SPHERIX INC (SPEX) SPO
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|Company Name||SPHERIX INC|
|Company Address||ONE ROCKEFELLER PLAZA, 11TH FLOOR
NEW YORK, NY 10020
|Employees (as of 3/31/2017)||4|
|State of Inc||DE|
|Fiscal Year End||12/31|
|Shares Over Alloted||0|
|Shareholder Shares Offered||--|
|Lockup Period (days)||180|
|Quiet Period Expiration||8/29/2017|
We estimate that our net proceeds from this offering, after deducting the underwriting discount and expenses payable by us, will be approximately $2.1 million. If the underwriters exercise their option to purchase additional shares in full, we estimate that our net proceeds from this offering will be approximately $2.5 million. We intend to use the net proceeds of this offering for working capital and general corporate purposes. As of the date of this prospectus, we cannot specify with certainty all of the particular uses for the net proceeds we will have upon completion of the offering. Accordingly, we will retain broad discretion over the use of these proceeds.
We encounter significant competition from others seeking to acquire interests in intellectual property assets and monetize such assets. This includes an increase in the number of competitors seeking to acquire the same or similar patents and technologies that we may seek to acquire. Most of our competitors have much longer operating histories, and significantly greater financial and human resources, than we do. Entities such as Vringo, Inc. (NYSE MKT: VRNG), VirnetX Holding Corp. (NYSE MKT: VHC), Acacia Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ACTG), RPX Corporation (NASDAQ: RPXC), Marathon Patent Group, Inc. (NASDAQ: MARA) and others presently market themselves as being in the business of creating, acquiring, licensing or leveraging the value of intellectual property assets. We expect others to enter the market as the true value of intellectual property is increasingly recognized and validated. In addition, competitors may seek to acquire the same or similar patents and technologies that we may seek to acquire, making it more difficult for us to realize the value of its assets. We also compete with venture capital firms, strategic corporate buyers and various industry leaders for technology acquisitions and licensing opportunities. Many of these competitors may have more financial and human resources than we do. As we become more successful, we may find more companies entering the market for similar technology opportunities, which may reduce our market share in one or more technology industries that we currently rely upon to generate future revenue. Other companies may develop competing technologies that offer better or less expensive alternatives to our patented technologies that we may acquire and/or out-license. Many potential competitors may have significantly greater resources than we do. Technological advances or entirely different approaches developed by one or more of our competitors could render certain of the technologies owned or controlled by our operating subsidiaries obsolete and/or uneconomical.
We are an intellectual property company that owns patented and unpatented intellectual property. Spherix Incorporated was formed in 1967 as a scientific research company and for much of our history pursued drug development, including through Phase III clinical studies, which were largely
discontinued in 2012. In 2012 and 2013, we shifted our focus to being a firm that owns, develops, acquires and monetizes intellectual property assets. In July 2013, we acquired 7 patents in the field of mobile communications from Rockstar Consortium US LP (“Rockstar”). This acquisition represented the first transaction believed to have been completed by Rockstar with any publicly traded company. Rockstar was launched in 2011 as an intellectual property licensing company to manage a patent portfolio related to the pre-bankruptcy technology and businesses of Nortel Networks (“Nortel”). Rockstar was formed by Apple, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, Sony Corporation, Blackberry Limited and LM Ericsson Telephone Company. In September 2013, we acquired North South Holdings, Inc. (“North South”) and its 222 patents in the fields of wireless communications, satellite, solar, and radio frequency and 2 patents in the field of pharmaceutical distribution. The 222 patents were developed by Harris Corporation, a leader in defense communications and electronics and acquired by North South prior to our acquisition of North South. In December 2013, we acquired an additional 101 patents and patent applications from Rockstar in consideration for approximately $60 million of our securities consisting of common stock and preferred stock. The patents had been developed by Nortel and acquired by Rockstar following Nortel’s bankruptcy in 2011. The December 2013 acquisition included patents covering internet access and video and data transmission, among other things. We believe that many of these Nortel/Rockstar patents are standard essential patents, meaning they potentially cover various industry standards in wide use (although there is no assurance that a court or third-party would agree with such description). --- On November 23, 2015, we and RPX Corporation (“RPX”) entered into a Patent License Agreement (the “RPX License Agreement”) under which the Company granted RPX the right to sublicense various patent license rights to certain RPX clients. The consideration to the Company included: (i) the transfer to the Company for cancellation of its remaining outstanding Series I Redeemable Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series I Preferred Stock”) then held by RPX, as to which a $5,000,000 mandatory redemption payment would have been due from the Company on or by December 31, 2015; (ii) the transfer to the