Fortuna Reports Results for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023

Published

(All amounts expressed in US dollars, tabular amounts in millions, unless otherwise stated)

VANCOUVER, British Columbia, March 06, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Fortuna Silver Mines Inc. (NYSE: FSM) (TSX: FVI) (“Fortuna” or the “Company”) today reported its financial and operating results for the fourth quarter and full year 2023.

Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 highlights

Financial

  • Attributable net loss for the quarter of $92.3 million or $0.30 per share after non-cash impairment charges of $90.6 million in Q4 2023, totaling an attributable net loss of $50.8 million for the full year 2023
  • Attributable adjusted net income1 of $20.6 million or $0.07 per share in Q4 2023, totaling $64.9 million, or $0.22 per share for the full year 2023
  • Net cash generated by operations for the quarter was $105.1 million or $0.36 per share in Q4 2023, totaling $296.3 million or $ 1.0 per share for the full year 2023
  • Free cash flow from ongoing operations1 of $66.2 million in Q4 2023; totaling $153.5 million for the full year 2023
  • The Company repaid $41.0 million of its corporate credit facility in the fourth quarter and the total net debt1 at year end stands at $83.0 million. An additional payment of $25.0 million was made subsequent to year end.
  • Liquidity as at December 31, 2023 was $213.1 million

Operational

  • Record gold equivalent production of 136,154 ounces3 in Q4 2023 and record annual gold equivalent production of 452,389 ounces3; representing increases of 6 and 13 percent compared to the respective periods in 2022
  • Record gold production of 107,376 ounces in Q4 2023 and 326,638 ounces for the full year 2023
  • Silver production of 1,354,003 ounces in Q4 2023 and 5,883,691 ounces for the full year 2023
  • Consolidated cash cost per gold equivalent ounce1 of $840 in Q4 2023 and $874 for the full year 2023
  • Consolidated AISC per gold equivalent ounce1 of $1,509 for Q4 2023 and $1,508 for the full year 2023
  • Continuous trend of improvement in annual safety performance across the business with a Total Recordable Injury Frequency Rate (TRIFR) of 1.22, and a Lost Time Injury Frequency Rate (LTIFR) of 0.36, compared to 2.32 and 0.39 in 2022

Growth and Development

  • During the fourth quarter of 2023 the Company initiated a 45,000-meter drill program at its newly acquired Diamba Sud project in Senegal. Subject to results the Company plans to produce a Preliminary Economic Assessment by the end of 2024
  • At the end of December 2023, the Séguéla Mine processing facility was performing 26% above name plate capacity. For 2024 management has identified opportunities to further optimize and debottleneck throughput.
1 Refer to Non-IFRS financial measures
2 AISC/oz Ag Eq calculated at realized metal prices, refer to mine site results for realized prices and Non-IFRS Financial Measures for silver equivalent ratio
3 Gold equivalent production includes gold, silver, lead and zinc and is calculated using the following metal prices: $1,802/oz Au, $21.75/oz Ag, $2,161/t Pb and $3,468/t Zn or Au:Ag = 1:82.89, Au:Pb = 1:0.83, Au:Zn = 1:0.52  
 

Jorge A. Ganoza, President and CEO, commented, “In the fourth quarter Fortuna delivered strong free cash-flow from ongoing operations of $65 million compared to $70 million in the third quarter. The Company also achieved record gold equivalent production of 136,154 ounces and record sales of $265.3 million, representing increases of 6% and 9% respectively compared to Q3.” Mr. Ganoza added, “Fourth quarter net earnings were impacted by non-cash write-downs and the remaining short life of reserves at San Jose, where we have recorded a non-cash impairment charge of $90.6 million. At San Jose our exploration continues pursuing the discovery of new resources with the aim of extending production beyond 2024.”

Mr. Ganoza continued, “Fortuna had a strong close to 2023, with record annual gold production exceeding guidance and silver falling short by 7%. Gold equivalent production increased 13% to a record 452,389 gold equivalent ounces compared to 2022, and we have guided further growth in 2024. Record annual sales of $842.4 million were 24% above 2022. All our mines met or improved site AISC guidance for the year with the only exception being the San Jose Mine, which is operating on the tail end of reserves and had to contest with an illegal blockade at the beginning of the year.

Mr. Ganoza concluded, “For 2024 our capital allocation priorities continue to be centered on providing maximum balance sheet flexibility through further debt reduction, and funding of aggressive organic growth programs with approximately 200,000 meters of exploration drilling planned across the portfolio. The Diamba Sud project in Senegal and the Séguéla Mine in Côte d´Ivoire are priorities for our exploration programs during the year.”

Fourth Quarter 2023 and Full Year 2023 Consolidated Results

             
  Three months ended December 31, Years ended December 31,
(Expressed in millions) 2023  2022  % Change 2023  2022  % Change
Sales 265.3  164.7  61% 842.4  681.5  24%
Mine operating income 51.9  26.0  100% 190.0  146.8  29%
Operating loss (77.4) (173.1) 55% (0.4) (113.6) 100%
Attributable net loss (92.3) (152.8) 40% (50.8) (128.1) 60%
Attributable loss per share - basic (0.30) (0.52) 43% (0.17) (0.44) 61%
Adjusted attributable net income1 20.6  6.4  222% 64.9  41.4  57%
Adjusted EBITDA1 120.3  55.8  116% 335.1  245.5  36%
Net cash provided by operating activities 105.1  49.6  112% 296.9  194.2  53%
Free cash flow from ongoing operations1 66.2  4.4  1,405% 153.5  69.2  122%
Production cash cost ($/oz Au Eq) 840  873  (4%) 874  849  3%
All-in sustaining cash cost ($/oz Au Eq) 1,509  1,579  (4%) 1,508  1,431  5%
Capital expenditures2            
Sustaining 46.8  33.9  38% 136.1  98.1  39%
Non-sustaining3 1.8  (2.3) 178% 5.2  8.2  (37%)
Séguéla construction -  23.5  (100%) 50.0  107.7  (54%)
Brownfields 5.5  6.5  (15%) 16.1  23.3  (31%)
As at       December 31, 2023 December 31, 2022 % Change
Cash and cash equivalents   128.1  80.5  59%
Net liquidity position (excluding letters of credit)       213.1  150.5  42%
Shareholder's equity attributable to Fortuna shareholders       1,238.4  1,244.8  (1%)
1 Refer to Non-IFRS Financial Measures section at the end of this news release and to the MD&A accompanying the Company’s financial statements filed on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca for a description of the calculation of these measures.
2 Capital expenditures are presented on a cash basis 
3 Non-sustaining expenditures include greenfields exploration 
Figures may not add due to rounding 
  

Fourth Quarter 2023 Results

Attributable Net Loss and Adjusted Net IncomeAttributable net loss for the period was $92.3 million compared to an attributable net loss of $152.8 million in Q4 2022 The loss in the quarter is explained by the following items:

  • An impairment charge of $90.6 million related to the anticipated closure of the San Jose Mine in late 2024, as the updated mine plan is scheduled to exhaust Mineral Reserves by the end of the year compared to mid-2025 as previously planned
  • A write-down of materials inventory of $10.1 million at the San Jose, Yaramoko and Lindero Mines
  • A write-down of low-grade ore stockpiles of $5.4 million at the Lindero Mine
  • A $6.4 million severance provision associated with the scheduled closure of the San Jose Mine
  • A write-down of $5.9 million related to greenfield exploration projects in Mexico and Argentina

After adjusting for impairment charges and other non-recurring items, adjusted attributable net income was $20.6 million or $0.07 per share compared to $6.4 million or $0.02 per share in Q4 2022. The increase was primarily due to higher gold sales volume and higher gold prices. Higher gold sales volume was mainly due to the contribution of Séguéla in its second full quarter of production. This was combined with 7% higher sales at Yaramoko from higher processed head grade. This was partially offset by lower sales at San Jose related to lower head grades consistent with the Mineral Reserve and a reduction in mined tonnage related to operational challenges in backfilling and blasting activities. The realized gold price was $1,990 per ounce in Q4 2023 compared to $1,737 per ounce in Q4 2022.

Other items impacting the adjusted net income for the quarter compared to Q4 2022 were higher G&A of $3.3 million, mostly related to the addition of Séguéla G&A and timing of execution on certain corporate G&A items; higher foreign exchange loss of $2.4 million primarily related to 118% devaluation of the official exchange rate in Argentina as part of the measures taken by the new elected government to achieve a more sustainable real exchange rate in the short term; Other expenses of $2.7 million related to administrative penalties at Yaramoko, and a higher interest expense of $4.0 million as a result of higher interest rates and $1.4 million of interest charges capitalized in Q4 2022 vs nil in Q4 2023. This was partially offset by $12.4 million of investment income related to cross-border, Argentine pesos denominated bond trades.

