Greenbrier Reports Second Quarter Results

Published

GAAP EPS of $1.03

New railcar orders of 5,900 units valued at nearly $690 million

Mid-teen gross margin at 14%

LAKE OSWEGO, Ore., April 5, 2024 /PRNewswire/ -- The Greenbrier Companies, Inc. (NYSE: GBX) ("Greenbrier"), a leading international supplier of equipment and services to global freight transportation markets, today reported financial results for its second fiscal quarter ended February 29, 2024.

Second Quarter Highlights

  • Grew lease fleet by 500 units to 14,600 units with steady lease fleet utilization of nearly 99%.
  • Obtained new railcar orders for 5,900 units valued at nearly $690 million and delivered 5,600 units, resulting in new railcar backlog of 29,200 units with an estimated value of $3.6 billion.
  • Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier for the quarter were $33 million, or $1.03 per diluted share, on revenue of $863 million.
  • EBITDA for the quarter was $95 million, or 11% of revenue.
  • Retired remaining $48 million of 2024 convertible notes using cash.
  • Board declared a quarterly dividend of $0.30 per share, payable on May 14, 2024 to shareholders of record as of April 23, 2024 representing Greenbrier's 40th consecutive quarterly dividend.

"Greenbrier achieved consolidated gross margin in the mid-teens for the second consecutive quarter as strong momentum continued across our business," said Lorie L. Tekorius, CEO and President. "Greenbrier's broad product lineup, extensive market relationships, supportive customer experience, and deep commercial origination capabilities combine to create our unique leadership position and enable ongoing success. These factors provide revenue visibility while supporting our profitable leasing business, which is growing through the disciplined investment in our leased railcar fleet and robust lease renewals. We remain pleased with the pace of progress on our strategic goals. As a result, we expect sustained financial performance during periods of healthy market demand and more stable performance at higher levels when markets are less favorable."

Business Update & Outlook

Based on current trends and production schedules, Greenbrier is updating guidance for fiscal 2024:

  • Deliveries of 23,500 – 25,000 units, including approximately 1,400 units in Brazil
  • Revenue of $3.5$3.7 billion
  • Capital expenditures of approximately $140 million in Manufacturing and $15 million in Maintenance Services
  • Gross leasing investment of approximately $350 million in Leasing & Management Services, which includes 2024 capital expenditures and transfers of railcars into the lease fleet that were manufactured and subsequently held on the balance sheet in 2023
  • Proceeds from equipment sales are expected to be approximately $75 million

Financial Summary 

Q2 FY24

Q1 FY24

Sequential Comparison – Main Drivers

Revenue

$862.7M

$808.8M

Benefit of product mix in Manufacturing

Gross margin

$122.2M

$121.3M

Strong operating performance inManufacturing and Leasing & Management Services partially offset bylower wheelset volumes in Maintenance Services due to mild winter weather

Gross margin %

14.2 %

15.0 %

Selling and administrative expense

$63.6M

$56.3M

Primarily attributable to increasedemployee-related costs including performance-based compensationexpense

Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

$4.0M

$1.5M

Higher earnings from Brazil JVs

EBITDA(1)

$95.0M

$93.2M

Sustained effective operatingperformance

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

$33.4M

$31.2M

Diluted EPS

$1.03

$0.96

(1)  See reconciliation at conclusion of Supplemental Information.

Segment Summary

Q2 FY24

Q1 FY24

Sequential Comparison – Main Drivers

Manufacturing

  Revenue

$735.8M

$675.9M

Primarily product mix in North America

  Gross margin %

10.8 %

11.1 %

Largely consistent with prior quarter

  Earnings from operations

$58.8M

$54.3M

Strong revenue performance

  Operating margin % (1)

8.0 %

8.0 %

  Deliveries (2)

5,300

5,200

Maintenance Services

  Revenue

$75.2M

$83.8M

Mild winter weather reduced wheelset and component volumes

  Gross margin %

8.0 %

14.6 %

Lower volumes impacted operating efficiency

  Earnings from operations

$4.6M

$10.6M

  Operating margin % (1)

