HASI Announces Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results, Dividend Increase, Record Closings, and New Three-Year Guidance

Published

ANNAPOLIS, Md.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure Capital, Inc. ("HASI," "we," "our" or the "Company") (NYSE: HASI), a leading investor in climate solutions, today reported results for the fourth quarter and full year of 2023.

Financial Highlights

  • Delivered $1.42 GAAP EPS on a fully diluted basis in 2023, compared with $0.47 in 2022
  • Delivered $2.23 Distributable EPS on a fully diluted basis in 2023, compared to $2.08 Distributable EPS in 2022, representing 7% year-on-year growth
  • Grew Portfolio 44% in 2023 to $6.2 billion and managed assets 26% to $12.3 billion compared to the end of 2022
  • Reported GAAP-based Net Investment Income of $58 million in 2023, compared to $45 million in 2022
  • Increased Distributable Net Investment Income in 2023 by 21% year-on-year to $217 million, compared to $180 million in 2022
  • Closed $2.3 billion of investments in 2023, compared to $1.8 billion in 2022
  • Reported pipeline of greater than $5 billion as of the end of 2023, compared to greater than $4.5 billion as of the end of 2022
  • Increased dividend to $0.415 per share for the first quarter of 2024, representing a 5% increase over the dividend declared in the fourth quarter of 2023
  • Announced 2% discount on 2023 Dividend Reinvestment and Stock Purchase Plan for the first quarter of 2024

Guidance

  • Established new guidance that annual distributable earnings per share is expected to grow at a compounded annual rate of 8% - 10% during the years 2024 to 2026 relative to the 2023 baseline of $2.23 per share
  • Established guidance that our dividend per share is expected to be within a payout ratio range of 60% - 70% of distributable earnings per share during the years 2024 to 2026

2024 REIT Election

In December 2023, our Board of Directors approved a plan to revoke our Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) election and become a taxable C-Corporation, effective January 1, 2024. Our Board of Director’s decision was made after careful consideration of all relevant implications and is not expected to have any material impact on the Company’s business or operations. The Company expects its existing net operating losses ("NOLs") and other tax attributes will enable HASI to continue to operate in a tax efficient manner.

Sustainability and Impact Highlight

  • Estimated that more than 760,000 metric tons of carbon emissions will be avoided annually by our transactions closed in 2023, equating to a CarbonCount® score of 0.3 metric tons per $1,000 invested

"Driven by a record volume of closed transactions, HASI delivered another excellent year of financial performance in 2023, underscoring the strength and resilience of our non-cyclical and adaptable business model,” said Jeffrey A. Lipson, HASI President and Chief Executive Officer. "Our updated earnings and dividend guidance demonstrates continued confidence in our strategy over the next three years."

A summary of our results is shown in the table below:

 

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2023

 

For the three months ended December 31, 2022

 

 

$ in thousands

 

Per Share (Diluted)

 

$ in thousands

 

Per Share (Diluted)

GAAP Net Income

$

89,762

 

$

0.74

 

$

(19,928

)

 

$

(0.22

)

Distributable earnings

 

60,642

 

 

0.53

 

 

42,887

 

 

 

0.47

 

 

 

For the year ended December 31, 2023

 

For the year ended December 31, 2022

 

 

$ in thousands

 

Per Share

 

$ in thousands

 

Per Share

GAAP Net Income

$

148,836

 

$

1.42

 

$

41,502

 

 

$

0.47

 

Distributable earnings

 

232,248

 

 

2.23

 

 

185,791

 

 

 

2.08

 

Financial Results

"Our diversified funding platform facilitated record growth in the Portfolio," said Marc T. Pangburn, Chief Financial Officer. "Recent debt raises combined with our liquidity position provide a significant portion of our growth debt capital needs for 2024."

Comparison of the year ended December 31, 2023 to the year ended December 31, 2022

Total revenue increased by $80 million, or 33%. Interest and rental income increased by $68 million, or 42%, due to a larger portfolio and a higher average interest rate. Gain on sale and other income increased by $11 million, or 17%, primarily from a change in mix of assets being securitized. Securitization asset income increased by approximately $1 million, due to a larger volume of securitized assets under management.

Interest expense increased by $55 million, or 48%, due to a higher average interest rate on a larger average outstanding debt balance. Provision for loss on receivables decreased by $1 million compared 2022 as a result of the release of certain loan specific reserves, partially offset by provisions on new loans and loan commitments. Other expenses (compensation and benefits and general and administrative expenses) increased by $2 million primarily due to an increase in our employee headcount and compensation and additional investment in corporate infrastructure.