Depreciation and DepletionDepreciation and depletion increased $27.1 million to $71.6 million in the fourth quarter of 2023 compared to $44.5 million in the comparable period of 2022. The increase was primarily due to an increase in ounces sold as well as higher depletion per ounce at Séguéla due to the depletion of the purchase price allocation from the Roxgold acquisition of $17.1 million.

Adjusted EBITDA and Cash FlowAdjusted EBITDA for the quarter was $120.3 million, a margin of 45% over sales, compared to $55.8 million and margin over sales of 34%, reported in the same period in 2022. The main driver for the increase in EBITDA was the contribution from Séguéla with EBITDA margin of 73% in Q4 2023, combined with higher EBITDA from Yaramoko related to higher gold output. In addition, adjusted EBITDA reflects the positive impact from the inclusion of $12.4 million of investment income at our Argentine operations. The trade associated with the investment income was a one-off event executed under a time limited waiver granted by the government of Argentina in Q4 to allow exporters a partial recovery of economic losses incurred from the accumulated lag of the nominal exchange rate with respect to inflation.

Net cash generated by operations for the quarter was $105.1 million or $0.34 per share compared to $49.6 million or $0.17 per share in Q4 2022. The increase of $54.8 million reflects higher EBITDA of $61.8 million.

Free cash flow from ongoing operations for the quarter was $66.2 million compared to $4.4 million in Q4 2022. The increase reflects higher net cash generated by operations.

Cash cost per ounce and AISC Cash cost per gold equivalent ounce was $840, a decrease from the $873 reported in Q4 2022 as the contribution of lower cost ounces from Séguéla in Q4 2023 was offset by partially offset by higher cost per ounce at San Jose, which increased by over 64% due to lower production and higher costs year over year. This combined with higher cost per gold ounce at Lindero and Yaramoko of $120 and $131 respectively associated with lower head grades at Lindero and higher costs in Q4 2023 at Yaramoko.  AISC per gold equivalent ounce was $1,509 in Q4, slightly below the $1,579 recorded the prior year due to lower capex on a per ounce basis, partially offset by higher royalties related to the higher realized gold price.  

Full Year 2023 Results

Attributable Net Loss and Adjusted Net IncomeAttributable net loss for the year was $50.8 million, compared to an attributable net loss of $128.1 million in 2022. The loss in 2023 is explained by impairment charges of $90.6 million at the San Jose Mine explained above.

After adjusting for impairment charges and other non-recurring items, attributable adjusted net income for 2023 was $64.9 million or $0.22 per share, compared to $41.4 million or $0.14 per share in 2022. The increase was primarily due to higher gold sales volume and higher gold prices.  Higher gold sales volume was mainly due to the contribution of Séguéla in the second half of the year upon successful commissioning and ramp-up in Q2 2023, and higher sales volume at Yaramoko explained by higher processed head grades in 2023. This was partially offset by lower production at Lindero, aligned with the grade profile in the mine plan, and lower head grades and processed ore at San Jose, explained by declining head grades in reserves and the impact of the 15 day mine stoppage in Q2 and related lingering operational challenges during the year. The realized gold price was $1,948 per ounce in 2023 compared to $1,802 per ounce in 2022. 

Other items impacting the adjusted net income compared to 2022 were higher G&A of $2.7 million, mostly related to the addition of Séguéla G&A; higher foreign exchange loss of $4.6 million mostly related to the devaluation of the Argentine peso as described above; higher other expenses of $9.7 million related to $3.5 million of stand-by charges at San Jose and Yaramoko in Q2 2023, $2.8 million related to a new agreement with the worker´s union at San Jose in Q2 2023, and $3.7 million of administrative penalties at Yaramoko payable to the Ministry of Mines recorded in Q2 and Q4 2023, and a higher interest expense of $7.5 million as a result of an increased debt balance outstanding, higher interest rates and discontinued capitalized interest charges in the second half of the year. This was partially offset by $12.4 million of investment income related to cross-border, Argentine pesos denominated bond trades.

Depreciation and DepletionDepreciation and depletion for 2023 increased $46.8 million to $219.7 million compared to $172.8 million in 2022. The increase was primarily due an increase in ounces sold, the start of depletion at Séguéla, including $25.3 million related to the purchase price allocation from Roxgold, and higher depletion at Yaramoko due to declining reserves which increased the depletion rate of new capital additions underground.

Adjusted EBITDA and Free Cash FlowAdjusted EBITDA for the year was $335.1 million, a margin of 40% over sales, compared to $245.5 million reported in 2022, representing a margin of 36% over sales. The main drivers for the increase were the contribution of Séguéla with EBITDA margin of 69%, and higher production and improved margins at Yaramoko. In addition, adjusted EBITDA reflects the positive impact from the inclusion of $12.4 million of investment income at our Argentine operations as described above.

Net cash generated by operations for 2023 was $296.9 million or $1.00 per share compared to $194.2 million or $0.67 per share in 2022. The increase of $102.7 million is explained by higher EBITDA of $89.6 million combined with lower income tax paid of $16.3 million in 2023 primarily due to lower taxes paid at the San Jose Mine, no taxes paid at the Séguéla Mine in 2023 and higher repatriation withholding taxes incurred in 2022.

Free cash flow from ongoing operations for 2023 was $153.5 million compared to $69.2 million in 2022. The increase of $84.3 million reflects higher net cash generated by operations, partially offset by higher sustaining capital expenditures, including brownfields explorations. Sustaining capital expenditures on a cash basis increased by $27.6 million to $143.6 million explained by higher CAPEX at Lindero related to the leach-pad expansion and capex incurred at Séguéla in the second half of 2023.

Cash cost per ounce and AISC Cash cost per equivalent gold ounce was $874, slightly above the $849 reported in 2022 as the contribution of lower cost ounces from Séguéla in the second half of 2023 was offset by higher cost per gold ounce at Lindero of $182 related mainly to lower planned head grades in 2023, and higher cost per equivalent gold ounce at San Jose of $379 explained primarily by lower processed ore and lower head grades.  

AISC per ounce of gold equivalent of $1,508 in 2023 was $77 above the $1,431 recorded the prior year due mainly to higher cash cost per gold equivalent ounce and higher capex at Lindero related to the leach pad expansion.   

Liquidity

Total liquidity available to the Company as at December 31, 2023 was $213.1 million, comprised of $128.1 million of cash and cash equivalents and $85.0 million undrawn (excluding letters of credit) on the Company’s revolving $250.0 million credit facility. Total net debt as of the end of the quarter was $83.2 million.

Subsequent to the year end the Company paid down an additional $25.0 million on its corporate credit facility, taking the outstanding debt amount to $140.0 million.

Lindero Mine, Argentina

             
   Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
      2023  2022  2023  2022
Mine Production            
Tonnes placed on the leach pad  1,556,000  1,334,509  6,005,049  5,498,064
             
Gold            
Grade (g/t)  0.63  0.80  0.64  0.81
Production (oz)  29,591  29,301  101,238  118,418
Metal sold (oz)  29,308  27,847  103,503  117,076
Realized price ($/oz)  1,993  1,732  1,942  1,803
             
Unit Costs            
Cash cost ($/oz Au)1  934  814  920  739
All-in sustaining cash cost ($/oz Au)1  1,557  1,219  1,565  1,140
             
Capital Expenditures ($000's) 2            
Sustaining  10,607  3,973  39,358  18,035
Sustaining leases  598  567  2,393  2,398
Non-sustaining  1,302    1,978  169
Brownfields    184    1,288

1 Cash cost and AISC are non-IFRS financial measures. Refer to Non-IFRS Financial Measures section at the end of this news release and to the MD&A accompanying the Company’s financial statements filed on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca for a description of the calculation of these measures.
2 Capital expenditures are presented on a cash basis.
 

In the fourth quarter of 2023, a total of 1,556,000 tonnes of ore were placed on the heap leach pad, with an average gold grade of 0.63 g/t, containing an estimated 31,665 ounces of gold. Gold production for Q4 2023 totaled 29,591 ounces. This represents a 1% increase in total ounces, from the previous quarter. Gold production was comprised of 24,977 ounces in doré bars, 4,443 ounces of gold contained in fine carbon, and 171 ounces contained in copper concentrate. Ore mined was 2.1 million tonnes, with a stripping ratio of 0.6:1. The stripping ratio in the fourth quarter was 45 percent lower than the third quarter of 2023.