6.1 %

12.6 %

Leasing & Management Services

  Revenue

$51.7M

$49.1M

Growth of lease fleet and benefit from higher lease rates

  Gross margin %

70.8 %

69.5 %

  Earnings from operations

$33.2M

$26.3M

Increased fleet income and gains through continuous leasefleet optimization

  Operating margin % (1)

64.2 %

53.6 %

  Owned fleet (units)

14,600

14,100

Maintaining disciplined portfolio construction

  Fleet utilization

98.5 %

98.2 %

(1)     See supplemental segment information in Supplemental Information.

(2)     Excludes Brazil deliveries which are not consolidated into Manufacturing revenue and margins.

Conference Call

Greenbrier will host a teleconference to discuss its second quarter 2024 results. In conjunction with this news release, Greenbrier has posted a supplemental earnings presentation to our website. Teleconference details are as follows:

  • April 5, 2024
  • 8:00 a.m. Pacific Daylight Time
  • Phone: 1-888-317-6003 (Toll Free), 1-412-317-6061 (International), Entry Number "3120264"
  • Real-time Audio Access: ("Newsroom" at http://www.gbrx.com)
  • Please access the site 10-15 minutes prior to the start time.

About Greenbrier

Greenbrier, headquartered in Lake Oswego, Oregon, is a leading international supplier of equipment and services to global freight transportation markets. Through its wholly-owned subsidiaries and joint ventures, Greenbrier designs, builds and markets freight railcars in North America, Europe and Brazil. We are a leading provider of freight railcar wheel services, parts, maintenance and retrofitting services in North America through our maintenance services business unit. Greenbrier owns a lease fleet of approximately 14,600 railcars that originate primarily from Greenbrier's manufacturing operations. Greenbrier offers railcar management, regulatory compliance services and leasing services to railroads and other railcar owners in North America. Learn more about Greenbrier at www.gbrx.com.

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets(In millions, unaudited)

February 29, 2024

November 30, 2023

August 312023

May 312023

February 282023

Assets

   Cash and cash equivalents

$             252.0

$             307.3

$          281.7

$          321.4

$             379.9

   Restricted cash

20.0

14.0

21.0

20.1

19.7

   Accounts receivable, net 

519.1

458.7

529.9

533.6

571.5

   Income tax receivable   

20.9

10.5

42.2

29.8

22.4

   Inventories

827.0

883.6

823.6

888.0

910.6

   Leased railcars for syndication

134.4

159.8

187.4

119.4

102.5

   Equipment on operating leases, net

1,160.5

1,095.8

1,000.0

941.0

891.8

   Property, plant and equipment, net

636.1

618.1

619.2

600.4

618.4

   Investment in unconsolidated affiliates

90.0

89.4

88.7

86.4

83.4

   Intangibles and other assets, net

255.6

248.9

255.8

253.3

224.0

   Goodwill

128.0

128.6

128.9

128.3

128.3

$          4,043.6

$          4,014.7

$       3,978.4

$       3,921.7

$          3,952.5

Liabilities and Equity

   Revolving notes

$             300.8

$             279.4

$          297.1

$          280.0

$             310.3

   Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

649.3

640.9

743.5

741.6

722.6

   Deferred income taxes

79.7

85.2

114.1

88.3

70.2

   Deferred revenue

81.5

42.2

46.2

56.6

73.0

   Notes payable, net

1,421.8

1,479.4

1,311.7

1,320.3

1,327.0

Contingently redeemable noncontrolling      interest

 

56.0

 

56.5

 

55.6

 

54.1

 

27.5

   Total equity – Greenbrier

1,299.9

1,274.0

1,254.6

1,232.7

1,277.3

   Noncontrolling interest

154.6

157.1

155.6

148.1

144.6

   Total equity

1,454.5

1,431.1

1,410.2

1,380.8

1,421.9

$          4,043.6

$          4,014.7

$       3,978.4

$       3,921.7

$          3,952.5

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Income(In millions, except number of shares which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts, unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