We recognized $141 million in income using the hypothetical liquidation at book value method (HLBV) for our equity method investments in 2023, compared to $31 million of HLBV income in 2022, primarily due to allocations of income in the current period related to tax credits allocated to other investors in a grid-connected utility-scale solar project.

We recognized income tax expense of $32 million in 2023, compared to an income tax expense of $7 million in 2022, driven primarily by deferred tax expense recognized in the current period associated with the Board’s 2023 approval of our decision to revoke our REIT status effective January 1, 2024.

GAAP net income in 2023 was $151 million, compared to $42 million in 2022, driven primarily by the equity method investment income change discussed above. Distributable earnings in 2023 was $232 million, or an increase of approximately $46 million from 2022 due primarily to an increase in distributable earnings from a larger portfolio.

Leverage

The calculation of our fixed-rate debt and leverage ratios as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 are shown in the table below:

 

December 31, 2023

 

% of Total

 

December 31, 2022

 

% of Total

 

($ in millions)

 

 

 

($ in millions)

 

 

Floating-rate borrowings (1)

$

338

 

8

%

 

$

431

 

14

%

Fixed-rate debt (2)

 

3,909

 

92

%

 

 

2,545

 

86

%

Total

$

4,247

 

100

%

 

$

2,976

 

100

%

Leverage (3)

2.0 to 1

 

 

 

1.8 to 1

 

 

(1)

Floating-rate borrowings include borrowings under our floating-rate credit facilities and commercial paper notes with less than six months original maturity, to the extent such borrowings are not hedged using interest rate swaps.

(2)

Fixed-rate debt includes the impact of our interest rate swaps and collars on debt that is otherwise floating. Debt excludes securitizations that are not consolidated on our balance sheet.

(3)

Leverage, as measured by our debt-to-equity ratio.

Portfolio

Our balance sheet portfolio totaled approximately $6.2 billion as of December 31, 2023, which included approximately $3.0 billion of behind-the-meter assets and approximately $2.3 billion of grid-connected assets, with the remainder invested in fuels, transportation, and nature assets. The following is an analysis of the performance of our portfolio as of December 31, 2023:

 

Portfolio Performance

 

 

 

Commercial

 

Government

 

 

 

1 (1)

 

2 (2)

 

3 (3)

 

1 (1)

 

Total

 

(dollars in millions)

 

 

Total receivables held-for-investment

$

3,033

 

 

$

 

 

$

 

 

$

91

 

 

$

3,124

 

Less: Allowance for loss on receivables

 

(50

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(50

)

Net receivables held-for-investment (4)

 

2,983

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

91

 

 

 

3,074

 

Receivables held-for-sale

 

32

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

35

 

Investments

 

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

 

7

 

Real estate

 

111

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

111

 

Equity method investments (5)

 

2,930

 

 

 

36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,966

 

Total

$

6,061

 

 

$

36

 

 

$

 

 

$

96

 

 

$

6,193

 

Percent of Portfolio

 

97

%

 

 

1

%

 

 

%

 

 

2

%

 

 

100

%

(1)

This category includes our assets where based on our credit criteria and performance to date, we believe that our risk of not receiving our invested capital remains low.

(2)

This category includes our assets where based on our credit criteria and performance to date, we believe there is a moderate level of risk of not receiving some or all of our invested capital.

(3)

This category includes our assets where based on our credit criteria and performance to date, we believe there is substantial doubt regarding our ability to recover some or all of our invested capital. Loans in this category are placed on non-accrual status.

(4)

Total reconciles to the total of the government receivables and commercial receivables lines of the consolidated balance sheets.

(5)

Some of the individual projects included in portfolios that make up our equity method investments have government off-takers. As they are part of large portfolios, they are not classified separately.

Guidance

The Company expects that annual distributable earnings per share will grow at a compounded annual rate of 8% to 10% from 2024 to 2026, relative to the 2023 baseline of $2.23 per share, which is equivalent to a 2026 midpoint of $2.89 per share. The Company also expects distributions of annual dividends per share from 2024 to 2026 to be set at a payout ratio of 60-70% of annual distributable earnings per share. This guidance reflects the Company’s judgments and estimates of (i) yield on its existing portfolio; (ii) yield on incremental portfolio investments, inclusive of the Company’s existing pipeline; (iii) the volume and profitability of transactions; (iv) amount, timing, and costs of debt and equity capital to fund new investments; (v) changes in costs and expenses reflective of the Company’s forecasted operations; and (vi) the general interest rate and market environment. In addition, distributions are subject to approval by the Company’s Board of Directors on a quarterly basis. The Company has not provided GAAP guidance as discussed in the Forward-Looking Statements section of this press release.