For the full year 2023 gold production totaled 101,238 ounces, achieving midpoint of annual production guidance. Gold production comprised of 94,905 ounces in doré bars, 6,015 ounces in gold contained in fine carbon, and 319 ounces contained in copper concentrate. The stripping ratio for 2023 was 1.14:1, aligned with the mining plan for the year.

The cash cost per ounce of gold for the quarter ending December 31, 2023, was $934 compared to $814 in the same period of 2022. For the year ending December 31, 2023, the cash cost per ounce was $920, an increase from $739 in 2022. The increase in cash cost per ounce of gold for both the quarter and for the full year was primarily due to lower processed gold grades in accordance with the mine plan.

The all-in sustaining cash cost per gold ounce sold during Q4 2023 was $1,557, up from $1,219 in the fourth quarter of 2022. For the full year of 2023, the all-in sustaining cash cost was $1,565, compared to $1,140 in 2022. The increase both for the quarter and the year was driven by higher cash costs, along with increased sustaining capital expenditures related to the leach pad expansion. This was partially mitigated by higher copper by-product credits.

As of December 31, 2023, the leach pad expansion project is approximately 23% complete. Mobilization of the civil contractor’s personnel and equipment has advanced with earth moving activities having commenced in January. Deliveries of geomembrane and geosynthetic clay liner are on-track, with the remaining materials expected to arrive on site in the first quarter of 2024. The leach pad expansion remains on schedule for completion during the second half of 2024.

Yaramoko Mine, Burkina Faso

             
   Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
      2023     2022     2023     2022
Mine Production            
Tonnes milled   110,445  142,694   531,579  546,651
             
Gold            
Grade (g/t)   7.16  6.45   6.81  6.37
Recovery (%)   98  98   98  98
Production (oz)   28,235  26,190   117,711  106,108
Metal sold (oz)   28,229  26,250   117,676  107,433
Realized price ($/oz)   1,984  1,742   1,945  1,802
             
Unit Costs            
Cash cost ($/oz Au)1   949  818   809  840
All-in sustaining cash cost ($/oz Au)1   1,720  1,829   1,499  1,529
             
Capital Expenditures ($000's) 2            
Sustaining  12,620   18,994  49,938   45,665
Sustaining leases  1,077   1,419  4,758   5,692
Brownfields  1,261   2,855  4,917   5,873

 

1 Cash cost and AISC are non-IFRS financial measures. Refer to Non-IFRS Financial Measures section at the end of this news release and to the MD&A accompanying the Company’s financial statements filed on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca for a description of the calculation of these measures.
2 Capital expenditures are presented on a cash basis.
 

The Yaramoko Mine produced 28,235 ounces of gold in the fourth quarter of 2023 with an average gold head grade of 7.16 g/t, 8% and 11% increases when compared to the same period in 2022. Higher production was due to higher grades partially offset by lower mill throughput in the fourth quarter and a planned maintenance shutdown in December.

Gold production in 2023 totaled 117,711 ounces, achieving the higher end of the annual guidance range.

The cash cost per ounce of gold sold for the quarter ended December 31, 2023, was $949 compared to $818 in the same period in 2022. The increase for the quarter is mainly attributed to higher mining costs, particularly due to equipment, energy, and overhead expenses, but was partially offset by higher gold production. For the year ending December 31, 2023, the cash cost per ounce of gold sold was $809, a decrease from $840 in 2022. The full year decrease is mainly due to increased production and lower mining costs during prior quarters.

The all-in sustaining cash cost per gold ounce sold was $1,720 for the quarter ended December 31, 2023, compared to $1,829 in the same period of 2022. The change in the quarter was primarily due to the increased cash cost described above, increased royalties and an administrative penalty in Q4, offset by reduced capital expenditures. For the full year, the all-in sustaining cash cost per gold ounces sold was $1,499 in 2023, compared to $1,529 in 2022. The increased royalties and administrative penalty costs in Q4 2023 were offset by increased production and decreased costs earlier in the year.

Exploration and grade control drilling success in conjunction with underground development extended mineralization on the western side of the Zone 55 mineralized structure. This provided additional mining areas which demonstrated wider and higher-grade extensions of mineralization within and beyond the existing resource boundary.

Séguéla Mine, Côte d'Ivoire

             
   Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
      2023     2022     2023     2022
Mine Production            
Tonnes milled   387,624  -   807,617  -
Average tonnes crushed per day   4,123  -   3,282  -
             
Gold            
Grade (g/t)   3.62  -   3.42  -
Recovery (%)   95  -   94  -
Production (oz)   43,096  -   78,617  -
Metal sold (oz)   43,018  -   78,521  -
Realized price ($/oz)   1,994  -   1,963  -
             
Unit Costs            
Cash cost ($/oz Au)1   323  -   357  -
All-in sustaining cash cost ($/oz Au)1   737  -   760  -
             
Capital Expenditures ($000's) 2            
Sustaining  7,765   -  10,912   -
Sustaining leases  2,285   -  5,329   -
1 Cash cost and All-in sustaining cash cost are non-IFRS financial measures. Refer to Non-IFRS Financial Measures.
2 Capital expenditures are presented on a cash basis
 

In the fourth quarter of 2023, mined material totaled 387,624 tonnes of ore, averaging 3.62 g/t Au, and containing an estimated 43,096 ounces of gold from the Antenna Pit. Movement of waste during the quarter totaled 2,110,209 tonnes, for a strip ratio of 5.4:1. Séguéla produced 43,096 ounces of gold, a 37% increase and a 5% decrease, respectively, compared to the third quarter of 2023. The increase in gold production is directly related to the mill achieving consistently higher throughput, processing 387,624 tonnes, a 25% increase over the previous quarter.

Gold production in 2023 totaled 78,617 ounces, exceeding the higher end of the annual guidance range.

Reconciliation of tonnes, grade, and gold ounces mined for the fourth quarter from Antenna show a positive correlation when compared to the long-term reserve model with 6% higher ore tonnes mined at 16% higher grades resulting in 24% more gold ounces extracted than predicted in the model.

Process plant performance continued to improve as feed characteristics were stabilized and initial bottlenecks addressed. Recovery in the fourth quarter increased to 94.9%, ahead of feasibility study assumptions. Plant productivity also continued to improve with throughput in the fourth quarter being 186 tonnes/hour, a 20% increase on the 154 tonnes/hour nameplate capacity.

Cash cost per gold ounce sold was $323 for Q4 2023 and $357 for the full year, which was below plan and guidance, primarily due to higher production, higher head grades, lower consumable consumption, and lower service costs.

All-in sustaining cash cost per gold ounce sold was $737 for Q4 2023 and $760 for the full year, which was below plan and guidance, primarily due to lower cash cost and higher sales volume, partially offset by higher capital expenditures.

San Jose Mine, Mexico

             
   Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
      2023     2022     2023     2022
Mine Production            
Tonnes milled   241,035  259,500   930,200  1,029,590
Average tonnes milled per day   2,678  2,883   2,643  2,925
             
Silver            
Grade (g/t)   145  194   171  191
Recovery (%)   91  91   91  91
Production (oz)   1,023,525  1,473,627   4,656,631  5,762,563
Metal sold (oz)   1,040,888  1,482,452   4,659,611  5,755,330
Realized price ($/oz)   23.35  21.37   23.36  21.73
             
Gold            
Grade (g/t)   0.91  1.13   1.06  1.14
Recovery (%)   90  90   90  90
Production (oz)   6,345  8,499   28,559  34,124
Metal sold (oz)   6,406  8,621   28,524  34,201
Realized price ($/oz)   1,983  1,734   1,942  1,802
             
Unit Costs            
Production cash cost ($/t)2   103.89  86.26   98.98  81.33
Production cash cost ($/oz Ag Eq)1,2   17.57  11.16   14.40  10.56
All-in sustaining cash cost ($/oz Ag Eq)1,2   21.98  15.53   19.40  15.11
             
Capital Expenditures ($000's) 3            
Sustaining  3,190   3,695  14,018   15,731
Sustaining leases  246   169  878   658
Non-sustaining  505     1,682   869
Brownfields  1,257   961  4,215   5,606

 

1 Production cash cost silver equivalent and All-in sustaining cash cost silver equivalent are calculated using realized metal prices for each period respectively.
2 Production cash cost, Production cash cost silver equivalent, and All-in sustaining cash cost silver equivalent are Non-IFRS Financial Measures, refer to Non-IFRS Financial Measures section at the end of this news release and to the MD&A accompanying the Company’s financial statements filed on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca for a description of the calculation of these measures.
3 Capital expenditures are presented on a cash basis.
 

