By Marwa Rashad and Saeed Azhar
RIYADH/DUBAI, Dec 24 () - Saudi Arabia'sNational Commercial Bank (NCB), the kingdom's biggest lender by assets, has begun preliminary discussions to merge with smaller rival Riyad Bank, the two lenders said on Monday.
A merger would further extend NCB's lead over its closest rivals including Al Rajhi Bank, by boosting its assets by almost a third to 685 billion riyals ($183 billion)
NCB said any agreement would be subject to regulatory and shareholder approvals, and there would be no forced job losses.
Both banks have a common shareholder in sovereign fund Public Investment Fund (PIF), which could make the merger easier, said Mazen al-Sudairi, head of research at Al Rajhi Capital.
PIF owns 44 percent of NCB and 22 percent of Riyad Bank, according to Thomson data.
"They also have similar exposure to retail and corporate sectors. This will create synergy and efficiency," al-Sudairi said.
Analysts said Riyad could benefit from NCB's strong balance sheet given it has a high loan to deposit ratio, while NCB could use Riyad's expertise in growing its long-term deposits.
A wave of bank mergers are taking place in the Gulf region, after two of the United Arab Emirates' biggest banks linked up to create First Abu Dhabi Bank last year
Consolidation has increased in the past two years as profit margins have been squeezed by lower government and consumer spending in the face of weak oil prices.
However unlike the UAE, which has 50 banks, Saudi Arabia has only 12 commercial lenders, which will be reduced to 11 after the completion of merger between SABB and Alawwal.
($1 = 3.7516 riyals)
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