GLOBAL MARKETS-Central banks' dovish cooing keeps world stocks lulled near two-week highs
By Sujata Rao
LONDON, June 19 (Reuters) - World stocks held near two-week highs on Wednesday as investors bet on a worldwide wave of central bank stimulus, with expectations building that the United States and the euro zone may deliver interest rate cuts as early as July.
Markets have been fired up by European Central Bank President Mario Draghi's Tuesday volte-face on policy easing. In one of the biggest policy reversals of his eight-year tenure, Draghi flagged more easing if inflation failed to pick up.
But some caution seeped in after the previous day's frenzy.
German DE10YT=RR and U.S. US10YT=RR bond yields, which hit record lows and two-year lows respectively after Draghi's comments, inched higher to trade just off those levels.
European shares slipped off six-week highs .STOXX and Wall Street futures ESc1, YMc1, NQc1 indicated a slightly weaker opening on Wednesday.
Some of the trepidation is down to the U.S. Federal Reserve's meeting, the decision of which is due at 1800 GMT. It is widely expected to follow the lead of the European Central Bank and open the door to future rate cuts.
"It should be really clear to absolutely everyone that this is a monetary policy turning point ... Those rate cut expectations have now shifted much closer," said Ulrich Leuchtmann, head of currency and emerging markets research at Commerzbank.
"Of course the other question is: What is the Fed doing? If the Fed takes the fundamental risk of political pressure seriously, they cannot do anything today," he said, noting that President Donald Trump's strident calls for lower interest rates posed a dilemma for the Fed.
But market sentiment has been buoyed also by news that Trump will meet Chinese leader Xi Jinping at the G20 summit this month, even though many doubt the two men can reach a breakthrough on ending their trade dispute.
MSCI's global equity index .MIWD00000PUS rose 0.4%, adding to Tuesday's 1% gain, as Asian shares excluding Japan followed the lead of their European and U.S. counterparts to jump almost 2% -- their biggest one-day rally since January .MIAPJ0000PUS.
Tokyo and Shanghai too climbed almost 2% .N225, .SSEC while Australia's main bourse hit an 11-year high .AXJO. New York's S&P500 jumped almost 1% on Tuesday to approach recent record highs.
All eyes are now on the Fed, with Chairman Jerome Powell holding a news conference after the announcement.
Futures 0#FF: are almost fully priced for a quarter-point easing in July and imply more than 60 basis points of cuts by Christmas FEDWATCH.
As for Europe, markets have almost fully priced a cut in September, though some analysts, such as those at Germany's Commerzbank, now say rates will be cut in July, rather than in the last quarter of the year as they had predicted earlier.
ECB sources told Reuters Draghi had flagged his measures so strongly that other board members would be unable to disagree with him at their July 25 meeting.
Yet all the clamour for easing creates risks that policymakers will disappoint.
"Market expectations for a dovish shift are nearly universal, the only question seems to be the degree," said Blake Gwinn, head of front-end rates at NatWest Markets, referring to the Fed.
"Markets will be looking for validation of this pricing," he added. "We think this represents a fairly high bar for the Fed to deliver a dovish surprise."
BofA Merrill Lynch's latest fund manager survey spoke volumes about the sea change in sentiment. It showed investors were dumping stocks and had upped bond allocations to nearly eight-year highs. They also had crowded into safe-haven U.S. Treasury bonds and cash.
The prospect of more policy easing and worries for the growth outlook have sent global bond yields tumbling this year.
German yields DE10YT=RR were close to the minus 0.33% record low hit on Tuesday, while Japanese yields JP10YT=RR sank to the lowest since August 2016 at -0.145%.
Yields on the U.S. 10-year note US10YT=RR reached their lowest since September 2017 at 2.016%, a world away from the 3.25% top touched in November last year. The yield rose slightly from those lows but is down some 60 bps since January.
The fallout in currencies has been significantly less, mostly because it is hard for one to gain when all the major central banks are under pressure to ease.
The euro did pull back after Draghi's comments, but at $1.118 EUR=EBS it touched only a two-week low.
The dollar eased slightly on the yen to 108.3 JPY=, but was flat versus a basket of currencies .DXY. The yuan touched three-week highs versus the dollar on the trade news CNH=D3.
In commodities, the rate-cut buzz kept gold just off 14-month highs at $1,345.16 per ounce XAU=. Brent crude futures however slipped 0.6% to $61.75 a barrel, pressured by economic growth worries LCOc1.
S&P500 approaches record highhttps://tmsnrt.rs/2Y7dDQE
Multiverse bond indexhttps://tmsnrt.rs/2Y0uHbg
German, US bond yields in sharp falls this yearhttps://tmsnrt.rs/2Y7buo4
(Reporting by Sujata Rao; Additional reporting by Karin Strohecker in London and Wayne Cole in Sydney; Editing by Hugh Lawson)
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