In the fourth quarter of 2023, San Jose produced 1,023,525 ounces of silver and 6,345 ounces of gold, 31% and 25% decreases respectively, at average head grades for silver and gold of 145 g/t and 0.91 g/t, 25% and 20% decreases respectively, when compared to the same period in 2022. The decrease in silver and gold production for the quarter is explained by the declining grade profile of Mineral Reserves in the mine plan, as well as lower tonnage extracted from the mine. The reduction in tonnage is due to operational challenges leading to delays in backfilling and blasting operations in stopes P and Q during December 2023. During the fourth quarter, the processing plant milled 241,035 tonnes at an average of 2,678 tonnes per day.

Production in 2023 totaled 4,656,631 ounces of silver and 28,559 ounces of gold, 12% and 16% below annual guidance range, respectively. The decrease in production is attributed primarily to the 15-day illegal union blockade in the second quarter, the associated disruption to operations thereafter, and a silver and gold head grade reconciliation to reserves at the lower end of guidance range.

The cash cost per silver equivalent ounce for the three months ending December 31, 2023, was $17.57, an increase from $11.16 in the same period of 2022. This increase was primarily attributed to lower head grades, as discussed above, and higher cash costs per tonne primarily related to the appreciation of the Mexican peso, higher mining contractor tariffs, and a 7% decrease in processed ore. For the year ending December 31, 2023 the cash cost per silver equivalent ounce sold was $14.40 compared to $10.56. The full year increase was driven by lower head grades, and higher cash cost per tonne, which was similarly influenced by the appreciation of the Mexican Peso and 10% lower tonnes processed.

The all-in sustaining cash cost of payable silver equivalent for the three months ended December 31, 2023 increased by 42% to $21.98 per ounce, and full year 2023 increased by 28% to $19.40 per ounce. This compares to $15.53 per ounce and $15.11 per ounce for the same periods in 2022. These increases were mainly driven by higher cash costs and lower production, slightly mitigated by lower workers' participation costs.

The decrease in Brownfields expenditures is primarily attributable to reduced drilling activity in 2023. Drilling in 2023 was however higher than initially anticipated, owing to the emergent drilling campaign at the Yessi vein, discovered in the third quarter of the year. Exploration at the Yessi vein continues.

Caylloma Mine, Peru

             
   Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
      2023     2022     2023     2022
Mine Production            
Tonnes milled   140,800  138,491   543,876  546,186
Average tonnes milled per day   1,564  1,556   1,528  1,539
             
Silver            
Grade (g/t)   88  75   85  80
Recovery (%)   83  81   83  81
Production (oz)   330,478  273,119   1,227,060  1,144,714
Metal sold (oz)   353,935  289,870   1,229,298  1,156,381
Realized price ($/oz)   23.06  21.28   23.37  21.81
             
Gold            
Grade (g/t)   0.11  0.12   0.13  0.14
Recovery (%)   21  22   22  32
Production (oz)   109  122   513  777
Metal sold (oz)       40  603
Realized price ($/oz)       1,902  1,864
             
Lead            
Grade (%)   3.84  3.22   3.74  3.27
Recovery (%)   91  89   91  88
Production (000's lbs)   10,798  8,735   40,852  34,588
Metal sold (000's lbs)   11,641  9,118   41,074  34,869
Realized price ($/lb)   0.97  0.96   0.98  0.98
             
Zinc            
Grade (%)   5.00  4.63   5.11  4.32
Recovery (%)   90  89   90  89
Production (000's lbs)   13,933  12,575   55,060  46,176
Metal sold (000's lbs)   14,407  11,027   56,166  44,770
Realized price ($/lb)   1.13  1.35   1.23  1.57
             
Unit Costs            
Production cash cost ($/t)2   100.71  95.70   100.40  92.96
Production cash cost ($/oz Ag Eq)1,2   13.67  12.46   14.28  12.34
All-in sustaining cash cost ($/oz Ag Eq)1,2   22.34  20.30   19.90  17.97
             
Capital Expenditures ($000's) 3            
Sustaining  8,635   7,188  17,903   18,694
Sustaining leases  912   845  3,538   3,350
Brownfields  966   473  2,302   1,202

 

1 Production cash cost silver equivalent and All-in sustaining cash cost silver equivalent are calculated using realized metal prices for each period respectively.
2 Production cash cost, Production cash cost silver equivalent, and All-in sustaining cash cost silver equivalent are Non-IFRS Financial Measures, refer to Non-IFRS Financial Measures section at the end of this news release and to the MD&A accompanying the Company’s financial statements filed on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca for a description of the calculation of these measures.
3 Capital expenditures are presented on a cash basis.
 

In the fourth quarter, the Caylloma Mine produced 330,478 ounces of silver at an average head grade of 88 g/t, a 21% and 17% increase, respectively, when compared to the previous quarter. Silver production for 2023 totaled 1,227,060 ounces, exceeding the upper end of annual guidance range by 10%.

Lead and zinc production for the quarter was 10.8 million pounds of lead, and 13.9 million pounds of zinc. Lead and zinc production rose by 24% and 11%, respectively, compared to the same period in 2022. Head grades averaged 3.84%, and 5.00%, a 19% and 8% increase, respectively, when compared to the previous quarter. Record lead and zinc production for 2023 totaled 40.9 and 55.1 million pounds, respectively. Increased production is the result of positive grade reconciliation to the reserve model in levels 16 and 18 of the Animas vein. Gold production for the quarter totaled 109 ounces with an average head grade of 0.11 g/t.

The cash cost per silver equivalent ounce sold for the quarter ended December 31, 2023, was $13.67 compared to $12.46 in the same period in 2022. The increase for the quarter is attributed primarily due to higher cash cost per tonne, higher treatment charges and the impact of higher silver prices on the calculation of silver equivalent ounces . For the year ended December 31, 2023, the cash cost per ounce of gold sold was $14.3, compared to $12.3 in 2022. The full year increase was driven mainly by the same factors explained above for the quarter.

The all-in sustaining cash cost per ounce of payable silver equivalent for the three months ended December 31, 2023, increased 10% to $22.34, compared to $20.30 for the same period in 2022. The all-in sustaining cash cost per ounce of payable silver equivalent for the full year 2023 increased 11% to $19.90, compared to $17.97 in 2022. The increases were mainly driven by the impact of higher silver prices on the calculation of silver equivalent ounces, higher cash costs per ounce and higher capital costs.

Underground development for the quarter was mainly focused on mine levels 15, 16, and 18. The increase in Brownfields expenditures is primarily attributable to greater meterage and additional diamond drilling.

Qualified Person

Eric Chapman, Senior Vice President of Technical Services, is a Professional Geoscientist of the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of the Province of British Columbia (Registration Number 36328), and is the Company’s Qualified Person (as defined by National Instrument 43-101). Mr. Chapman has reviewed and approved the scientific and technical information contained in this news release and has verified the underlying data.

Fourth Quarter Unaudited and Annual Audited Income Statement and Cash Flow

Income Statement

              
   Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
 Note    2023     2022     2023     2022 
Sales20 $ 265,314  $164,723  $ 842,428  $681,491 
Cost of sales21   213,462   138,683    652,403   534,695 
Mine operating income    51,852   26,040    190,025   146,796 
              
General and administration22   19,909   16,676    64,073   61,456 
Foreign exchange loss    2,430   442    10,885   8,866 
Impairment of mineral properties, plant and equipment32   90,615   182,842    90,615   182,842 
Write-off of mineral properties    5,263   372    5,985   5,874 
Other (income) expenses23   11,009   (1,186)   18,874   1,310 
     129,226   199,146    190,432   260,348 
              
Operating loss    (77,374)  (173,106)   (407)  (113,552)
              
Investment gains5   12,395       12,395   - 
Interest and finance costs, net24   (7,535)  (3,111)   (21,790)  (12,057)
(Loss) gain on derivatives20   (301)  453    (1,249)  500 
     4,559   (2,658)   (10,644)  (11,557)
              
Loss before income taxes    (72,815)  (175,764)   (11,051)  (125,109)
              
Income taxes             
Current income tax expense25   27,057   7,756    42,636   35,783 
Deferred income tax expense (recovery)25   (10,033)  (23,086)   (10,057)  (24,986)
     17,024   (15,330)   32,579   10,797 
Net loss for the year  $ (89,839) $(160,434) $ (43,630) $(135,906)
              
Net loss attributable to:             
Fortuna shareholders  $ (92,316) $(152,772) $ (50,836) $(128,132)
Non-controlling interest30   2,477   (7,662)   7,206   (7,774)
   $ (89,839) $(160,434) $ (43,630) $(135,906)
              
Loss per share19            
Basic  $ (0.30) $(0.52) $ (0.17) $(0.44)
Diluted  $ (0.30) $(0.52) $ (0.17) $(0.44)
              
