Record Quarterly Earnings in Q4

Note: The following is an excerpt from this week's Earnings Trends report. You can access the full report that contains detailed historical actuals and estimates for the current and following periods, please click here>>>

We are not totally done with Q4 earnings season yet, but growth has been the highest in two years with total earnings reaching an all-time quarterly record. Estimates for the current period have started coming down, but they aren't falling as much as would typically be the case historically. All of this should add to confidence in consensus expectations for the current and following quarters when growth is expected to notably ramp up.

As of Wednesday, March 1st, we have seen Q4 results from 484 S&P 500 members or 98.7% of the index's total membership. Total earnings for these 484 index members are up +7.4% on +4.9% higher revenues, with 68.4% beating EPS estimates and 54.1% coming ahead of top-line expectations. The proportion of companies beating both EPS and revenue estimates is 40.3%.

The side-by-side charts below compare the growth rates and beat percentages for the 484 index members with what we saw from the same companies in other recent periods.

Here are the four things to know about how this earnings season has shaped up

First , the earnings and revenue growth for this group of 484 index members is notably above other recent periods. The +7.4% Q4 earnings growth on +4.9% revenue growth compares to +3.7% earnings growth on +2.2% revenue growth for this same group of companies in 2016 Q3. The Q4 growth relative to the 4-quarter and 12-quarter averages is even pronounced.

The growth comparisons to prior periods remain favorable even when the Finance sector's strong numbers are excluded from the aggregate results, as the right-hand chart below confirms. Excluding the Finance sector, total Q4 earnings growth drops to +5.2% (from +7.4% with Finance) on +4.6% higher revenues (+4.9% with Finance).

The Energy sector hasn't been a material factor this earnings season, with the sector's earnings growth turning positive for the first time in more than two years. Exxon's ( XOM ) +33% higher earnings in Q4 are more than offsetting the tough comparisons at Chevron ( CVX ) and weak results at others to push the sector into positive growth territory.

Second , positive surprises are tracking below historical periods, both for earnings as well as revenues. The 68.4% earnings beat percentage and 54.1% revenue beat percentage are below the 72.7% and 56.2% earnings and revenue beat percentages for this same group of companies in the preceding quarter, respectively. The proportion of Q4 positive surprises are similarly tracking below the 4-quarter and 12-quarter averages.

Third , looking at Q4 as a whole, combining the actual results from the 484 S&P 500 companies that have reported with estimates for the still-to-come 16 index members, total earnings are expected to be up +7.4% from the same period last year on +3.7% higher revenues. The +7.4% earnings growth in Q4, the highest since 2014 Q4, would follow the +3.7% growth in Q3 earnings on +2.2% higher revenues, the first instance of positive earnings growth for the index after five quarters of back-to-back declines. The chart below shows that we have come out of the earnings slump.

Fourth , estimates for the current period (2017 Q1) are holding up really well, which is reassuring since expectations for the period already reflected strong gains. Total earnings for the S&P 500 index are currently expected to be up +7.1% from the same period last year on +6.8% higher revenues. This is down from expectations of +10.3% earnings growth in early January. This magnitude of negative revisions is about in-line with what we saw in the comparable period for Q4, but better than the quarters prior to that.

All of this combined should add to greater confidence in current consensus expectations for the coming periods when growth is expected to notably pick up. The chart below shows current consensus growth expectations for Q1 and beyond.

Note: Sheraz Mian manages the Zacks equity research department. He is an acknowledged earnings expert whose commentaries and analyses appear on Zacks.com and in the print and electronic media. His weekly earnings related articles include Earnings Trends and Earnings Preview . He manages the Zacks Top 10 and Focus List portfolios and writes the Weekly Market Analysis article for Zacks Premium subscribers.

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The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

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