The U.S. proxy system is critical to public company governance. Proxy reform has been an important focus for Nasdaq in recent years, including in our blueprint to revitalize the U.S. capital markets. As a follow up to the November 2018 SEC roundtable on the proxy process and its related rules, Nasdaq and a broader coalition have submitted a letter to the SEC outlining top priorities for proxy reform.
A copy of the letter is available here.
The letter urges the SEC to address the following critical items:
- Proxy Advisory Firms: The SEC must take strong action to regulate proxy advisory firms to address three critical frustrations with their current operations:
- Conflicts of Interest: The SEC should adopt strong protections for both companies and users of proxy advisory services to ensure that conflicts of interest are eliminated where possible, minimized and/or mitigated where appropriate, and transparent to the users and subjects of reports. Conflicts should be disclosed on the front page of proxy advisor reports on companies so that investors make fully informed voting decisions.
- Accuracy: The SEC should require transparent processes and practices that allow ALL public companies, regardless of their market capitalization, to engage with proxy advisory firms on matters of mistakes, misstatements of fact and other significant disputes so that timely resolution of those disputes and corrections to the record can be made to minimize the negative impacts that such mistakes can have on the subject company’s proxy voting outreach and its shareholders. Such policies and procedures are absolutely critical to any reforms considered by the SEC. Given the impact of the proxy advisory firms’ decision-making and recommendations on the capital markets, and the large percentage of institutional voting that follows their recommendations, the ability to identify and correct errors is crucial for accuracy and accountability.
- Transparency of proxy voting standards: Proxy advisors currently play a critical role in the development of de facto market rules through their policies and recommendations. The SEC should require public transparency, including a formal public comment period, when a proxy advisory firm intends to change its voting policies from one proxy season to the next and ensure that companies have the ability to determine, on their own, whether they can satisfy those policies. Proxy advisory firms should not be allowed to significantly affect voting recommendations using opaque rules, which require paid services to interpret. Moreover, in the absence of transparent policies, neither the proxy advisory firms’ clients, nor the companies they report on, can determine whether a policy is applied correctly or if a recommendation is based on factual errors.
- Shareholder Proposals: The SEC should modernize the shareholder proposal process so that it reflects more reasonable standards for submission and resubmission of shareholder proposals and is oriented toward creating long-term value for all shareholders. Reasonable standards for resubmissions were previously proposed by the SEC in 1997, which would have required 6 percent support for the first resubmission, 15 percent for the second, and 30 percent for the third.
- Shareholder Communications: The SEC should focus on streamlining shareholder communications to enable companies to directly and cost-effectively communicate with their shareholders. The Commission should repeal the distinction between objecting and non-objecting beneficial owners (OBOs and NOBOs), which inhibits the ability of companies to communicate with the majority of investors who are not registered shareholders.
- Proxy Process: The SEC needs to update the proxy voting process to make voting more transparent and verifiable and to increase retail investor participation.
Maintaining a viable public company model is not only important for companies that need capital, but also for individual investors and the overall economy. Addressing critical issues outlined in the letter will help to make our capital markets stronger and improve the experience for public companies and their long-term investors. Nasdaq remains committed to working with the SEC to bring about robust, transparent and efficient markets.
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The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.