Dividend

The Company is announcing today that its Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.415 per share of common stock. This dividend will be paid on April 19, 2024, to stockholders of record as of April 5, 2024.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

Hannon Armstrong will host an investor conference call today, Thursday, February 15, 2024, at 5:00 p.m. Eastern time. The conference call can be accessed live over the phone by dialing 1-877-407-0890 (Toll-Free) or +1-201-389-0918 (toll). Participants should inform the operator you want to be joined to the HASI call. The conference call will also be accessible as an audio webcast with slides on our website. A replay after the event will be accessible as on-demand webcast on our website.

About HASI

HASI (NYSE: HASI) is a leading climate positive investment firm that actively partners with clients to deploy real assets that facilitate the energy transition. With more than $12 billion in managed assets, our vision is that every investment improves our climate future. For more information, please visit hasi.com

Forward-Looking Statements:

Some of the information contained in this press release is forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”) that are subject to risks and uncertainties. For these statements, we claim the protections of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in such Sections. These forward-looking statements include information about possible or assumed future results of our business, financial condition, liquidity, results of operations, plans and objectives. When we use the words “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “plan,” “continue,” “intend,” “should,” “may” or similar expressions, we intend to identify forward-looking statements. However, the absence of these words or similar expressions does not mean that a statement is not forward-looking. All statements that address operating performance, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future are forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Investors are cautioned against placing undue reliance on such statements. Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements include those discussed under the caption “Risk Factors” included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K as well as in other periodic reports that we file with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC").

Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances, including, but not limited to, unanticipated events, after the date on which such statement is made, unless otherwise required by law. New factors emerge from time to time and it is not possible for management to predict all of such factors, nor can it assess the impact of each such factor on the business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained or implied in any forward-looking statement.

The Company has not provided GAAP guidance as forecasting a comparable GAAP financial measure, such as net income, would require that the Company apply the HLBV method to these investments. In order to forecast under the HLBV method, the Company would be required to make various assumptions related to expected changes in the net asset value of the various entities and how such changes would be allocated under HLBV. GAAP HLBV earnings over a period of time are very sensitive to these assumptions especially in regard to when a partnership transaction flips and thus the liquidation scenarios change materially. The Company believes that these assumptions would require unreasonable efforts to complete and if completed, the wide variation in projected GAAP earnings based upon a range of scenarios would not be meaningful to investors. Accordingly, the Company has not included a GAAP reconciliation table related to any distributable earnings guidance.

Estimated carbon savings are calculated using the estimated kilowatt hours, gallons of fuel oil, million British thermal units of natural gas and gallons of water saved as appropriate, for each project. The energy savings are converted into an estimate of metric tons of CO2 equivalent emissions based upon the project’s location and the corresponding emissions factor data from the U.S. Government and International Energy Agency. Portfolios of projects are represented on an aggregate basis.

HANNON ARMSTRONG SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE CAPITAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

 

 

For the Three Months Ended December 31,

 

For the Year Ended December 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

Revenue

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest income

$

62,170

 

 

$

36,752

 

 

$

207,794

 

 

$

134,656

 

Rental income

 

2,239

 

 

 

6,529

 

 

 

21,251

 

 

 

26,245

 

Gain on sale of assets

 

15,722

 

 

 

5,935

 

 

 

68,637

 

 

 

57,187

 

Securitization asset income

 

5,878

 

 

 

7,962

 

 

 

19,259

 

 

 

17,905

 

Other income

 

576

 

 

 

1,130

 

 

 

2,930

 

 

 

3,744

 

Total revenue

 

86,585

 

 

 

58,308

 

 

 

319,871

 

 

 

239,737

 

Expenses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest expense

 

50,595

 

 

 

30,524

 

 

 

171,008

 

 

 

115,559

 

Provision for loss on receivables

 

(649

)

 

 

6,576

 

 

 

11,832

 

 

 

12,798

 

Compensation and benefits

 

15,817

 

 

 

13,337

 

 

 

64,344

 

 

 

63,445

 

General and administrative

 

6,457

 

 

 

7,238

 

 

 

31,283

 

 

 

29,934

 

Total expenses

 

72,220

 

 

 

57,675

 

 

 

278,467

 

 

 

221,736

 

Income before equity method investments

 

14,365

 

 

 

633

 

 

 

41,404

 

 

 

18,001

 

Income (loss) from equity method investments

 

113,545

 

 

 

(27,241

)

 

 

140,974

 

