results differently.

KARAT PACKAGING INC. AND SUBSIDIARIESNET SALES BY CATEGORY (UNAUDITED)(In thousands)
 
 Three Months Ended December 31, Year Ended December 31,
  2023   2022   2023   2022 
 (in thousands)
National and regional chains$21,053  $21,843  $89,655  $95,786 
Distributors 50,041   53,207   228,316   242,285 
Online 17,846   10,613   61,265   53,697 
Retail 6,642   7,004   26,415   31,189 
 $95,582  $92,667  $405,651  $422,957 

 

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Source: Karat Packaging Inc.

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