February 29, 2024

February 28, 2023

February 29, 2024

February 28, 2023

Revenue

        Manufacturing

$              735.8

$              968.6

$           1,411.7

$           1,615.1

        Maintenance Services

75.2

98.0

159.0

183.5

        Leasing & Management Services

51.7

55.4

100.8

89.9

862.7

1,122.0

1,671.5

1,888.5

Cost of revenue

        Manufacturing

656.2

901.2

1,257.1

1,505.7

        Maintenance Services

69.2

89.6

140.8

169.2

        Leasing & Management Services

15.1

14.4

30.1

27.3

740.5

1,005.2

1,428.0

1,702.2

Margin

122.2

116.8

243.5

186.3

Selling and administrative expense

63.6

59.0

119.9

112.4

Net gain on disposition of equipment

(4.9)

(9.6)

(4.8)

(12.9)

Impairment of long-lived assets

-

-

-

24.2

Earnings from operations

63.5

67.4

128.4

62.6

Other costs

Interest and foreign exchange

24.6

21.6

47.8

41.2

Earnings before income tax and earnings from      unconsolidated affiliates

38.9

 

45.8

 

80.6

 

21.4

Income tax expense

(9.3)

(11.9)

(19.3)

(8.1)

Earnings before earnings from unconsolidated      affiliates

 

29.6

                       

33.9

 

61.3

                       

13.3

Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

4.0

2.9

5.5

6.2

Net earnings

33.6

36.8

 

66.8

19.5

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interest

(0.2)

(3.7)

(2.2)

(3.1)

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

$                33.4

$                33.1

$                64.6

$                16.4

Basic earnings per common share:

$                1.08

$                 1.01

$                2.08

$                 0.50

Diluted earnings per common share:

$                1.03

$                 0.97

$                1.99

$                 0.49

Weighted average common shares:

Basic

31,117

32,588

31,071

32,654

Diluted

32,570

34,400

32,676

33,654

Dividends per common share

$                0.30

$                 0.27

$                0.60

$                  0.54

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows(In millions, unaudited) 

Six Months Ended

February 29, 2024

February 28, 2023

Cash flows from operating activities

Net earnings

$                        66.8

$                   19.5

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by

(used in) operating activities:

      Deferred income taxes

(35.5)

(33.9)

      Depreciation and amortization

54.3

52.9

      Net gain on disposition of equipment

(4.8)

(12.9)

      Stock based compensation expense

8.1

5.9

 Impairment of long-lived assets

-

24.2

     Noncontrolling interest adjustments

1.6

2.3

      Other

2.0

1.9

      Decrease (increase) in assets:

          Accounts receivable, net

12.2

(57.8)

         Income tax receivable

21.3

17.4

          Inventories

(8.4)

(90.4)

          Leased railcars for syndication

(6.7)

(40.1)

          Other assets

2.5

(12.8)

      Increase (decrease) in liabilities:

          Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

(93.8)

(9.7)

          Deferred revenue

34.8

37.1

    Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

54.4

(96.4)

Cash flows from investing activities

    Proceeds from sales of assets

25.9

62.1

    Capital expenditures

(190.5)

(169.7)

   Investments in and advances to / repayments from unconsolidated    affiliates

 

-

 

(3.5)

   Cash distribution from unconsolidated affiliates and other

1.5

5.9

    Net cash used in investing activities

(163.1)

(105.2)

Cash flows from financing activities

    Net change in revolving notes with maturities of 90 days or less

28.5

(64.4)

    Proceeds from revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

114.5

220.0

   Repayments of revolving notes with maturities longer than 90 days

(140.2)

(145.0)

   Proceeds from issuance of notes payable

178.6

75.0

   Repayments of notes payable

(68.2)

(18.2)

   Debt issuance costs

(2.9)

(0.2)

   Repurchase of stock

(1.3)

(16.7)

   Dividends

(19.7)