 

 

31,291

 

Income (loss) before income taxes

 

127,910

 

 

 

(26,608

)

 

 

182,378

 

 

 

49,292

 

Income tax (expense) benefit

 

(36,920

)

 

 

6,412

 

 

 

(31,621

)

 

 

(7,381

)

Net income (loss)

$

90,990

 

 

$

(20,196

)

 

$

150,757

 

 

$

41,911

 

Net income (loss) attributable to non-controlling interest holders

 

1,228

 

 

 

(268

)

 

 

1,921

 

 

 

409

 

Net income (loss) attributable to controlling stockholders

$

89,762

 

 

$

(19,928

)

 

$

148,836

 

 

$

41,502

 

Basic earnings (loss) per common share

$

0.80

 

 

$

(0.22

)

 

$

1.45

 

 

$

0.47

 

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share

$

0.74

 

 

$

(0.22

)

 

$

1.42

 

 

$

0.47

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic

 

111,277,751

 

 

 

89,601,922

 

 

 

101,844,551

 

 

 

87,500,799

 

Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted

 

129,656,080

 

 

 

89,601,922

 

 

 

109,467,554

 

 

 

90,609,329

 

HANNON ARMSTRONG SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE CAPITAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA)

 

 

December 31, 2023

 

December 31, 2022

Assets

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

$

62,632

 

 

$

155,714

 

Equity method investments

 

2,966,305

 

 

 

1,869,712

 

Commercial receivables, net of allowance of $50 million and $41 million, respectively

 

2,983,170

 

 

 

1,887,483

 

Government receivables

 

90,685

 

 

 

102,511

 

Receivables held-for-sale

 

35,299

 

 

 

85,254

 

Real estate

 

111,036

 

 

 

353,000

 

Investments

 

7,165

 

 

 

10,200

 

Securitization assets, net of allowance of $3 million and $0, respectively

 

218,946

 

 

 

177,032

 

Other assets

 

77,112

 

 

 

119,242

 

Total Assets

$

6,552,350

 

 

$

4,760,148

 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other

$

163,305

 

 

$

120,114

 

Credit facilities

 

400,861

 

 

 

50,698

 

Commercial paper notes

 

30,196

 

 

 

192

 

Term loan facility

 

727,458

 

 

 

379,742

 

Non-recourse debt (secured by assets of $239 million and $632 million, respectively)

 

160,456

 

 

 

432,756

 

Senior unsecured notes

 

2,318,841

 

 

 

1,767,647

 

Convertible notes

 

609,608

 

 

 

344,253

 

Total Liabilities

 

4,410,725

 

 

 

3,095,402

 

Stockholders’ Equity:

 

 

 

Preferred stock, par value $0.01 per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

 

 

 

 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 112,174,279 and 90,837,008 shares issued and outstanding, respectively

 

1,122

 

 

 

908

 

Additional paid in capital

 

2,381,510

 

 

 

1,924,200

 

Accumulated deficit

 

(303,536

)

 

 

(285,474

)

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

13,165

 

 

 

(10,397

)

Non-controlling interest

 

49,364

 

 

 

35,509

 

Total Stockholders’ Equity

 

2,141,625

 

 

 

1,664,746

 

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

$

6,552,350

 

 

$

4,760,148

 

HANNON ARMSTRONG SUSTAINABLE INFRASTRUCTURE CAPITAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(DOLLARS IN THOUSANDS)

 

 

Years Ended December 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2021

Cash flows from operating activities

 

 

 

 

 

Net income (loss)

$

150,757

 

 

$

41,911

 

 

$

127,346

 

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

 

 

 

 

 

Provision for loss on receivables

 

11,832

 

 

 

12,798

 

 

 

496

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

3,127

 

 

 

3,993

 

 

 

3,801

 

Amortization of financing costs

 

12,958

 

 

 

11,685

 

 

 

11,316

 

Equity-based compensation

 

18,386

 

 

 

20,101

 

 

 

17,047

 

Equity method investments

 

(108,025

)

 

 

16,403

 

 

 

(94,773

)

Non-cash gain on securitization

 

(43,542

)

 

 

(28,614

)

 

 

(48,332

)

(Gain) loss on sale of assets

 

1,305

 

 

 

(218

)

 

 

(720

)

Changes in receivables held-for-sale

 

51,538

 

 

 

(62,953

)

 

 

(22,035

)

Loss on debt extinguishment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14,584

 

Changes in accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

48,485

 

 

 

18,176

 

 

 

11,313

 

Change in accrued interest on receivables and investments

 

(44,105

)

 

 

