Markets

Dollar Firm as Investors Await Fresh Directional Cues

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The US dollar is enjoying a firm tone today. Yesterday's two weakest major currencies, the Australian dollar and Swedish krona are the strongest currencies, but little changed on the session. After a strong rebound in the greenback to start the week, it mostly consolidated yesterday.

The euro was sold briefly through $1.1320 before finding a bid, while the sterling and yen are extending this week's declines. Global equities are mixed, with modest gains in Asia and small losses in Europe. Bond yields are mostly firmer.

The US confirmed North Korea's claims that its tested an intercontinental ballistic missile. The US and South Korea almost immediately announced a new joint military exercise.

The UN Security Council will meet today to discuss. Besides tightening the isolation of North Korea, it is not clear what other options are really available. Although the US has indicated that all options are on the table, there does not appear to be support for military options by South Korea, Japan, Russia or China.

The South Korean won was little changed and the Kospi gained 0.3% to recover most of yesterday's decline and is off slightly on the week. More broadly, the MSCI Asia Pacific Index snapped a three-day fall and rose 0.25%.

Japanese shares initially fell to near two-week lows before recovering. The Topix and Nikkei closed on session highs, almost 0.6% and 0.3% higher respectively. Japan reported a stronger service PMI (53.3 in June from 53.0 in May). The composite reading slipped to 52.9 from 53.4. Still, it average 53.0 in Q2 after 52.5 in Q1 and 52.0 in Q4 16.

The dollar is at its best level against the Japanese yen since the middle of May, as it tries to get a handhold above JPY113.50. Chart resistance is seen in the JPY113.80-JPY114.00 area. The dollar edged higher against the yen for the past two weeks. It is up a little more than 1% this week after a gain of a similar magnitude last week.

Caixin reported China's service and composite PMI. The service reading eased to 51.6 from 52.8. The composite slipped to 51.1 from 51.5, which is the lowest since last June. The composite averaged 51.3 in Q2 after 52.3 in Q1 and 53.1 in Q4. It averaged 51.4 last year. The Shanghai Composite gained 0.75% to move above 3200 for the first time since mid-April.

Note that China's bond-connect program went operational yesterday. Turnover was a little more than CNY6 bln yesterday. The bond-connect program, complements the stock-connect initiative, and improves international investors access to China's financial markets.

The service and composite PMI release is the main economic data from Europe today. The eurozone service PMI was revised from the flash estimate of 54.7 to 55.4 from it is still off the May reading of 56.3, and is off for the second month. The composite PMI was also revised higher from the 55.7 flash estimate to 56.3. It was 56.8 in May. It averaged 56.6 in Q2 after 55.6 in Q1 and underpins expectations that the regional economy may have accelerated.

In terms of the country breakdown, German and French flash service reports were revised higher. Note that the French and German composite readings did slip from May. Italy's service PMI eased to 53.6 from 55.1 and was weaker than the 54.6 median estimate in the Bloomberg survey. Still, the Q2 average composite was 55.5 after 53.9 in Q1 and 52.5 in Q4 16. Spain accelerated. The services PMI jumped to 58.3 from 57.3 and the composite rose to 57.7 from 57.2.

The inability of the euro to rally on what seems to be good news appears to be a break from the recent price action where nearly any excuse was sufficient to lift the single currency. It is consistent with our sense that the market has discounted a favorable news stream for Europe and may have gotten ahead of itself. Initial support is seen in the $1.1320 has been tested, and a break would set up a test on $1.1280. The US two-year premium over Germany has widened about six basis points this week and the 10-year premium is about three basis points wider this week.

The slightly disappointing UK service PMI rounds out the three PMI reports and each was reported below expectations. The miss was not large but the direction is notable. The services PMI eased to 53.4 from 53.8 and the composite reading eased to 53.8 from 54.3. In fairness, the Q2 composite average of 54.8 is above the 54.6 average of Q1 and last year's average of 53.5. This suggest that growth may not have deteriorated from the 0.2% quarter-over-quarter pace recorded in Q1. However, the quarter appears to have ended on a weak note. In June, the employment sub-index was the strongest in a little more than a year. Price data was mixed, with input prices rising and prices charged easing, warning of the risk of a profit squeeze.

Sterling has snapped an eight-day advance with a three-day fall this week. Today's losses were marginal and may have exhausted themselves in the European morning a little below $1.29. Initial resistance is seen in the $1.2940 area.

The final US May durable goods orders and factory orders are unlikely to capture the market's imagination. The FOMC minutes may be more interesting. Participants are looking for insight into two things. First, even though the Fed hiked, how cautious are Fed officials in the wake of disappointing economic data and the four-month softening of measured inflation. Second, observers are looking for more details about when the balance sheet operations will begin.

We see more observers coming to our view of that an announcement to start no recycling the maturing issues fully at the September FOMC meeting (for October start) and for what would be the third rate hike of the year more likely to be delivered in December (data permitting). In terms of data, this week's employment report is the highlight and improvement is expected in the June report.

The Reserve Bank of Australia did not completely remove the downside potential, but more banks appear to be giving up the idea that it will cut rates again this year. The Australian dollar bounced from dipping below $0.7600 yesterday to a little more than $0.7630 today before running out of steam. A break of $0.7590 would target $0.7530-$0.7540 initially. The market appears to have discounted a Bank of Canada rate hike next week. It would be more destabilizing if a rate hike at this juncture was not delivered. The US dollar is finding support against the Canadian dollar, but it needs to rise above CAD1.3020 to be anything significant.

This article was originally published on Marc to Market.com.

The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.


The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

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Marc Chandler

Marc Chandler has been covering the global capital markets for more than 25 years, working at economic consulting firms and global investment banks. A prolific writer and speaker he appears regularly in the press and has spoken for, and is an honorary fellow of, the Foreign Policy Association. In addition to being quoted in the financial press daily, Chandler has been published in the Financial Times, Foreign Affairs, and the Washington Post. In 2009, Chandler was named a Business Visionary by Forbes. In 2009, his book, Making Sense of the Dollar, was published by Bloomberg Press and received a Bronze Award from Independent Publishers. Though a Chicago native and lifelong Cubs fan, Chandler currently resides in New York City with his wife, Jeannine, and son, Nathan.

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