Black and Hispanic Communities are Still Reeling from the Foreclosure Crisis

Homes account for more than half of the net worth of black and Hispanic homeowners, and foreclosures disproportionately affected these communities


SEATTLE, April 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Millions of homeowners across the country lost their homes in the foreclosure crisis, missing out on the opportunity to regain and grow their net wealth as the housing market recovered. But in black and Hispanic communitiesi, the foreclosure crisis hit especially hard, and foreclosed homes in those areas have yet to fully recover, according to a new Zillow® analysis.

When the housing market crashed, many homes lost a significant share of their value, especially among homes that were ultimately foreclosed. In Hispanic and black communities, foreclosed home values fell by more than 50 percent.

As the market recovered and home values rebounded, foreclosed homes saw strong appreciation –equity growth that the former owners couldn't access. Foreclosed homes in black and Hispanic communities have more than doubled in value since reaching their lowest point, though they remain 4.7 percent and 9.5 percent below their peaks.

Not only did the foreclosure crisis have a sharper impact on people's ability to gain wealth in black and Hispanic communities, it also had a broader reach into those areas. Nationally, 19.4 percent of all foreclosures between 2007 and 2015 were in Hispanic communities – but only 9.6 percent of homes are in those same areas. Similarly, 12.7 percent of foreclosures occurred in black communities, while 7.7 percent of all homes are in black communities.

In Atlanta, 30.5 percent of all homes are in black communities, but more than half of all foreclosed homes are in those communities. Just 44.2 percent of foreclosed Atlanta homes are in white communities, compared with the overall 65.1 percent of homes in white communities.

Losing a home to foreclosure is especially impactful for Hispanic and black homeowners, who historically have held the majority of their net worth in their homes. Near the height of the housing bubble in 2007, Hispanic and black homeowners had 73.1 percent and 61.8 percent of their net worth tied up in their homes. For white homeowners, that number was only 46.5 percent.

"The housing bust and foreclosure crisis that followed resulted in a disproportionate number of people of color losing not only the roof over their heads, but the wealth—and the opportunity to potentially build more—that came with it," said Zillow Senior Economist Sarah Mikhitarian. "Black and Hispanic homeowners were more exposed to the foreclosure crisis because homes accounted for such a large share of their wealth. With fewer assets to draw on, it was harder for them to hold onto their homes if they fell underwater on their mortgages, owing more than their home was worth. For people who ultimately succumbed to foreclosure, they missed out on the opportunity to see their home's equity—and therefore their wealth—climb back up."

Metropolitan Area Share of Foreclosed Homes in Black Communities Share of All Homes in Black Communities Share of Foreclosed Homes in Hispanic Communities Share of All Homes in Hispanic Communities
United States 12.7% 7.7% 19.4% 9.6%
New York, NY 17.3% 8.8% 21.7% 9.4%
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA 3.5% 2.4% 59.6% 38.4%
Chicago, IL 15.5% 11.6% 15.5% 9.8%
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX 19.4% 10.2% 25.8% 20.9%
Philadelphia, PA 36.2% 17.5% 6.9% 4.0%
Houston, TX 18.6% 10.6% 39.8% 30.3%
Washington, DC 22.9% 21.2% 13.7% 6.8%
Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL 20.8% 14.0% 46.0% 38.8%
Atlanta, GA 50.4% 30.5% 5.0% 3.7%
Boston, MA 9.0% 2.9% 8.6% 2.5%
San Francisco, CA 4.6% 2.0% 38.1% 16.5%
Detroit, MI 35.0% 24.6% 0.9% 1.1%
Riverside, CA 0.0% 0.0% 61.8% 51.1%
Phoenix, AZ 0.0% 0.0% 29.7% 19.2%
Seattle, WA 0.6% 0.5% 1.5% 0.8%
Minneapolis-St Paul, MN 6.8% 1.9% 1.3% 0.5%
San Diego, CA 0.0% 0.0% 36.3% 22.9%
St. Louis, MO 37.9% 17.9% 0.1% 0.1%
Tampa, FL 8.0% 4.8% 8.7% 6.6%
Baltimore, MD 38.2% 23.4% 0.6% 0.5%
Denver, CO 2.1% 1.0% 29.3% 13.5%
Pittsburgh, PA 9.0% 5.4% 0.0% 0.0%
Portland, OR 0.0% 0.0% 0.7% 0.5%
Charlotte, NC 32.2% 17.1% 1.3% 1.1%
Sacramento, CA 0.0% 0.0% 19.4% 11.0%
San Antonio, TX 1.3% 0.6% 65.8% 55.3%
Orlando, FL 10.3% 7.9% 31.7% 22.0%
Cincinnati, OH 16.4% 7.7% 0.0% 0.0%
Cleveland, OH 40.1% 16.7% 2.8% 1.5%
Kansas City, MO 19.5% 10.4% 5.6% 3.9%
Las Vegas, NV 0.5% 0.5% 29.2% 24.3%
Columbus, OH 22.4% 10.3% 0.0% 0.0%
Indianapolis, IN 17.1% 11.8% 1.0% 0.5%
San Jose, CA 0.0% 0.0% 48.4% 20.4%
Austin, TX 1.0% 0.5% 39.2% 23.5%
Nashville, TN 16.9% 6.1% 1.0% 0.3%
Raleigh, NC 19.4% 9.0% 0.7% 0.5%

Zillow is the leading real estate and rental marketplace dedicated to empowering consumers with data, inspiration and knowledge around the place they call home, and connecting them with great real estate professionals. In addition, Zillow operates an industry-leading economics and analytics bureau led by Zillow Group's Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. Dr. Gudell and her team of economists, data analysts, applied scientists and engineers produce extensive housing data and research covering more than 450 markets at Zillow Real Estate Research. Zillow also sponsors the quarterly Zillow Home Price Expectations Survey, which asks more than 100 leading economists, real estate experts and investment and market strategists to predict the path of the Zillow Home Value Index over the next five years. Launched in 2006, Zillow is owned and operated by Zillow Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:Z and ZG), and headquartered in Seattle.

Zillow is a registered trademark of Zillow, Inc.

i Communities were identified at the census tract-level in which a given race represented the plurality in that given area.


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