(15,414

)

 

 

(859

)

Other

 

(3,027

)

 

 

(17,638

)

 

 

(5,875

)

Net cash provided by operating activities

 

99,689

 

 

 

230

 

 

 

13,309

 

Cash flows from investing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Equity method investments

 

(869,412

)

 

 

(127,867

)

 

 

(401,856

)

Equity method investment distributions received

 

30,140

 

 

 

110,064

 

 

 

21,777

 

Proceeds from sales of equity method investments

 

 

 

 

1,700

 

 

 

300

 

Purchases of and investments in receivables

 

(1,338,860

)

 

 

(726,931

)

 

 

(553,366

)

Principal collections from receivables

 

197,784

 

 

 

125,976

 

 

 

148,769

 

Proceeds from sales of receivables

 

7,634

 

 

 

5,047

 

 

 

75,582

 

Purchases of real estate

 

 

 

 

(4,550

)

 

 

 

Sales of real estate

 

 

 

 

4,550

 

 

 

 

Purchases of investments and securitization assets

 

(14,404

)

 

 

(2,329

)

 

 

(4,830

)

Proceeds from sales of investments and securitization assets

 

 

 

 

7,020

 

 

 

15,197

 

Collateral provided to hedge counterparties

 

(93,550

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateral received from hedge counterparties

 

84,950

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Funding of escrow accounts

 

 

 

 

(5,476

)

 

 

(12,069

)

Withdrawal from escrow accounts

 

 

 

 

22,757

 

 

 

1,756

 

Other

 

2,915

 

 

 

(2,071

)

 

 

5,338

 

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

 

(1,992,803

)

 

 

(592,110

)

 

 

(703,402

)

Cash flows from financing activities

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from credit facilities

 

1,177,000

 

 

 

100,000

 

 

 

100,000

 

Principal payments on credit facilities

 

(827,000

)

 

 

(150,000

)

 

 

(22,441

)

Proceeds from issuance of commercial paper notes

 

30,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

50,000

 

Principal payments on commercial paper notes

 

 

 

 

(50,000

)

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of non-recourse debt

 

 

 

 

32,923

 

 

 

 

Principal payments on non-recourse debt

 

(21,606

)

 

 

(30,581

)

 

 

(37,974

)

Proceeds from issuance of term loan

 

365,000

 

 

 

383,000

 

 

 

 

Principal payments on term loan

 

(16,478

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proceeds from issuance of senior unsecured notes

 

550,000

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,000,000

 

Redemption of senior unsecured notes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(500,000

)

Proceeds from issuance of convertible notes

 

402,500

 

 

 

200,000

 

 

 

 

Principal payments on convertible notes

 

(143,748

)

 

 

(461

)

 

 

 

Purchase of capped calls related to the issuance of convertible notes

 

(37,835

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net proceeds of common stock issuances

 

492,377

 

 

 

188,881

 

 

 

200,641

 

Payments of dividends and distributions

 

(159,786

)

 

 

(132,198

)

 

 

(113,510

)

Withholdings on employee share vesting

 

(1,488

)

 

 

(3,211

)

 

 

(14,018

)

Redemption premium paid

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(14,101

)

Payment of debt issuance costs

 

(22,894

)

 

 

(11,754

)

 

 

(17,750

)

Collateral provided to hedge counterparties

 

(166,600

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collateral received from hedge counterparties

 

176,050

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other

 

(3,268

)

 

 

(9,820

)

 

 

(12

)

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

 

1,792,224

 

 

 

516,779

 

 

 

630,835

 

Increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash

 

(100,890

)

 

 

(75,101

)

 

 

(59,258

)

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of period

 

175,972

 

 

 

251,073

 

 

 

310,331

 

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of period

$

75,082

 

 

$

175,972

 

 

$

251,073

 

Interest paid

$

138,418

 

 

$

98,704

 

 

$

108,267

 

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash activity

 

 

 

 

 

Residual assets retained from securitization transactions

$

35,483

 

 

$

28,614

 

 

$

56,432

 

Equity method investments received upon deconsolidation of a special purpose entity

 

144,603

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock from conversion of convertible notes

 

 

 

 

7,674

 

 

 

141,810

 

Deconsolidation of non-recourse debt and other liabilities

 

257,746

 

 

 

 

 

 

126,139

 

Deconsolidation of assets pledged for non-recourse debt

 

374,608

 

 

 

 

 

 

130,513

 