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding (000's)         
Basic   306,511    291,429   295,067    291,281 
Diluted   306,511    291,429   295,067    291,281 

Statement of Cash Flow

              
   Three months ended December 31, Years ended December 31,
 Note    2023     2022  2023  2022 
              
Operating activities:             
Net loss for the year  $ (89,839)  (160,434) $ (43,630) $(135,906)
Items not involving cash             
Depletion and depreciation    71,602   44,499    219,688   172,809 
Accretion expense24   1,597   1,256    6,773   4,830 
Income taxes    17,023   (15,329)   32,579   10,797 
Interest expense, net24   5,933   1,855    15,017   7,227 
Share-based payments, net of cash settlements    2,602   2,961    2,017   (1)
Impairment of mineral properties, plant and equipment32   90,615   182,841    90,615   182,841 
Inventory net realizable value adjustments6   5,260   3,809    6,188   8,898 
Inventory obsolescence adjustments6   10,097   -    10,097   - 
Write-off of mineral properties9   5,210   372    5,985   5,874 
Unrealized foreign exchange loss    4,441   (1,911)   5,706   4,554 
Investment gains5   (12,395)  -    (12,395)  - 
Unrealized gains on derivatives    81   182    (170)  (1,194)
Other23   4,462   (239)   5,142   - 
Closure and reclamation payments16   (599)  (270)   (1,203)  (623)
Changes in working capital29   887   38    (9,737)  (18,021)
Cash provided by operating activities    116,977   59,630    332,672   242,085 
Income taxes paid    (6,271)  (7,351)   (25,872)  (42,222)
Interest paid    (6,916)  (3,366)   (13,545)  (7,465)
Interest received    1,287   660    3,654   1,851 
Net cash provided by operating activities    105,076   49,573    296,909   194,249 
              
Investing activities:             
Costs related to Chesser acquisition, net of cash acquired8   (10,260)  -    (13,321)  - 
Restricted cash    -   -      (1,911)
Additions to mineral properties and property, plant and equipment    (51,852)  (70,402)   (217,314)  (251,236)
Contractor advances on Séguéla construction    -   -    (8)  (2,186)
Purchases of investments5   (9,359)  -    (9,359)  - 
Proceeds from sale of investments5   21,754   -    21,754   - 
Other investing activities    (1,283)  -    1,364   - 
Cash used in investing activities    (51,000)  (70,402)   (216,884)  (255,333)
              
Financing activities:             
Transaction costs on credit facility14   -   -      (688)
Proceeds from credit facility14   10,000   15,000    75,500   80,000 
Repayment of credit facility14   (50,500)  -    (90,500)  (20,000)
Repurchase of common shares18   -   -      (5,929)
Issuance of common shares from option exercise    301   -    301   - 
Payments of lease obligations    (4,976)  (2,988)   (16,625)  (12,209)
Dividend payment to non-controlling interest    (87)  -    (1,392)  (2,708)
Cash (used in) provided by financing activities    (45,262)  12,012    (32,716)  38,466 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents    1,551   1,457    346   (3,986)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents during the year    10,365   (7,360)   47,655   (26,604)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of the year    117,780  $116,126    80,493   107,097 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of the year  $ 128,145  $108,766  $ 128,148  $80,493 
              
Cash and cash equivalents consist of:             
Cash  $ 106,135  $65,140  $ 106,135  $65,140 
Cash equivalents    22,013   15,353    22,013   15,353 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of the year  $ 128,148  $80,493  $ 128,148  $80,493 
Supplemental cash flow information (Note 29)             
              

Non-IFRS Financial Measures

The Company has disclosed certain financial measures and ratios in this news release which are not defined under the International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”), as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, and are not disclosed in the Company's financial statements, including but not limited to: cash cost per ounce of gold equivalent sold; all-in sustaining cash cost per ounce of gold equivalent sold; all-in cash cost per ounce of gold equivalent sold; total production cash cost per tonne; cash cost per payable ounce of silver equivalent sold; all-in sustaining cash cost per payable ounce of silver equivalent sold; all-in cash cost per payable ounce of silver equivalent sold; free cash flow from ongoing operations; adjusted net income; attributable adjusted net income; adjusted EBITDA; net debt and working capital.

These non-IFRS financial measures and non-IFRS ratios are widely reported in the mining industry as benchmarks for performance and are used by management to monitor and evaluate the Company's operating performance and ability to generate cash. The Company believes that, in addition to financial measures and ratios prepared in accordance with IFRS, certain investors use these non-IFRS financial measures and ratios to evaluate the Company’s performance. However, the measures do not have a standardized meaning under IFRS and may not be comparable to similar financial measures disclosed by other companies. Accordingly, non-IFRS financial measures and non-IFRS ratios should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures and ratios of the Company’s performance prepared in accordance with IFRS. The Company has calculated these measures consistently for all periods presented.

To facilitate a better understanding of these measures and ratios as calculated by the Company, descriptions are provided below. In addition, see “Non-IFRS Financial Measures” in the Company’s management’s discussion and analysis for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 (“2023 MD&A”), which section is incorporated by reference in this news release, for additional information regarding each non-IFRS financial measure and non-IFRS ratio disclosed in this news release, including an explanation of their composition; an explanation of how such measures and ratios provide useful information to an investor and the additional purposes, if any, for which management of Fortuna uses such measures and ratio. The 2023 MD&A may be accessed on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca under the Company’s profile, Fortuna Silver Mines Inc.

Except as otherwise described in the 2023 MD&A, the Company has calculated these measures consistently for all periods presented.

Reconciliation to Adjusted Net Income for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

            
  Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
Consolidated (in millions of US dollars) 2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net income (89.8)  (160.4)  (43.6)  (135.9)
Adjustments, net of tax:           
Community support provision and accruals1  (0.4)  (0.1)   (0.5)  (0.1)
Foreign exchange loss, Séguéla Mine2  -   (0.4)   -   0.8 
Write off of mineral properties  4.0   0.3    4.5   5.1 
Unrealized loss on derivatives  0.1   0.1    (0.3)  (0.4)
Impairment of mineral properties, plant and equipment  90.6   164.5    90.6   164.5 
Inventory adjustment  13.5   3.8    14.2   8.0 
Accretion on right of use assets  0.5   0.5    3.3   2.3 
Other non-cash/non-recurring items  4.9   (1.1)   4.4   (1.7)
Adjusted Net Income  23.4   7.2    72.6   42.6 
1 Amounts are recorded in Cost of sales           
2 Amounts are recorded in General and Administration           
Figures may not add due to rounding           

Reconciliation to Attributable Adjusted Net Income for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

            
  Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
Consolidated (in millions of US dollars) 2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net loss attributable to shareholders (92.3)  (152.8)  (50.8)  (128.1)
Adjustments, net of tax:           
Community support provision and accruals1 (0.4)  (0.1)  (0.5)  (0.1)
Foreign exchange loss, Séguéla Mine2    (0.4)     1.1 
Write off of mineral properties 4.0    0.3   4.5    5.1 
Unrealized loss (gain) on derivatives 0.1    0.1   (0.3)  (0.4)
Impairment of mineral properties, plant and equipment 90.6    155.9   90.6    155.9 
Inventory adjustment 13.2    3.8   13.9    7.6 
Accretion on right of use assets 0.5    0.5   3.1    2.3 
Other non-cash/non-recurring items 4.9    (0.9)  4.4    (2.0)
Attributable Adjusted Net Income  20.6   6.4    64.9   41.4 
1 Amounts are recorded in Cost of sales           
2 Amounts are recorded in General and Administration           
Figures may not add due to rounding           

Reconciliation to Adjusted EBITDA for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

            
  Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
Consolidated (in millions of US dollars) 2023   2022   2023   2022 
Net income  (89.8)  (160.4)   (43.6)  (135.9)
Adjustments:           
Community support provision and accruals  (0.5)  (0.1)   (0.7)  (0.1)
Inventory adjustment  15.4   3.8    16.3   8.9 
Foreign exchange loss, Séguéla Mine  -   (0.4)   0.8   0.8 
Net finance items  7.5   3.1    21.8   12.1 
Depreciation, depletion, and amortization  71.6   45.3    219.6   172.8 
Income taxes  17.0   (15.3)   32.6   10.8 
Impairment of mineral properties, plant and equipment  90.6   182.8    90.6   182.8 
Other non-cash/non-recurring items  8.5   (3.0)   (2.3)  (6.7)
Adjusted EBITDA  120.3   55.8    335.1   245.5 

Figures may not add due to rounding

Reconciliation of Free Cash Flow from ongoing operations for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

