Shell's (SHEL) Wesseling Site Shifts Focus to Base Oils

Shell plc’s SHEL subsidiary, Shell Deutschland GmbH, announced a final investment decision regarding the transformation of the hydrocracker at its Wesseling site within the Rheinland chemicals complex in Germany. The existing facility, previously dedicated to producing distillate fuels and feedstocks, is set to be transformed into a cutting-edge production unit for base oils — a vital component in the creation of engine and transmission oils. Crude oil processing will be completed at the Wesseling site in 2025, but will keep going at the Godorf site. The implications of this strategic decision extend beyond the borders of Germany, impacting the entire European Union's (EU) demand for base oils.

Understanding Hydrocracking Technology

A hydrocracker, as the core technology behind this transformation, is instrumental in converting heavy, low-quality hydrocarbons into lighter, high-quality products. These products include not only fuels like gasoline, jet fuel and diesel, but also chemical feedstocks and base oil feedstocks. The hydrocracking process involves a high-pressure, high-temperature reaction between hydrocarbons and hydrogen, facilitated by a catalyst.

Shell's Vision: A Shift Toward Sustainable Energy

Shell's forward-thinking approach is not just about a shift in production but also a commitment to environmental sustainability. The new base oil plant, anticipated to commence operations in the second half of the 2020s, boasts an impressive production capacity of 300,000 metric tons per year. This capacity is not merely a numerical figure, it signifies approximately 9% of the current demand for base oils within the EU and a staggering 40% of Germany's internal demand.

Electrification for a Greener Tomorrow

A key aspect of this transformation is the electrification of the newly established base oil plant. Shell envisions a future where traditional crude oil processing for fuels at the Wesseling site is replaced with cleaner, more sustainable practices. This strategic move is not only a testament to Shell's commitment to eco-friendly operations but also a step toward reducing its overall scope 1 and 2 carbon emissions.

Environmental Impact and Net Zero Goals

By shifting focus toward base oil production and terminating crude oil processing for fuels at the Wesseling site, Shell expects to decrease its carbon emissions by 620,000 tons per year. This substantial reduction aligns with Shell's ambitious goal of becoming a net-zero emissions energy business by 2050. It emphasizes the company's determination to play a key role in combating climate change and implementing a sustainable future.

Rheinland Complex: A German Industrial Powerhouse

The Rheinland complex, owned by Shell, is the largest of its kind in Germany and includes the Wesseling and Godorf sites. Currently, the complex can process more than 17 million tons of crude oil annually, with 7.5 million tons processed at the Wesseling site.

The Economic Implications

Beyond its environmental impact, Shell's transformative decision carries significant economic implications. The Rheinland complex, with its expanded focus on base oil production, is poised to become a major player in the European market. The increase in production capacity aligns with the growing demand for high-quality base oils in the region, promising economic growth and job creation.


Shell's commitment to converting the hydrocracker at the Wesseling site into a base oil production unit marks a milestone in the transition toward sustainable energy practices. The electrification of the new plant, coupled with the cessation of crude oil processing for fuels, not only positions Shell as an industry leader but also highlights its dedication to environmental responsibility. The Rheinland complex's role in this transformation highlights its significance as a key player in Germany's industrial landscape.

Zacks Rank and Key Picks

Currently, SHEL carries a Zacks Rank #3 (Hold).

Investors interested in the energy sector might look at some better-ranked stocks like Sunoco LP SUN and Oceaneering International, Inc. OII, both sporting a Zacks Rank #1 (Strong Buy), and Enbridge Inc. ENB, carrying a Zacks Rank #2 (Buy) at present. You can see the complete list of today’s Zacks #1 Rank stocks here.

Headquartered in Dallas, TX, Sunoco is valued at $5.85 billion. The company currently pays a dividend of $3.37 per share, or 5.78%, on an annual basis.

Sunoco, along with its subsidiaries, distributes and retails motor fuels in the United States. It operates under two segments — Fuel Distribution and Marketing and All Other.

Oceaneering International is worth $2.17 billion. In the past year, its shares have risen 3.7%.

The company provides engineered services and products, and robotic solutions to the offshore energy, defense, aerospace, manufacturing and entertainment industries worldwide.

Enbridge is valued at $76.33 billion. The company currently pays a dividend of $2.6 per share, or 7.24%, on an annual basis.

Enbridge and its subsidiaries are an energy infrastructure company with five segments — Liquids Pipelines, Gas Transmission and Midstream, Gas Distribution and Storage, Renewable Power Generation and Energy Services.

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The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

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