EXPLANATORY NOTES Non-GAAP Financial Measures Distributable Earnings

We calculate distributable earnings as GAAP net income (loss) excluding non-cash equity compensation expense, provisions for loss on receivables, amortization of intangibles, non-cash provision (benefit) for taxes, losses or (gains) from modification or extinguishment of debt facilities, any one-time acquisition related costs or non-cash tax charges and the earnings attributable to our non-controlling interest of Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure, L.P., a Delaware limited partnership (our “operating partnership”). We also make an adjustment to our equity method investments in the renewable energy projects as described below. We will use judgment in determining when we will reflect the losses on receivables in our distributable earnings, and will consider certain circumstances such as the time period in default, sufficiency of collateral as well as the outcomes of any related litigation. In the future, distributable earnings may also exclude one-time events pursuant to changes in GAAP and certain other adjustments as approved by a majority of our independent directors.

We believe a non-GAAP measure, such as distributable earnings, that adjusts for the items discussed above is and has been a meaningful indicator of our economic performance in any one period and is useful to our investors as well as management in evaluating our performance as it relates to expected dividend payments over time. We believe that our investors also use distributable earnings, or a comparable supplemental performance measure, to evaluate and compare our performance to that of our peers, and as such, we believe that the disclosure of distributable earnings is useful to our investors.

Certain of our equity method investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency projects are structured using typical partnership “flip” structures where the investors with cash distribution preferences receive a pre-negotiated return consisting of priority distributions from the project cash flows, in many cases, along with tax attributes. Once this preferred return is achieved, the partnership “flips” and the common equity investor, often the operator or sponsor of the project, receives more of the cash flows through its equity interests while the previously preferred investors retain an ongoing residual interest. We have made investments in both the preferred and common equity of these structures. Regardless of the nature of our equity interest, we typically negotiate the purchase prices of our equity investments, which have a finite expected life, based on our underwritten cash flows discounted back to the net present value, based on a target investment rate, with the cash flows to be received in the future reflecting both a return on the capital (at the investment rate) and a return of the capital we have committed to the project. We use a similar approach in the underwriting of our receivables.

Under GAAP, we account for these equity method investments utilizing the HLBV method. Under this method, we recognize income or loss based on the change in the amount each partner would receive, typically based on the negotiated profit and loss allocation, if the assets were liquidated at book value, after adjusting for any distributions or contributions made during such quarter. The HLBV allocations of income or loss may be impacted by the receipt of tax attributes, as tax equity investors are allocated losses in proportion to the tax benefits received, while the sponsors of the project are allocated gains of a similar amount. The investment tax credit available for election in solar projects is a one-time credit realized in the quarter when the project is considered operational for tax purposes and is fully allocated under HLBV in that quarter (subject to an impairment test), while the production tax credit required for wind projects and electable for solar projects is a ten year credit and thus is allocated under HLBV over a ten year period. In addition, the agreed upon allocations of the project’s cash flows may differ materially from the profit and loss allocation used for the HLBV calculations in a given period. We also consider the impact of any OTTI in determining our income from equity method investments.

The cash distributions for those equity method investments where we apply HLBV are segregated into a return on and return of capital on our cash flow statement based on the cumulative income (loss) that has been allocated using the HLBV method. However, as a result of the application of the HLBV method, including the impact of tax allocations, the high levels of depreciation and other non-cash expenses that are common to renewable energy projects and the differences between the agreed upon profit and loss and the cash flow allocations, the distributions and thus the economic returns (i.e. return on capital) achieved from the investment are often significantly different from the income or loss that is allocated to us under the HLBV method in any one period. Thus, in calculating distributable earnings, for certain of these investments where there are characteristics as described above, we further adjust GAAP net income (loss) to take into account our calculation of the return on capital (based upon the underwritten investment rate) from our renewable energy equity method investments, as adjusted to reflect the performance of the project and the cash distributed. We believe this equity method investment adjustment to our GAAP net income (loss) in calculating our distributable earnings measure is an important supplement to the income (loss) from equity method investments as determined under GAAP for an investor to understand the economic performance of these investments where HLBV income can differ substantially from the economic returns in any one period.

We have acquired equity investments in portfolios of renewable energy projects which have the majority of the distributions payable to more senior investors in the first few years of the project. The following table provides results related to our equity method investments for the three months and years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022:

 

Three Months Ended

December 31,

 

Year Ended December 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

 

(in millions)

Income (loss) under GAAP

$

114

 

$

(27

)

 

$

141

 

$

31

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Collections of distributable earnings

$

9

 

$

16

 

 

$

39

 

$

57

Return of capital

 

7

 

 

10

 

 

 

24

 

 

101

Cash collected (1)

$

16

 

$

26

 

 

$

63

 

$

158

(1)

Cash collected during the years ended 2023 and 2022 includes $9 million and $64 million, respectively of debt issuance proceeds from certain of our equity method investees, the repayment of which we have guaranteed.