            
  Three months ended December 31,  Years ended December 31,
Consolidated (in millions of US dollars) 2023   2022   2023   2022 
            
Net cash provided by operating activities  105.1   49.6    296.9   194.2 
Adjustments           
Séguéla, working capital  -   -    4.4   - 
Additions to mineral properties, plant and equipment  (46.3)  (39.6)   (143.6)  (113.4)
Gain on blue chip swap investments  12.4   -    12.4   - 
Mexican royalty payment  -   -    -   3.0 
Other adjustments  (5.0)  (5.6)   (16.6)  (14.6)
Free cash flow from ongoing operations  66.2   4.4    153.5   69.2 

Figures may not add due to rounding

Reconciliation of Cash Cost per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

             
Cash Cost Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2023    Lindero     Yaramoko     Séguéla      San Jose     Caylloma     GEO Cash Costs 
Cost of sales 57,913  49,598  46,239  41,108  18,599  213,457 
Inventory adjustment (7,884) (3,033)   (4,407) (683) (16,007)
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (15,061) (15,345) (25,972) (11,407) (3,476) (71,261)
Royalties and taxes (3,916) (4,437) (6,364) (815) (227) (15,759)
By-product credits (4,183)         (4,183)
Right of use       219  365  584 
Other       344  (397) (53)
Production cash costs 26,869  26,783  13,903  25,042  14,181  106,778 
Inventory adjustment       (147) 683  536 
Right of use       (219) (365) (584)
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory       56  10  66 
Realized gain on diesel hedge            
Treatment and refining charges       1,505  4,241  5,746 
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 26,869  26,783  13,903  26,237  18,750  112,542 
Ounces of gold equivalent sold 28,779  28,229  43,018  17,650  16,236  133,912 
Cash cost per ounce of gold equivalent sold ($/oz) 934  949  323  1,487  1,155  840 
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,990/oz Au, $23.3/oz Ag, $2,137/t Pb, and $2,499/t Zn for Q4 2023.
 

             
Cash Cost Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2022    Lindero     Yaramoko     Séguéla     San Jose     Caylloma     GEO Cash Costs 
Cost of sales 43,057  42,084   34,775  16,676  136,592 
Inventory adjustment (312)    27  216  (69)
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (13,441) (17,884)  (10,557) (2,960) (44,842)
Royalties and taxes (3,353) (2,732)  (1,260) (181) (7,526)
By-product credits (982)        (982)
Right of use           
Other      (601) (497) (1,098)
Production cash costs 24,969  21,468   22,384  13,254  82,075 
Inventory adjustment (1,379)    (27) (216) (1,622)
Right of use           
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory      47  (120) (73)
Realized gain on diesel hedge (1,105)        (1,105)
Treatment and refining charges      947  3,128  4,075 
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 22,485  21,468   23,351  16,046  83,350 
Ounces of gold equivalent sold 27,634  26,250   25,747  15,795  95,426 
Cash cost per ounce of gold equivalent sold ($/oz) 814  818   907  1,016  873 
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,737/oz Au, $21.4/oz Ag, $2,106/t Pb, and $2,986/t Zn for Q4 2022.
 

             
Cash Cost Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2023    Lindero     Yaramoko     Séguéla      San Jose     Caylloma     GEO Cash Costs 
Cost of sales 176,696  186,757  79,472  140,068  69,408  652,401 
Inventory adjustment (10,693) (3,859)   (4,564) (576) (19,692)
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (51,258) (73,064) (40,529) (40,058) (13,390) (218,299)
Royalties and taxes (14,958) (14,678) (10,932) (4,390) (1,078) (46,036)
By-product credits (7,921)         (7,921)
Right of use       758  1,933  2,691 
Other       253  (1,692) (1,439)
Production cash costs 91,866  95,156  28,011  92,067  54,605  361,705 
Inventory adjustment 2,823      10  576  3,409 
Right of use       (758) (1,933) (2,691)
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory       30  76  106 
Realized gain on diesel hedge            
Treatment and refining charges       4,352  19,974  24,326 
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 94,689  95,156  28,011  95,701  73,298  386,855 
Ounces of gold equivalent sold 102,896  117,676  78,521  80,458  63,229  442,780 
Cash cost per ounce of gold equivalent sold ($/oz) 920  809  357  1,189  1,159  874 
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,948/oz Au, $23.4/oz Ag, $2,155/t Pb, and $2,706/t Zn for year 2023.
 

             
Cash Cost Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2022    Lindero    Yaramoko    Séguéla     San Jose    Caylloma    GEO Cash Costs
Cost of sales 164,179  171,846   129,088  67,491  532,604 
Inventory adjustment 293  (6,397)  156  48  (5,900)
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (54,644) (64,894)  (37,773) (14,108) (171,419)
Royalties and taxes (15,545) (11,630)  (5,262) (867) (33,304)
By-product credits (1,214) (25)      (1,239)
Right of use           
Other   (329)  (2,477) (1,789) (4,595)
Production cash costs 93,069  88,571   83,732  50,775  316,147 
Inventory adjustment (1,984) 1,320   (156) (48) (868)
Right of use           
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory      (2) 76  74 
Realized gain on diesel hedge (4,620)        (4,620)
Treatment and refining charges   329   3,508  15,476  19,313 
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 86,465  90,220   87,082  66,279  330,046 
Ounces of gold equivalent sold 116,950  107,433   99,439  64,952  388,774 
Cash cost per ounce of gold equivalent sold ($/oz) 739  840   876  1,020  849 
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,802/oz Au, $21.8/oz Ag, $2,161/t Pb, and $3,468/t Zn for year 2022.
 

Reconciliation of All-in Sustaining Cash Cost per Ounce of Gold Equivalent Sold for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2023

               
AISC Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2023    Lindero    Yaramoko     Séguéla     San Jose     Caylloma    Corporate    GEO AISC 
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 26,869 26,783  13,903 26,237  18,750  112,542 
Inventory net realizable value adjustment          
Royalties and taxes 3,916 4,437  6,364 815  227  15,759 
Worker's participation     (430) 399  (31)
General and administration 2,833 (336) 1,398 1,789  1,344 12,603 19,631 
Stand-by  2,700       2,700 
Total cash costs 33,618 33,584  21,665 28,411  20,720 12,603 150,601 
Sustaining capital1 11,205 14,958  10,050 4,693  10,513  51,419 
All-in sustaining costs 44,823 48,542  31,715 33,104  31,233 12,603 202,020 
Gold equivalent ounces sold 28,779 28,229  43,018 17,650  16,236  133,912 
All-in sustaining costs per ounce 1,557 1,720  737 1,876  1,924  1,509 
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,990/oz Au, $23.3/oz Ag, $2,137/t Pb, and $2,499/t Zn for Q4 2023.
1 Presented on a cash basis
               

               
AISC Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2022    Lindero    Yaramoko    Séguéla     San Jose    Caylloma    Corporate    GEO AISC
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 22,485 21,468  23,351 16,046  83,350
Inventory net realizable value adjustment 1,052      1,052
Royalties and taxes 3,353 2,732  1,260 181  7,526
Worker's participation    751 480  1,231
General and administration 2,081 531  2,319 928 10,329 16,188
Stand-by       
Total cash costs 28,971 24,731  27,681 17,635 10,329 109,347
Sustaining capital3 4,724 23,268  4,825 8,506  41,323
All-in sustaining costs 33,695 47,999  32,506 26,141 10,329 150,670
Gold equivalent ounces sold 27,634 26,250  25,747 15,795  95,426
All-in sustaining costs per ounce 1,219 1,829  1,263 1,655  1,579
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,737/oz Au, $21.4/oz Ag, $2,106/t Pb, and $2,986/t Zn for Q4 2022.
1 Presented on a cash basis
               

               
AISC Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2023    Lindero    Yaramoko    Séguéla     San Jose    Caylloma    Corporate    GEO AISC
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 94,689 95,156 28,011 95,701  73,298  386,855
Inventory net realizable value adjustment  334      334
Royalties and taxes 14,958 14,678 10,932 4,390  1,078  46,036
Worker's participation    (316) 1,927  1,611
General and administration 9,624 919 4,510 7,040  4,810 35,903 62,806
Stand-by  5,699  4,084    9,783
Total cash costs 119,271 116,786 43,453 110,899  81,113 35,903 507,425
Sustaining capital3 41,751 59,613 16,241 19,111  23,743  160,459
All-in sustaining costs 161,022 176,399 59,694 130,010  104,856 35,903 667,884
Gold equivalent ounces sold 102,896 117,676 78,521 80,458  63,229  442,780
All-in sustaining costs per ounce 1,565 1,499 760 1,616  1,658  1,508
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,948/oz Au, $23.4/oz Ag, $2,155/t Pb, and $2,706/t Zn for year 2023.
1 Presented on a cash basis
               