(18.1)

   Cash distribution to joint venture partner

(4.4)

(6.4)

   Tax payments for net share settlement of restricted stock

(5.2)

(2.3)

   Net cash provided by financing activities

79.7

23.7

   Effect of exchange rate changes

(1.7)

18.4

   Decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash

(30.7)

(159.5)

Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

   Beginning of period

302.7

559.1

   End of period

$                      272.0

$                399.6

Balance Sheet Reconciliation:

   Cash and cash equivalents

$                      252.0

$                379.9

   Restricted cash 

20.0

19.7

   Total cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash

$                      272.0

$                399.6

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Supplemental Leasing Information(In millions, except owned fleet, unaudited)

Greenbrier's leasing strategy provides an additional "go to market" element to Greenbrier's Commercial strategy of direct sales, partnerships with operating leasing companies, and origination of leases for syndication partners as well as providing a platform for further growth at scale. Investing in leasing assets also provides a recurring stream of revenue and tax-advantaged cash flows, however in the short-term it reduces Greenbrier's Manufacturing revenue and margin as a result of deferring revenue recognition.

During the April 2023 Investor Day, Greenbrier provided a long-term target to more than double recurring revenue from leasing and management fees by investing up to $300 million net annually for the next five years. Recurring revenue is defined as Leasing & Management Services revenue excluding the impact of syndication transactions.

Key information for the Leasing & Management Services segment:

Three Months Ended

Greenbrier Lease Fleet (Units)(1)

February 29, 2024

November 30, 2023

Beginning balance

14,100

13,400

   Railcars added

2,400

1,800

   Railcars sold / scrapped

(1,900)

(1,100)

Ending balance

14,600

14,100

February 29, 2024

November 302023

Equipment on operating lease(2)

$                1,160.5

$              1,095.8

Non-recourse warehouse

$                     89.2

$                   65.1

ABS non-recourse notes

479.4

483.3

Non-recourse term loan

326.6

329.7

Total Leasing non-recourse debt

$                   895.2

$                 878.1

Fleet leverage %(3)(4)

77 %

80 %

(1)

Owned fleet includes Leased railcars for syndication

(2)

Equipment on operating lease assets not securing Leasing non-recourse term loan support the $600 million U.S. revolver

(3)

Total Leasing non-recourse debt / Equipment on operating lease

(4)

Fleet assets are leveraged at Fair Market Value based on independent appraisals while they are shown at net book value on Greenbrier's Consolidated Balance Sheet

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Supplemental Information(In millions, except per share amounts, unaudited)

Operating Results by Quarter for Fiscal 2024 are as follows:

First

Second

     Total

Revenue

   Manufacturing

$          675.9

$          735.8

$           1,411.7

   Maintenance Services

83.8

75.2

159.0

   Leasing & Management Services

49.1

51.7

100.8

808.8

862.7

1,671.5

Cost of revenue

   Manufacturing

600.9

656.2

1,257.1

   Maintenance Services

71.6

69.2

140.8

   Leasing & Management Services

15.0

15.1

30.1

687.5

740.5

1,428.0

Margin

121.3

122.2

243.5

Selling and administrative expense

56.3

63.6

119.9

Net loss (gain) on disposition of equipment

0.1

(4.9)

(4.8)

Earnings from operations

64.9

63.5

128.4

Other costs

Interest and foreign exchange

23.2

24.6

47.8

Earnings before income tax and earnings from      unconsolidated affiliates

 

41.7

38.9

80.6

Income tax expense

(10.0)

(9.3)

(19.3)

Earnings before earnings from unconsolidated      affiliates

 

31.7

29.6

61.3

Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

1.5

4.0

5.5

Net earnings

33.2

33.6

66.8

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling      interest

(2.0)

(0.2)

(2.2)

Net earnings attributable to Greenbrier

$            31.2

$            33.4

$               64.6

Basic earnings per common share (1)

$            1.00

$            1.08

$               2.08

Diluted earnings per common share (1)

$            0.96

$            1.03

$               1.99

Dividends per common share

$            0.30

$            0.30

$               0.60

(1) Quarterly amounts may not total to the year-to-date amount as each period is calculated discretely. 

