ITW Reports First Quarter 2024 Results

Published
  • Revenue of $4.0 billion, organic growth declined (0.6)% as expected
  • Operating income of $1.13 billion, an increase of 16% includes $117 million benefit from a one-time LIFO accounting change (“item”); ex-item, operating income was $1.01 billion, an increase of 4%
  • Operating margin of 28.4%, an increase of 420 bps; 25.4% ex-item, an increase of 120 bps as enterprise initiatives contributed 140 bps
  • GAAP EPS of $2.73, an increase of 17%; EPS of $2.44 ex-item, an increase of 5%
  • Reaffirming full-year organic growth guidance of 1 to 3% and raising full-year GAAP EPS guidance by $0.30 to a range of $10.30 to $10.70 per share

GLENVIEW, Ill., April 30, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Illinois Tool Works Inc. (NYSE: ITW) today reported its first quarter 2024 results and raised guidance for full-year 2024.

“While the near-term demand environment across the majority of our segments was challenging as expected, the ITW team delivered a solid start to the year as operating income grew four percent, operating margin expanded 120 basis points to 25.4 percent, and EPS increased five percent to $2.44, excluding a one-time item,” said Christopher A. O’Herlihy, President and Chief Executive Officer. “Looking ahead, we expect current levels of demand across our end markets and favorable year-over-year comparisons will translate to positive organic growth through the balance of the year. Combined with our strong margin and profitability performance, I am confident that ITW is on track and well positioned to deliver on our 2024 performance targets including positive organic growth of one to three percent.”

First Quarter 2024 ResultsFirst quarter revenue of $4.0 billion declined by one percent as organic growth declined by 0.6 percent. Foreign currency translation impact reduced revenue by 0.4 percent.

GAAP EPS increased 17 percent to $2.73 and included $0.29 of favorable impact from a one-time LIFO inventory accounting change. Excluding this item, EPS of $2.44 increased five percent. Operating income increased 16 percent to $1.13 billion and included $117 million of pre-tax impact from the one-time item. Excluding the one-time item, operating income grew four percent. Operating margin improved 420 basis points to 28.4 percent. Excluding the one-time item, operating margin improved 120 basis points to 25.4 percent as enterprise initiatives contributed 140 basis points. Operating cash flow was $589 million, and free cash flow was $494 million with a conversion of 68 percent to net income excluding the one-time item. During the quarter, the company repurchased $375 million of its own shares and the effective tax rate was 23.6 percent.

One-Time LIFO Inventory Accounting ChangeAs of December 31, 2023, the last-in, first-out ("LIFO") method was used to determine the cost of inventories at certain U.S. businesses representing approximately 23 percent of total inventories. During the first quarter of 2024, ITW changed the method used to determine the cost of inventory at these businesses from LIFO to the first-in, first-out ("FIFO") method to provide a more consistent and simpler method for valuing inventory across its operations. The company recorded the pre-tax cumulative effect of this change in accounting method of $117 million resulting in an increase to inventories and a reduction in cost of revenue in the quarter.

2024 GuidanceITW is incorporating the impact of the one-time item into its full-year 2024 guidance and raising GAAP EPS by $0.30 to a range of $10.30 to $10.70 per share and operating margin by 50 basis points to a range of 26 to 27 percent with enterprise initiatives expected to contribute more than 100 basis points. The company projects revenue growth of two to four percent and organic growth of one to three percent based on current levels of demand and foreign exchange rates. Free cash flow is expected to exceed 100 percent of net income and the company plans to repurchase approximately $1.5 billion of its own shares. The projected effective tax rate is in the range of 24 to 24.5 percent.

Non-GAAP Measures This earnings release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures. A reconciliation of these measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures is included in the attached supplemental reconciliation schedule. The estimated guidance of free cash flow to net income conversion rate is based on assumptions that are difficult to predict, and estimated guidance for the most directly comparable GAAP measure and a reconciliation of this forward-looking estimate to its most directly comparable GAAP estimate have been omitted due to the unreasonable efforts required in connection with such a reconciliation and the lack of reliable forward-looking cash flow information. For the same reasons, the company is unable to address the potential significance of the unavailable information, which could be material to future results.

Forward-looking Statements

This earnings release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements may include, without limitation, statements regarding global supply chain challenges, expected impact of inflation including raw material inflation and rising interest rates, the impact of enterprise initiatives, future financial and operating performance, free cash flow and free cash flow to net income conversion rate, organic and total revenue, operating and incremental margin, price/cost impact, statements regarding diluted income per share, expected dividend payments, after-tax return on invested capital, effective tax rates, exchange rates, expected timing and amount of share repurchases, end market economic and regulatory conditions, the impact of recent or potential acquisitions and/or divestitures, and the Company’s 2024 guidance. These statements are subject to certain risks, uncertainties, assumptions, and other factors, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated. Important risks that could cause actual results to differ materially from the Company’s expectations include those that are detailed in ITW’s Form 10-K for 2023 and subsequent reports filed with the SEC.

