- Markets had only been pricing in two rate hikes in 2017 ahead of yesterday's FOMC meeting; FOMC says three are possible.
- US Dollar (via DXY Index) pushes to fresh 14-year highs as EUR/USD moves below March 2015 swing low.
The December FOMC meeting proved to be quite the boon for the US Dollar. Whereas ahead of yesterday's meeting, markets were pricing in two rates hikes in 2017. However, in raising its key rate and suggesting that there could be up to three rate hikes next year, the FOMC has given the US Dollar a fresh source of strength.
US Treasury yields are increasing in the wake of the Fed, which in turn, is helping boost interest rate differentials in favor of the US Dollar. The US Treasury yield curve has steepened further over the past 24-hours, adding onto what has been a rough month for bonds. As a gauge of long-term growth and inflation expectations, the US Treasury yield curve steepening is a reflection of the market's belief that tighter monetary policy is coming in the near-term.
Chart 1: US Yield Curve (December 2015 versus Decmeber 2016)
These are promising signs for the US Dollar in the near-term. In fact, as markets are quickly aligning with the Fed's belief that it could hike three times next year, the US Dollar is in prime position to benefit (particularly versus lower yielding currencies). Given that the Fed is still more hawkish on the backend of its forecasts that markets are currently pricing (see chart 2 below), there still may be more 'juice to squeeze' out of the US Dollar long trade.
Chart 2: Fed Dot Plot Median Path and Overnight Index Swaps
These developments have proven exceptionally favorable for the US Dollar, fitting in line with our earlier analysis. As noted last Friday during the US Dollar pullback, "US Dollar weakness has been fundamentally unjustified given the rising yield environment and retained steepness of the Fed expectations curve - two rate hikes remain priced-in for 2017. With the FOMC set to meet next Wednesday, traders are likely going to be seeking out confirmation that their reiginted bullish US Dollar sentiment is justified.line with what the Fed is poised to do in 2017, but may be a bit behind the Fed in 2018."
Chart 3: USD/JPY Daily Timeframe (January 2015 to December 2016)
With this situation playing out now, the US Dollar remains well-positioned versus low yielding currencies like Japanese Yen. As we wrote last week , "In a rising yield environment where the BOJ is pegging the JGB 10-year yield at or below 0%, the Japanese Yen stands out to be a loser. Interest rate differentials have moved sharply against the Yen, and appear poised to do so for the foreseeable future (three- to six-months)." USD/JPY has surged above 118.00 (into the swing lows from August and October 2015) as interest rate differentials have widened out.
Chart 4: EUR/USD Daily Timeframe (February 2015 to December 2016)
Against the backdrop of the ECB significantly loosening its monetary policy, the Fed's decision to come out more hawkish at the margins has now driven EUR/USD to fresh cycle lows, breaking through the March 2015 low of 1.0462. Given the political risks that have cropped up in Europe, we still believe that EUR/USD is in the early stages of a move towards 0.9500 (per our Q4'16 Euro forecast written in September).
--- Written by Christoph er Vecchio, Senior Currency Strategist
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