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Supplemental Information(In millions, except per share amounts, unaudited)

Operating Results by Quarter for Fiscal 2023 are as follows:

First

Second

Third

Fourth

     Total

Revenue

   Manufacturing

$         646.5

$         968.6

$         870.2

$         872.4

$         3,357.7

   Maintenance Services

85.5

98.0

122.9

100.0

406.4

   Leasing & Management Services

34.5

55.4

45.0

45.0

179.9

766.5

1,122.0

1,038.1

1,017.4

3,944.0

Cost of revenue

   Manufacturing

604.5

901.2

786.5

791.2

3,083.4

   Maintenance Services

79.6

89.6

109.8

85.0

364.0

   Leasing & Management Services

12.9

14.4

13.7

14.5

55.5

697.0

1,005.2

910.0

890.7

3,502.9

Margin

69.5

116.8

128.1

126.7

441.1

Selling and administrative expense

53.4

59.0

63.3

59.6

235.3

Net gain on disposition of equipment

(3.3)

(9.6)

(2.3)

(2.1)

(17.3)

Asset impairment, disposal, and exit costs, net

24.2

-

16.4

6.1

46.7

Earnings (loss) from operations

(4.8)

67.4

50.7

63.1

176.4

Other costs

Interest and foreign exchange

19.6

21.6

22.8

21.4

85.4

Earnings (loss) before income tax and earnings      from unconsolidated affiliates

(24.4)

45.8

27.9

41.7

91.0

Income tax (expense) benefit

3.8

(11.9)

(3.6)

(12.9)

(24.6)

Earnings (loss) before earnings from      unconsolidated affiliates

(20.6)

33.9

24.3

28.8

66.4

Earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

3.3

2.9

2.4

0.6

9.2

Net earnings (loss)

(17.3)

36.8

26.7

29.4

75.6

Net (earnings) loss attributable to      noncontrolling interest

0.6

(3.7)

(5.4)

 

)

(4.6)

 

)

(13.1)

Net earnings (loss) attributable to      Greenbrier

$          (16.7)

$           33.1

$           21.3

$           24.8

$              62.5

Basic earnings (loss) per common share (1)

$          (0.51)

$           1.01

$           0.67

$           0.80

$              1.95

Diluted earnings (loss) per common share (1)

$          (0.51)

$           0.97

$           0.64

$           0.77

$             1.89

Dividends per common share

$           0.27

$           0.27

$           0.27

$           0.30

$             1.11

(1)   Quarterly amounts may not total to the year-to-date amount as each period is calculated discretely. 

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Supplemental Information (In millions, unaudited)

Segment Information

Three months ended February 29, 2024:

Revenue

Earnings (loss) from operations

External

Intersegment

  Total

External

Intersegment

Total

Manufacturing

$        735.8

$                61.5

$        797.3

$           58.8

$                  3.7

$            62.5

Maintenance Services

75.2

9.1

84.3

4.6

4.6

Leasing & Management Services

51.7

0.3

52.0

33.2

0.1

33.3

Eliminations

(70.9)

(70.9)

(3.8)

(3.8)

Corporate

(33.1)

(33.1)

$        862.7

$                     –

$        862.7

$           63.5

$                     –

$            63.5

 

Three months ended November 30, 2023:

Revenue

Earnings (loss) from operations

External

Intersegment

  Total

External

Intersegment

Total

Manufacturing

$       675.9

$                58.5

$        734.4

$           54.3

$                  4.7

$            59.0

Maintenance Services

83.8

9.2

93.0

10.6

10.6

Leasing & Management Services

49.1

0.2

49.3

26.3

26.3

Eliminations

(67.9)

(67.9)

(4.7)

(4.7)

Corporate

(26.3)

(26.3)