Company for cancellation of 13%, or 57,076 shares, of its Series H Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series H Preferred Stock”) then held by RPX, having a total carrying amount of $4,765,846 at the time the stock was issued to Rockstar; (iii) cancellation of the only outstanding security interest on 101 of the Company’s patents and patent applications acquired from Rockstar that originated at Nortel, which security interest had previously been transferred to RPX by Rockstar (“RPX Security Interest”); and (iv) $300,000 in cash to the Company. In consideration of the above, we granted RPX the rights to grant: (i) to Juniper Networks, Inc. (“Juniper”), a non-sublicensable, non-transferrable sublicense solely to use the six patents that had been asserted against Juniper by the Company (“Asserted Patents”); and (ii) to Apple, Blackberry, Cisco, Google, Huawei, Ericsson, Microsoft and Sony, to the extent those parties did not already have licenses to our patents, a non-sublicensable, non-transferrable sublicense to use our existing portfolio. Prior to our ownership of the patents originating at Nortel, each of Apple, Blackberry, Ericsson, Microsoft and Sony had previously been granted full licenses to those patents. In addition, we separately granted Huawei a license with respect to Huawei’s network routers and switches. We also granted RPX the rights to grant Cisco and Google a sublicense under patents transferred to us through November 23, 2017. We have since dismissed our then-existing litigations against Cisco and Juniper and Cisco requested dismissal of its two petitions requesting inter partes re-examination (“IPR”) of certain of our patents at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board of the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Further, we agreed, until May 23, 2016 (the “Standstill Period”) that: (a) we and RPX would engage in good faith negotiations for the grant of additional license rights to RPX’s other members in exchange for additional consideration to us; (b) we would not divest, transfer, or exclusively license any of our current patents; (c) neither RPX nor any RPX affiliate would challenge, or knowingly and intentionally assist others in challenging, the validity, enforceability, or patentability of any of our patents in any court or administrative agency having jurisdiction to consider the issue; and (d) we would not bring an action against current RPX clients for patent infringement. Following the Standstill Period, as a result of the release of the RPX Security Interest, the patents may be leveraged, divested, transferred or exclusively licensed in a manner that is beneficial to us and our stockholders. We retained the right to bring claims under the patents at any time against other parties who are not licensees or beneficiaries under the RPX License. We also retained rights, following the Standstill Period, to bring claims under the patents against current RPX clients who did not become licensees or beneficiaries during the Standstill Period and, with respect to Juniper, under all of the patents other than the six Asserted Patents. In March 2016, we entered into an agreement (which was subsequently amended in April and May 2016) with Equitable IP Corporation (“Equitable”) to facilitate the monetization of our patents (the “Monetization Agreement”). Pursuant to the Monetization Agreement, the Company is working together with Equitable to further develop and revise our ongoing litigation plan. On May 23, 2016, we and RPX, entered into a second, separate Patent License Agreement (the “Second RPX License”) under which we granted RPX the right to sublicense various patent rights only to current RPX clients (as of May 23, 2016). In exchange for the rights we granted under the Second RPX License, we received the following consideration: (i) a cash payment made to us in May 2016 in the amount of $4,355,000; and (ii) cancellation of the remaining 381,967 shares of our outstanding Series H Convertible Preferred Stock currently held by RPX, having a total carrying amount of $31,894,244 at the time the stock was issued to Rockstar. In consideration of the above, we granted RPX the rights to grant to its current clients: (i) a fully paid portfolio license, to the extent such parties did not already have licenses to the Company’s patents; (ii) a covenant-not-to-sue current RPX clients for supply of chipsets; (iii) a standstill of litigation involving any patents acquired in the next five years. In connection with the Second RPX License, we also granted to Alcatel-Lucent a license to the portfolio acquired from North South. Under a separate agreement between us and RPX, we granted RPX the ability to grant to VTech Telecommunications Ltd. (“VTech”) a sublicense for a fully paid portfolio license in exchange for an additional $20,000 in cash consideration. The license granted under the terms of the RPX License described herein does not extend to entities/companies that are not clients of RPX and provide chipsets or other hardware to current RPX clients. In January of 2017, we settled our patent litigation against Uniden Corporation and Uniden America Corporation (collectively “Uniden”) and granted Uniden a license limited to the patents we originally asserted against Uniden and VTech, including U.S. Patent Nos. 5,581,599 (the “599 Patent”); 5,752,195; 5,892,814; 6,614,899; and 6,965,614. The Company’s appeal at the Federal Circuit against the Patent and Trademark Office for its decision of patent invalidity of the ‘599 Patent will continue without Uniden as a party. Our principal executive offices are located at One Rockefeller Plaza, 11th Floor New York, NY 10020, and our telephone number is 703-992-9325. Our principal Internet address is www.spherix.com.
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