About Illinois Tool Works

ITW (NYSE: ITW) is a Fortune 200 global multi-industrial manufacturing leader with revenue of $16.1 billion in 2023. The company’s seven industry-leading segments leverage the unique ITW Business Model to drive solid growth with best-in-class margins and returns in markets where highly innovative, customer-focused solutions are required. ITW’s approximately 45,000 dedicated colleagues around the world thrive in the company’s decentralized and entrepreneurial culture. www.itw.com

Investor Relations & Media Contact:Erin LinnihanTel: 224.661.7431investorrelations@itw.com | mediarelations@itw.com

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC. and SUBSIDIARIESSTATEMENT OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)
  
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
In millions except per share amounts 2024   2023 
Operating Revenue$3,973  $4,019 
Cost of revenue 2,145   2,341 
Selling, administrative, and research and development expenses 676   675 
Amortization and impairment of intangible assets 25   31 
Operating Income 1,127   972 
Interest expense (71)  (60)
Other income (expense) 16   10 
Income Before Taxes 1,072   922 
Income Taxes 253   208 
Net Income$819  $714 
    
Net Income Per Share:   
Basic$2.74  $2.34 
Diluted$2.73  $2.33 
    
Cash Dividends Per Share:   
Paid$1.40  $1.31 
Declared$1.40  $1.31 
    
Shares of Common Stock Outstanding During the Period:   
Average 298.9   305.0 
Average assuming dilution 300.0   306.1 

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC. and SUBSIDIARIESSTATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION (UNAUDITED)
 
In millionsMarch 31, 2024 December 31, 2023
Assets   
Current Assets:   
Cash and equivalents$959  $1,065 
Trade receivables 3,238   3,123 
Inventories 1,825   1,707 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 349   340 
Total current assets 6,371   6,235 
    
Net plant and equipment 1,973   1,976 
Goodwill 4,904   4,909 
Intangible assets 653   657 
Deferred income taxes 462   479 
Other assets 1,290   1,262 
 $15,653  $15,518 
    
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity   
Current Liabilities:   
Short-term debt$2,066  $1,825 
Accounts payable 597   581 
Accrued expenses 1,512   1,663 
Cash dividends payable 418   419 
Income taxes payable 251   187 
Total current liabilities 4,844   4,675 
    
Noncurrent Liabilities:   
Long-term debt 6,259   6,339 
Deferred income taxes 380   326 
Noncurrent income taxes payable 151   151 
Other liabilities 998   1,014 
Total noncurrent liabilities 7,788   7,830 
    
Stockholders' Equity:   
Common stock 6   6 
Additional paid-in-capital 1,618   1,588 
Retained earnings 27,523   27,122 
Common stock held in treasury (24,243)  (23,870)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (1,884)  (1,834)
Noncontrolling interest 1   1 
Total stockholders' equity 3,021   3,013 
 $15,653  $15,518 

 

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC. and SUBSIDIARIESSEGMENT DATA (UNAUDITED)
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2024
Dollars in millionsTotal RevenueOperating IncomeOperating Margin
Automotive OEM$816 $16219.8%
Food Equipment 631  16426.0%
Test & Measurement and Electronics 696  16323.4%
Welding 476  15632.7%
Polymers & Fluids 432  11125.8%
Construction Products 488  14329.4%
Specialty Products 440  13029.7%
Intersegment (6) %
Total Segments 3,973   1,029 25.9 %
Unallocated   98%
Total Company$3,973  $1,127 28.4%

 

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC. and SUBSIDIARIESSEGMENT DATA (UNAUDITED)
  
Q1 2024 vs. Q1 2023 Favorable/(Unfavorable)
Operating RevenueAutomotive OEMFood EquipmentTest & Measurement and ElectronicsWeldingPolymers & FluidsConstruction ProductsSpecialty ProductsTotal ITW 
Organic3.4%(1.4)%(1.3)%(3.5)%(0.9)%(7.0)%5.5%(0.6)%
Acquisitions/Divestitures%%0.8%%%%(2.2)%(0.1)%
Translation(0.9)%0.7%(0.4)%0.1%(2.4)%(0.3)%0.5%(0.4)%
Operating Revenue2.5%(0.7)%(0.9)%(3.4)%(3.3)%(7.3)%3.8%(1.1)%

Q1 2024 vs. Q1 2023 Favorable/(Unfavorable)
Change in Operating MarginAutomotive OEMFood EquipmentTest & Measurement and ElectronicsWeldingPolymers & FluidsConstruction ProductsSpecialty ProductsTotal ITW
Operating Leverage60 bps(30) bps(40) bps(50) bps(20) bps(130) bps110 bps(20) bps
Changes in Variable Margin & OH Costs300 bps(50) bps(20) bps120 bps140 bps320 bps200 bps430 bps
Total Organic360 bps(80) bps(60) bps70 bps120 bps190 bps310 bps410 bps
Acquisitions/Divestitures(50) bps50 bps
Restructuring/Other10 bps10 bps10 bps20 bps50 bps10 bps
Total Operating Margin Change370 bps(70) bps(110) bps80 bps140 bps190 bps410 bps420 bps
         
Total Operating Margin % *19.8%26.0%23.4%32.7%25.8%29.4%29.7%28.4%
         
* Includes unfavorable operating margin impact of amortization expense from acquisition-related intangible assets 30 bps 50 bps 170 bps 150 bps 10 bps 20 bps 60 bps **
** Amortization expense from acquisition-related intangible assets had an unfavorable impact of ($0.06) on GAAP earnings per share for the first quarter of 2024.