Distributable earnings does not represent cash generated from operating activities in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to net income (determined in accordance with GAAP), or an indication of our cash flow from operating activities (determined in accordance with GAAP), or a measure of our liquidity, or an indication of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to make cash distributions. In addition, our methodology for calculating distributable earnings may differ from the methodologies employed by other companies to calculate the same or similar supplemental performance measures, and accordingly, our reported distributable earnings may not be comparable to similar metrics reported by other companies.

Reconciliation of our GAAP Net Income to Distributable Earnings

We have calculated our distributable earnings and provided a reconciliation of our GAAP net income to distributable earnings for the three months and year ended December 31, 2023 and 2022 in the tables below.

 

 

For the Three Months Ended December 31, 2023

 

For the Three Months Ended December 31, 2022

 

 

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

$

 

per share

 

$

 

per share

Net income attributable to controlling stockholders (1)

 

$

89,762

 

 

$

0.74

 

$

(19,928

)

 

$

(0.22

)

Distributable earnings adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reverse GAAP (income) loss from equity method investments

 

 

(113,545

)

 

 

 

 

27,241

 

 

 

Add equity method investments earnings

 

 

43,304

 

 

 

 

 

32,802

 

 

 

Equity-based expense

 

 

3,409

 

 

 

 

 

2,108

 

 

 

Provision for loss on receivables

 

 

(649

)

 

 

 

 

6,576

 

 

 

Amortization of intangibles

 

 

213

 

 

 

 

 

768

 

 

 

Non-cash provision (benefit) for taxes

 

 

36,920

 

 

 

 

 

(6,412

)

 

 

Current year earnings attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

1,228

 

 

 

 

 

(268

)

 

 

Distributable earnings (2)

 

$

60,642

 

 

$

0.53

 

$

42,887

 

 

$

0.47

 

(1)

The per share amounts represent GAAP diluted earnings per share and is the most comparable GAAP measure to our distributable earnings per share.

(2)

Distributable earnings per share for the three months ended December, 2023 and 2022, are based on 113,847,831 shares and 91,536,442 shares outstanding, respectively, which represents the weighted average number of fully-diluted shares outstanding including our restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, long-term incentive plan units, and the non-controlling interest in our operating partnership. We include any potential common stock issuances related to share based compensation units in the amount we believe is reasonably certain to vest. As it relates to convertible or exchangeable notes, we will assess the market characteristics around the instrument to determine if it is more akin to debt or equity based on an expectation of the likelihood of conversion based on current conditions. If the instrument is more debt-like then we will include any related interest expense and exclude the underlying shares issuable upon conversion of the instrument. If the instrument is more equity-like and is more dilutive when treated as equity then we will exclude any related interest expense and include the weighted average shares underlying the instrument. We will consider the impact of any capped calls in assessing whether an instrument is equity-like or debt like.

 

 

Year Ended December 31, 2023

 

Year Ended December 31, 2022

 

 

(dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

 

$

 

per share

 

$

 

per share

Net income attributable to controlling stockholders (1)

 

$

148,836

 

 

$

1.42

 

$

41,502

 

 

$

0.47

Distributable earnings adjustments:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reverse GAAP (income) loss from equity method investments

 

 

(140,974

)

 

 

 

 

(31,291

)

 

 

Add equity method investments earnings

 

 

156,757

 

 

 

 

 

131,762

 

 

 

Equity-based expense

 

 

19,782

 

 

 

 

 

20,101

 

 

 

Provision for loss on receivables (2)

 

 

11,832

 

 

 

 

 

12,798

 

 

 

Amortization of intangibles

 

 

2,473

 

 

 

 

 

3,129

 

 

 

Non-cash provision (benefit) for taxes

 

 

31,621

 

 

 

 

 

7,381

 

 

 

Current year earnings attributable to non-controlling interest

 

 

1,921

 

 

 

 

 

409

 

 

 

Distributable earnings (3)

 

$

232,248

 

 

$

2.23

 

$

185,791

 

 

$

2.08

(1)

The per share amounts represent GAAP diluted earnings per share and is the most comparable GAAP measure to our distributable earnings per share.