$       808.8

$                     –

$        808.8

$           64.9

$                     –

$            64.9

 

Total assets

February 29, 2024

November 30, 2023  

Manufacturing

$                  1,814.5

$                   1,799.3

Maintenance Services

309.5

311.3

Leasing & Management Services

1,592.2

1,537.6

Unallocated, including cash

327.4

366.5

$                  4,043.6

$                   4,014.7

 

Backlog and Delivery Information(Unaudited)   

Three MonthsEnded

February 29, 2024

Backlog Activity (units) (1)

Beginning backlog

29,700

Orders received

5,900

Production held on the Balance Sheet

(2,200)

Production sold to third parties

(4,200)

Ending backlog

29,200

Delivery Information (units) (1)

Direct sales

4,200

Sale of Leased railcars for syndication

1,400

Total deliveries

5,600

(1)       Includes Greenbrier-Maxion, our Brazilian railcar manufacturer, which is accounted for under the equity method

 

THE GREENBRIER COMPANIES, INC.

Supplemental Information(In millions, unaudited)

Reconciliation of Net earnings to EBITDA

Three Months Ended

February 29,

2024

November 30,

2023

Net earnings

$                 33.6

$                 33.2

Interest and foreign exchange

24.6

23.2

Income tax expense

9.3

10.0

Depreciation and amortization

27.5

26.8

EBITDA

$                 95.0

$                 93.2

 

Debt Summary

Three Months Ended

February 29,

2024

November 30,

2023

Total Leasing non-recourse debt

$               895.2

$               878.1

Total other debt

846.0

900.2

1,741.2

1,778.3

Debt discount and issuance costs

(18.6)

(19.5)

Total consolidated debt

$            1,722.6

$            1,758.8

Forward-Looking Statements 

This press release may contain forward-looking statements, including statements that are not purely statements of historical fact. Greenbrier uses words, and variations of words, such as "approximately," "are" "backlog," "believe," "continue," "demand," "drive," "enhance," "estimate," "expect," "grow," "momentum," "ongoing," "optimistic," "progress," "provide," "position," "recurring," "strategy," "strong" "target," "will," and similar expressions to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements about backlog and other orders, leasing performance, financing, future liquidity, cash flow, tax treatment, and other information regarding future performance and strategies and appear throughout this press release. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such a difference include, but are not limited to, the following: an economic downturn and economic uncertainty; inflation (including rising energy prices, interest rates, wages and other escalators) and policy reactions thereto (including actions by central banks); disruptions in the supply of materials and components used in the production of our products; the war in Ukraine and related events; and the COVID-19 pandemic, variants thereof, governmental reaction thereto, and related economic disruptions (including, among other factors, operations and supply disruptions and labor shortages). Our backlog of railcar units and other orders not included in backlog are not necessarily indicative of future results of operations. Certain orders in backlog are subject to customary documentation which may not occur. More information on potential factors that could cause our results to differ from our forward-looking statements is included in the Company's filings with the SEC, including in the "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" sections of the Company's most recently filed periodic report on Form 10-K and subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q. Except as otherwise required by law, the Company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements or information, which speak as of their respective dates. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which reflect management's opinions only as of the date hereof.

Financial Metric Definitions

EBITDA is not a financial measure under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). This metric is a performance measurement tool used by rail supply companies and Greenbrier. You should not consider this metric in isolation or as a substitute for other financial statement data determined in accordance with GAAP. In addition, because this metric is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and is susceptible to varying calculations, the measure presented may differ from and may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.

We define EBITDA as Net earnings before Interest and foreign exchange, Income tax expense, Depreciation and amortization. We believe the presentation of EBITDA provides useful information as it excludes the impact of financing, foreign exchange, income taxes and the accounting effects of capital spending.  These items may vary for different companies for reasons unrelated to the overall operating performance of a company's core business. We believe this assists in comparing our performance across reporting periods.

Cision View original content:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/greenbrier-reports-second-quarter-results-302108931.html

SOURCE The Greenbrier Companies, Inc.

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