Buying a home is a major financial move -- one you really don't want to wind up regretting. Right now, mortgage rates are extremely low, and though home prices have climbed in recent months due to lack of inventory, it is still possible to snag a great deal on a house. But what if you've found a place to buy, yet you're worried about losing your job during the COVID-19 pandemic? Should you move forward with that home purchase, or put it on hold?
When your job doesn't feel secure
There are several factors mortgage lenders look at when determining whether applicants will qualify for a home loan. These include:
- Your credit score -- the higher, the better, but you generally need a score of 620 or above to get approved for a mortgage.
- Your existing debt -- as measured by your debt-to-income ratio
- Your existing assets -- including the money available for a down payment
- Your income -- how much it is and whether it's stable
You may get tripped up with the last if your job is at risk due to the pandemic. Or not. When you apply for a mortgage, you're required to submit pay stubs as proof of earnings -- usually a few pay periods' worth. You also tell your lender how long you've been with your employer, and your lender may seek to verify that by requesting a letter from the employer confirming your length of work history, and that you're an employee in good standing.
If your employer is able to confirm all of that, but your job is on the line because your employer has suffered a decline in revenue (a common occurrence during COVID-19) or you work in an industry more likely to get hit by the pandemic, you might manage to keep that under wraps and still get approved for a home loan. But it's worth noting that if you do lose your job mid-mortgage application, that could hurt your chances of closing on that loan. And just because you can get away with hiding your job insecurity doesn't mean you should.
If you lose your job shortly after closing on your mortgage, you'll risk falling behind on your monthly payments. That, in turn, means you'll risk damaging your credit and, in a more extreme scenario, losing the home you just bought.
That said, if you have a healthy level of savings -- say, enough to make a 20% down payment on your home and still cover six months or more of living expenses -- then you may be okay to move forward with your home purchase, even with a shaky job situation. Remember, if you lose your job through no fault of your own, you'll generally be entitled to unemployment benefits that will replace a portion of your old paycheck. That income, combined with your savings, could be enough to keep up with your mortgage -- especially if you have a spouse or partner you're buying a home with whose job is more steady.
Therefore, while buying a home when your job is at risk is not optimal, job insecurity doesn't necessarily have to be a deal-breaker, especially if you have a lot of savings to compensate for missing income. Also, just because you're worried about losing your job, that doesn't mean that will actually happen. If you've managed to find a home at a great price and can qualify for a competitive mortgage rate, then it could pay to forge ahead, despite your concerns.
Today's Best Mortgage Rates
Chances are, mortgage rates won't stay put at multi-decade lows for much longer. In fact, the Fed has already signaled that it expects rates to continue increasing. That's why taking action today is crucial, whether you're wanting to refinance and cut your mortgage payment or you're ready to pull the trigger on a new home purchase. Click here to get started by scanning the market for your best rate.The Motley Fool owns and recommends MasterCard and Visa, and recommends American Express. We’re firm believers in the Golden Rule, which is why editorial opinions are ours alone and have not been previously reviewed, approved, or endorsed by included advertisers. The Ascent does not cover all offers on the market. Editorial content from The Ascent is separate from The Motley Fool editorial content and is created by a different analyst team.
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