(2)

In addition to these provisions, in the second quarter of 2022 we wrote-off two commercial receivables with a combined total carrying value of approximately $8 million which represented assignments of land lease payments from two wind projects that we had originated in 2014 as a part of an acquisition of a large land portfolio. In 2017, the operator of the projects terminated the lease, at which time we filed a legal claim and placed these assets on non-accrual status. In 2019, we received a court decision indicating that the owners of the projects were within their rights under the contract terms to terminate the lease which impacts the land lease assignments to us, at which time we reserved the receivables for their full carrying amount. In the second quarter of 2022, we received a court decision indicating that our appeal was not successful, and accordingly wrote off the full amount of the receivable. We have excluded the write off from Distributable earnings due to the infrequent occurrence of credit losses as well as the unique nature of the receivables, as the assignment of land lease payments from wind projects represent a small portion of our total portfolio.

(3)

Distributable earnings per share for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, are based on 104,319,803 shares and 89,355,907 shares outstanding, respectively, which represents the weighted average number of fully-diluted shares outstanding including our restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, long-term incentive plan units, and the non-controlling interest in our operating partnership. We include any potential common stock issuances related to share based compensation units in the amount we believe is reasonably certain to vest. As it relates to convertible or exchangeable notes, we will assess the market characteristics around the instrument to determine if it is more akin to debt or equity based on an expectation of the likelihood of conversion based on current conditions. If the instrument is more debt-like then we will include any related interest expense and exclude the underlying shares issuable upon conversion of the instrument. If the instrument is more equity-like and is more dilutive when treated as equity then we will exclude any related interest expense and include the weighted average shares underlying the instrument. We will consider the impact of any capped calls in assessing whether an instrument is equity-like or debt like.

Distributable Net Investment Income

We have a portfolio of debt and equity investments in climate change solutions. We calculate distributable net investment income by adjusting GAAP-based net investment income for those distributable earnings adjustments described above which impact investment income. We believe that this measure is useful to investors as it shows the recurring income generated by our portfolio after the associated interest cost of debt financing. Our management also uses distributable net investment income in this way. Our non-GAAP distributable net investment income measure may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies. The following is a reconciliation of our GAAP-based net investment income to our distributable net investment income:

 

Three months ended December 31,

 

Year ended December 31,

 

2023

 

2022

 

2023

 

2022

 

(in thousands)

Interest income

$

62,170

 

$

36,752

 

$

207,794

 

$

134,656

Rental income

 

2,239

 

 

6,529

 

 

21,251

 

 

26,245

GAAP-based investment revenue

 

64,409

 

 

43,281

 

 

229,045

 

 

160,901

Interest expense

 

50,595

 

 

30,524

 

 

171,008

 

 

115,559

GAAP-based net investment income

 

13,814

 

 

12,757

 

 

58,037

 

 

45,342

Equity method earnings adjustment (1)

 

43,304

 

 

32,802

 

 

156,757

 

 

131,762

Amortization of real estate intangibles (2)

 

213

 

 

768

 

 

2,473

 

 

3,061

Distributable net investment income

$

57,331

 

$

46,327

 

$

217,267

 

$

180,165

(1)

Reflects adjustment for equity method investments described above.

(2)

Adds back non-cash amortization related to acquired real estate leases.

Managed Assets

As we both consolidate assets on our balance sheet and securitize assets, certain of our receivables and other assets are not reflected on our balance sheet where we may have a residual interest in the performance of the investment, such as servicing rights or a retained interest in cash flows. Thus, we present our investments on a non-GAAP “managed” basis, which assumes that securitized receivables are not sold. We believe that our Managed Asset information is useful to investors because it portrays the amount of both on- and off-balance sheet receivables that we manage, which enables investors to understand and evaluate the credit performance associated with our portfolio of receivables, investments, and residual assets in securitized receivables. Our non-GAAP Managed Assets measure may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.

The following is a reconciliation of our GAAP-based Portfolio to our Managed Assets as of December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022:

 

As of

 

December 31, 2023

 

December 31, 2022

 

(dollars in millions)

Equity method investments

$

2,966

 

$

1,870

Commercial receivables, net of allowance

 

2,983

 

 

1,887

Government receivables

 

91

 

 

103

Receivables held-for-sale

 

35

 

 

85

Real estate

 

111

 

 

353

Investments

 

7

 

 

10

GAAP-Based Portfolio

 

6,193

 

 

4,308

Assets held in securitization trusts

 

6,060

 

 

5,486

Managed assets

$

12,253

 

$

9,794

 

Investor Contact:

Neha Gaddam investors@hasi.com 410-571-6189

Media Contact:

Gil Jenkins media@hasi.com 443-321-5753

Source: Hannon Armstrong Sustainable Infrastructure Capital, Inc.

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