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC. and SUBSIDIARIESGAAP to NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS (UNAUDITED)
 
AFTER-TAX RETURN ON AVERAGE INVESTED CAPITAL (UNAUDITED)
 
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
Dollars in millions 2024   2023 
Numerator:   
Net income$819  $714 
Cumulative effect of change in inventory accounting method, net of tax (1) (88)   
Interest expense, net of tax (2) 54   46 
Other (income) expense, net of tax (2) (12)  (8)
Operating income after taxes$773  $752 
    
Denominator:   
Invested capital:   
Cash and equivalents$959  $1,143 
Trade receivables 3,238   3,201 
Inventories 1,825   2,000 
Net assets held for sale    9 
Net plant and equipment 1,973   1,885 
Goodwill and intangible assets 5,557   5,622 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses (2,109)  (2,103)
Debt (8,325)  (8,380)
Other, net (97)  (276)
Total net assets (stockholders' equity) 3,021   3,101 
Cash and equivalents (959)  (1,143)
Debt 8,325   8,380 
Total invested capital$10,387  $10,338 
    
Average invested capital (3)$10,249  $10,241 
    
Net income to average invested capital (4) 32.0%  27.9%
After-tax return on average invested capital (4) 30.1%  29.4%
        

(1) Represents the cumulative effect of the change from the LIFO method of accounting to the FIFO method for certain U.S. businesses ($117 million pre-tax, or $88 million after-tax).

(2) Effective tax rate used for interest expense and other (income) expense for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 was 23.6% and 22.6%, respectively.

(3) Average invested capital is calculated using the total invested capital balances at the start of the period and at the end of the periods presented.

(4) Returns for the three months ended March 31, 2024 and 2023 were converted to an annual rate by multiplying the calculated return by 4.

AFTER-TAX RETURN ON AVERAGE INVESTED CAPITAL (UNAUDITED)
  
 Twelve Months Ended
Dollars in millionsDecember 31, 2023
Numerator: 
Net income$2,957 
Discrete tax benefit related to the second quarter 2023 (20)
Interest expense, net of tax (1) 204 
Other (income) expense, net of tax (1) (38)
Operating income after taxes$3,103 
  
Denominator: 
Invested capital: 
Cash and equivalents$1,065 
Trade receivables 3,123 
Inventories 1,707 
Net plant and equipment 1,976 
Goodwill and intangible assets 5,566 
Accounts payable and accrued expenses (2,244)
Debt (8,164)
Other, net (16)
Total net assets (stockholders' equity) 3,013 
Cash and equivalents (1,065)
Debt 8,164 
Total invested capital$10,112 
  
Average invested capital (2)$10,214 
  
Net income to average invested capital 29.0%
After-tax return on average invested capital 30.4%
    

(1) Effective tax rate used for interest expense and other (income) expense for the year ended December 31, 2023 was 23.2%.

(2) Average invested capital is calculated using the total invested capital balances at the start of the period and at the end of each quarter within the period presented.

A reconciliation of the 2023 effective tax rate excluding the second quarter 2023 discrete tax benefit of $20 million related to amended 2021 U.S. taxes is as follows:

 Twelve Months Ended
 December 31, 2023
Dollars in millionsIncome Taxes Tax Rate
As reported$866 22.6%
Discrete tax benefit related to the second quarter 2023 20 0.6%
As adjusted$886 23.2%

FREE CASH FLOW (UNAUDITED)
  
 Three Months Ended
 March 31,
Dollars in millions 2024   2023 
Net cash provided by operating activities$589  $728 
Less: Additions to plant and equipment (95)  (113)
Free cash flow$494  $615 
    
Net income$819  $714 
    
Net cash provided by operating activities to net income conversion rate 72%  102%
Free cash flow to net income conversion rate 60%(1) 86%
        

(1) Excluding the impact of the cumulative effect of the change from the LIFO method of accounting to the FIFO method for certain U.S. businesses ($117 million pre-tax, or $88 million after-tax), the free cash flow to net income conversion rate would have been 68%.

ADJUSTED NET INCOME PER SHARE - DILUTED (UNAUDITED)
  
 Three Months Ended
 March 31, 2024
As reported$2.73 
Cumulative effect of change in inventory accounting method, net of tax (1) (0.29)
As adjusted$2.44 
    

(1) Represents the cumulative effect of the change from the LIFO method of accounting to the FIFO method for certain U.S. businesses ($117 million pre-tax, or $88 million after-tax).

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Source: Illinois Tool Works Inc.

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