               
AISC Per Gold Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2022    Lindero    Yaramoko    Séguéla     San Jose    Caylloma    Corporate    GEO AISC
Cash cost applicable per gold equivalent ounce sold 86,465 90,220  87,082 66,279  330,046
Inventory net realizable value adjustment 1,052 3,125     4,177
Royalties and taxes 15,545 11,630  5,262 867  33,304
Worker's participation    3,096 2,087  5,183
General and administration 8,578 2,101  7,164 4,063 37,661 59,567
Stand-by       
Total cash costs 111,640 107,076  102,604 73,296 37,661 432,277
Sustaining capital3 21,721 57,230  21,995 23,246  124,192
All-in sustaining costs 133,361 164,306  124,599 96,542 37,661 556,469
Gold equivalent ounces sold 116,950 107,433  99,439 64,952  388,774
All-in sustaining costs per ounce 1,140 1,529  1,253 1,486  1,431
Gold equivalent was calculated using the realized prices for gold of $1,802/oz Au, $21.8/oz Ag, $2,161/t Pb, and $3,468/t Zn for year 2022.
1 Presented on a cash basis
               

Reconciliation of Production Cash Cost per Tonne and Cash Cost per Payable Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

       
Cash Cost Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2023    San Jose     Caylloma     SEO Cash Costs 
Cost of sales 41,108  18,599  59,707 
Inventory adjustment (4,407) (683) (5,090)
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (11,407) (3,476) (14,883)
Royalties and taxes (815) (227) (1,042)
By-product credits      
Right of use 219  365  584 
Other 344  (397) (53)
Production cash costs 25,042  14,181  39,223 
Total tonnes 241,035  140,800  381,835 
Production cash cost per tonne 104  101  103 
       
       
Cash Costs 25,042  14,181  39,223 
Inventory adjustment (147) 683  536 
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory 56  10  66 
Treatment and refining charges 1,505  4,241  5,746 
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent sold 26,456  19,115  45,571 
Ounces of silver equivalent sold1 1,505,763  1,398,062  2,903,825 
Cash cost per ounce of silver equivalent sold ($/oz) 17.57  13.67  15.69 
1 Silver equivalent sold for Q4 2023 for San Jose is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 84.9:1. Silver equivalent sold for Q4 2023 for Caylloma is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 0.0:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:23.8 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio of 1:20.3 pounds.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
       

       
Cash Cost Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2022    San Jose     Caylloma     SEO Cash Costs 
Cost of sales 34,775  16,676  51,451 
Inventory adjustment 27  216  243 
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (10,557) (2,960) (13,517)
Royalties and taxes (1,260) (181) (1,441)
By-product credits      
Right of use      
Other (601) (497) (1,098)
Production cash costs 22,384  13,254  35,638 
Total tonnes 259,500  138,491  397,991 
Production cash cost per tonne 86  96  90 
       
       
Cash Costs 22,384  13,254  35,638 
Inventory adjustment (27) (216) (243)
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory 47  (120) (73)
Treatment and refining charges 947  3,128  4,075 
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent sold 23,351  16,046  39,397 
Ounces of silver equivalent sold1 2,092,500  1,287,998  3,380,498 
Cash cost per ounce of silver equivalent sold ($/oz) 11.16  12.46  11.65 
1 Silver equivalent sold for San Jose for Q4 2022 is 81.2:1.Silver equivalent sold for Caylloma for Q4 2022 is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 0.0:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:22.3 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio 1:15.7.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
       

       
Cash Cost Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2023    San Jose     Caylloma     SEO Cash Costs 
Cost of sales 140,068  69,408  209,476 
Inventory adjustment (4,564) (576) (5,140)
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (40,058) (13,390) (53,448)
Royalties and taxes (4,390) (1,078) (5,468)
By-product credits      
Right of use 758  1,933  2,691 
Other 253  (1,692) (1,439)
Production cash costs 92,067  54,605  146,672 
Total tonnes 930,200  543,877  1,474,077 
Production cash cost per tonne 99  100  100 
       
       
Cash Costs 92,067  54,605  146,672 
Inventory adjustment 10  576  586 
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory 30  76  106 
Treatment and refining charges 4,352  19,974  24,326 
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent sold 96,459  75,231  171,690 
Ounces of silver equivalent sold1 6,700,419  5,269,540  11,969,959 
Cash cost per ounce of silver equivalent sold ($/oz) 14.40  14.28  14.34 
1 Silver equivalent sold for year 2023 for San Jose is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 83.1:1. Silver equivalent sold for year 2023 for Caylloma is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 81.4:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:23.9 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio of 1:19.0 pounds.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
       

       
Cash Cost Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2022    San Jose     Caylloma     SEO Cash Costs 
Cost of sales 129,088  67,491  196,579 
Inventory adjustment 156  48  204 
Depletion, depreciation, and amortization (37,773) (14,108) (51,881)
Royalties and taxes (5,262) (867) (6,129)
By-product credits      
Right of use      
Other (2,477) (1,789) (4,266)
Production cash costs 83,732  50,775  134,507 
Total tonnes 1,029,590  546,186  1,575,776 
Production cash cost per tonne 81  93  85 
       
       
Cash Costs 83,732  50,775  134,507 
Inventory adjustment (156) (48) (204)
Depletion and depreciation in concentrate inventory (2) 76  74 
Treatment and refining charges 3,508  15,476  18,984 
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent sold 87,082  66,279  153,361 
Ounces of silver equivalent sold1 8,243,436  5,372,277  13,615,713 
Cash cost per ounce of silver equivalent sold ($/oz) 10.56  12.34  11.26 
1 Silver equivalent sold for year 2022 for San Jose is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 82.9:1. Silver equivalent sold for year 2022 for Caylloma is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 85.5:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:22.9 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio of 1:13.9 pounds.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
       

Reconciliation of All-in Sustaining Cash Cost and All-in Cash Cost per Payable Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold for the Three and Twelve Months ended December 31, 2023 and 2022

       
AISC Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2023    San Jose     Caylloma    SEO AISC 
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent ounce sold 26,237  18,750 44,987 
Royalties and taxes 815  227 1,042 
Worker's participation (430) 399 (31)
General and administration 1,789  1,344 3,133 
Stand-by     
Total cash costs 28,411  20,720 49,131 
Sustaining capital3 4,693  10,513 15,206 
All-in sustaining costs 33,104  31,233 64,337 
Silver equivalent ounces sold1 1,505,763  1,398,062 2,903,825 
All-in sustaining costs per ounce2 21.98  22.34 22.16 
1 Silver equivalent sold for Q4 2023 for San Jose is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 84.9:1. Silver equivalent sold for Q4 2023 for Caylloma is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 0.0:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:23.8 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio of 1:20.3 pounds.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
3 Presented on a cash basis
       

       
AISC Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Q4 2022    San Jose    Caylloma    SEO AISC
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent ounce sold 23,351 16,046 39,397
Royalties and taxes 1,260 181 1,441
Worker's participation 751 480 1,231
General and administration 2,319 928 3,247
Stand-by   
Total cash costs 27,681 17,635 45,316
Sustaining capital3 4,825 8,506 13,331
All-in sustaining costs 32,506 26,141 58,647
Silver equivalent ounces sold1 2,092,500 1,287,998 3,380,498
All-in sustaining costs per ounce2 15.53 20.30 17.35
1 Silver equivalent sold for San Jose for Q4 2022 is 81.2:1.Silver equivalent sold for Caylloma for Q4 2022 is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 0.0:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:22.3 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio 1:15.7.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
3 Presented on a cash basis
       

       
AISC Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2023    San Jose     Caylloma    SEO AISC
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent ounce sold 95,701  73,298 168,999
Royalties and taxes 4,390  1,078 5,468
Worker's participation (316) 1,927 1,611
General and administration 7,040  4,810 11,850
Stand-by 4,084   4,084
Total cash costs 110,899  81,113 192,012
Sustaining capital3 19,111  23,743 42,854
All-in sustaining costs 130,010  104,856 234,866
Silver equivalent ounces sold1 6,700,419  5,269,540 11,969,959
All-in sustaining costs per ounce2 19.40  19.90 19.62
1 Silver equivalent sold for year 2023 for San Jose is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 83.1:1. Silver equivalent sold for year 2023 for Caylloma is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 81.4:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:23.9 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio of 1:19.0 pounds.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
3 Presented on a cash basis
       

       
AISC Per Silver Equivalent Ounce Sold - Year 2022    San Jose    Caylloma    SEO AISC
Cash cost applicable per silver equivalent ounce sold 87,082 66,279 153,361
Royalties and taxes 5,262 867 6,129
Worker's participation 3,096 2,087 5,183
General and administration 7,164 4,063 11,227
Stand-by   
Total cash costs 102,604 73,296 175,900
Sustaining capital3 21,995 23,246 45,241
All-in sustaining costs 124,599 96,542 221,141
Silver equivalent ounces sold1 8,243,436 5,372,277 13,615,713
All-in sustaining costs per ounce2 15.11 17.97 16.24
1 Silver equivalent sold for year 2022 for San Jose is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 82.9:1. Silver equivalent sold for year 2022 for Caylloma is calculated using a silver to gold ratio of 85.5:1, silver to lead ratio of 1:22.9 pounds, and silver to zinc ratio of 1:13.9 pounds.
2 Silver equivalent is calculated using the realized prices for gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Refer to Financial Results - Sales and Realized Prices
3 Presented on a cash basis
       

Additional information regarding the Company’s financial results and activities underway are available in the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2023 and accompanying 2023 MD&A, which are available for download on the Company’s website, www.fortunasilver.com, on SEDAR+ at www.sedarplus.ca and on EDGAR at www.sec.gov/edgar.

Conference Call and Webcast

A conference call to discuss the financial and operational results will be held on Thursday, March 7, 2024 at 9:00 a.m. Pacific time | 12:00 p.m. Eastern time. Hosting the call will be Jorge A. Ganoza, President and CEO; Luis D. Ganoza, Chief Financial Officer; Cesar Velasco, Chief Operating Officer - Latin America; and David Whittle, Chief Operating Officer - West Africa.

Shareholders, analysts, media and interested investors are invited to listen to the live conference call by logging onto the webcast at https://www.webcaster4.com/Webcast/Page/1696/49929 or over the phone by dialing in just prior to the starting time.

Conference call details:

Date: Thursday, March 7, 2024Time: 9:00 a.m. Pacific time | 12:00 p.m. Eastern time

Dial in number (Toll Free): +1. 888.506.0062Dial in number (International): +1.973.528.0011Entry code: 866537

Replay number (Toll Free): +1.877.481.4010Replay number (International): +1.919.882.2331Replay Passcode: 49929

Playback of the earnings call will be available until Thursday, March 21, 2024. Playback of the webcast will be available until Thursday, March 6, 2025. In addition, a transcript of the call will be archived on the Company’s website.

About Fortuna Silver Mines Inc.

Fortuna Silver Mines Inc. is a Canadian precious metals mining company with five operating mines in Argentina, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Mexico, and Peru. Sustainability is integral to all our operations and relationships. We produce gold and silver and generate shared value over the long-term for our stakeholders through efficient production, environmental protection, and social responsibility. For more information, please visit our website.

ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD

Jorge A. GanozaPresident, CEO, and DirectorFortuna Silver Mines Inc.

Investor Relations:

Carlos Baca | info@fortunasilver.com | www.fortunasilver.com | Twitter | LinkedIn | YouTube

Forward-looking Statements

This news release contains forward-looking statements which constitute "forward-looking information" within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities legislation and "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the "safe harbor" provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (collectively, "Forward-looking Statements"). All statements included herein, other than statements of historical fact, are Forward-looking Statements and are subject to a variety of known and unknown risks and uncertainties which could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those reflected in the Forward-looking Statements. The Forward-looking Statements in this news release include, without limitation, statements about the Company's plans for its mines and mineral properties; the Company’s anticipated financial and operational performance in 2024; estimated production and costs of production for 2024, including grade and volume of metal produced and sales, revenues and cashflows, and capital costs (sustaining and non-sustaining), and operating costs, including projected production cash costs and all-in sustaining costs; the ability of the Company to mitigate the inflationary pressures on supplies used in its operations; estimated capital expenditures and estimated exploration spending in 2024, including amounts for exploration activities at its properties; statements regarding the Company's liquidity, access to capital; the impact of high inflation on the costs of production and the supply chain; the Company’s expectation that the leach pad expansion project at Lindero will be completed during the second half of 2024; statements that a Preliminary Economic Assessment in respect of the Diamba Sud project will be prepared by the end of 2024, subject to the results of the results of the Company’s drill program; statements relating to the anticipated closure of the San Jose Mine and the possibility of extending production beyond 2024; statements that the Diamba Sud project and the Séguéla Mine are priorities for exploration programs in 2024; statements that management has identified opportunities in 2024 to further optimize and debottleneck the processing facility at the Séguéla Mine; the Company's business strategy, plans and outlook, including statements that the Company has guided further growth in 2024 and anticipates further debt reduction; the merit of the Company's mines and mineral properties; mineral resource and reserve estimates, metal recovery rates, concentrate grade and quality; changes in tax rates and tax laws, requirements for permits, anticipated approvals and other matters. Often, but not always, these Forward-looking Statements can be identified by the use of words such as "estimated", “expected”, “anticipated”, "potential", "open", "future", "assumed", "projected", "used", "detailed", "has been", "gain", "planned", "reflecting", "will", "containing", "remaining", "to be", or statements that events, "could" or "should" occur or be achieved and similar expressions, including negative variations.

Forward-looking Statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company to be materially different from any results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the Forward-looking Statements. Such uncertainties and factors include, among others, changes in general economic conditions and financial markets; uncertainty relating to new mining operations such as the Séguéla Mine; risks associated with war or other geo-political hostilities, such as the Ukrainian – Russian conflict, any of which could continue to cause a disruption in global economic activity; fluctuation in currencies and foreign exchange rates; increases in the rate of inflation; the imposition or any extension of capital controls in countries in which the Company operates; any changes in tax laws in Argentina and the other countries in which we operate; changes in the prices of key supplies; technological and operational hazards in Fortuna’s mining and mine development activities; risks inherent in mineral exploration; uncertainties inherent in the estimation of mineral reserves, mineral resources, and metal recoveries; changes to current estimates of mineral reserves and resources; changes to production and cost estimates; that the appeal filed in the Mexican Collegiate Court challenging the reinstatement of the environmental impact authorization at the San Jose Mine (the “EIA”) will be successful; changes in the position of regulatory authorities with respect to the granting of approvals or permits; governmental and other approvals; changes in government, political unrest or instability in countries where Fortuna is active; labor relations issues; as well as those factors discussed under “Risk Factors” in the Company's Annual Information Form.

Although the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual actions, events or results to differ materially from those described in Forward-looking Statements, there may be other factors that cause actions, events or results to differ from those anticipated, estimated or intended. Forward-looking Statements contained herein are based on the assumptions, beliefs, expectations and opinions of management, including but not limited to the accuracy of the Company’s current mineral resource and reserve estimates; that the Company’s activities will be conducted in accordance with the Company’s public statements and stated goals; that there will be no material adverse change affecting the Company, its properties or changes to production estimates (which assume accuracy of projected ore grade, mining rates, recovery timing, and recovery rate estimates and may be impacted by unscheduled maintenance, labor and contractor availability and other operating or technical difficulties); geopolitical uncertainties that may affect the Company’s production, workforce, business, operations and financial condition; the expected trends in mineral prices and currency exchange rates; that the Company will be successful in mitigating the impact of inflation on its business and operations; that the appeal in respect of the ruling in favor of Minera Cuzcatlan reinstating the EIA will not be successful; that all required approvals and permits will be obtained for the Company’s business and operations on acceptable terms; that there will be no significant disruptions affecting the Company's operations, the ability to meet current and future obligations and such other assumptions as set out herein. Forward-looking Statements are made as of the date hereof and the Company disclaims any obligation to update any Forward-looking Statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or results or otherwise, except as required by law. There can be no assurance that these Forward-looking Statements will prove to be accurate, as actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements. Accordingly, investors should not place undue reliance on Forward-looking Statements.

Cautionary Note to United States Investors Concerning Estimates of Reserves and Resources

Reserve and resource estimates included in this news release have been prepared in accordance with National Instrument 43-101 Standards of Disclosure for Mineral Projects ("NI 43-101") and the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, and Petroleum Definition Standards on Mineral Resources and Mineral Reserves. NI 43-101 is a rule developed by the Canadian Securities Administrators that establishes standards for public disclosure by a Canadian company of scientific and technical information concerning mineral projects. Unless otherwise indicated, all mineral reserve and mineral resource estimates contained in the technical disclosure have been prepared in accordance with NI 43-101 and the Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum Definition Standards on Mineral Resources and Reserves. Canadian standards, including NI 43-101, differ significantly from the requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, and mineral reserve and resource information included in this news release may not be comparable to similar information disclosed by U.S. companies.

 

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