Bye, Bye, Britain: Pain Ahead for the UK and GBP

UK and EU flags in front of Big Ben
Credit: Adobe

There are a few special days in my career that stand out because of the historical events I was privileged to live through and comment on – memorialize, perhaps – to my colleagues. The two that stand out most:  I remember the morning meeting I gave on 10 November 1989, the day after the Berlin Wall fell. Luckily in those pre-internet days I had a copy of Trotsky’s The Russian Revolution and so could get the quote right:  You are bankrupt, your role in history is played out. Go out where you belong – onto the dustheap of history. I remember the day Barack Obama was elected; choking back emotion, I quoted to my colleagues the words of Martin Luther King:  "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” I thought Obama’s election signaled that that day had arrived in the US. How wrong I was. 

But what am I to say to my colleagues today, Brexit Day? A day nearly as heavy with historical import, but for me, totally bereft of the hope and vision of a new, better future that these other landmark dates were imbued with. On the contrary, this seems to me to be a country rejecting the future and turning to a mythical past, and in the process committing economic and political suicide:  the impoverishment of the people leading, most likely, to the dissolution of the centuries-old alliance among the several nations of the United Kingdom. This time the map is being redrawn out of fear, not out of hope.

What can I say this time except to quote the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas:  Rage, rage against the dying of the light”?

Even the British government admits it’s going to be bad, bad, bad. You can see a PowerPoint presentation giving their estimates for the impact of Brexit. Or you can read a more detailed analysis here.

Here are some of their estimates.

The best-case scenario they have is that UK per capita GDP will be more or less unchanged to down 1.3%-1.9%. That’s the best case.

GDP per capita

Or how about this encouraging table, where the best-case scenario is -0.6% on GDP and the worst case is -9.3%?

GDP impact

I must admit, I didn’t read all 83 pages of this report. Nonetheless, in my brief examination I did not find one single instance where the Government predicted that the UK economy would be better off by leaving the EU.

The Brexiteers sold the country a lie that freed from the shackles of EU membership, Britain could forge new and better trading arrangements with its trading partners. Hah! If you believe that, then I have a bridge to sell you.

On the contrary, a recent article observed that Trump is threatening a damaging new trade war with the United Kingdom after Brexit. “As (UK PM) Johnson prepares to seek new trade deals outside the EU, the Trump administration is poised to take advantage of the UK's vulnerable new position on the world stage,” the article says. “In recent weeks, the president and his allies have issued a series of threats to the UK on everything from telecoms to vehicle tariffs to security cooperation…” To me, this report calls into question the whole economic logic of Brexit, if indeed there were any to begin with.

The problems that Britain will face working out new trade arrangements with most of the countries in the world is just one of the reasons why I am structurally bearish on GBP until further notice.

The country already has one of the largest current account deficits in the world relative to its economyWhat do you think will happen once Britain gets on worse trading terms with virtually every country on earth? Will nostalgia for the Commonwealth make up for reduced access to the Continent?

Bottom 10

Britain’s been able to finance this deficit for years thanks to net inflows of direct investment and portfolio investment. But the basic balance has turned negative as first direct investment, then portfolio investment dried up in the face of Brexit uncertainties. Next comes disinvestment.

UK basic balance

Meanwhile although nominal yields on gilts are still (just barely) positive:

Nominal 10yr yields

...the real yield on gilts is among the worst in the G10. And set to get worse if the currency falls, pushing up inflation, while the Bank of England has to cut rates in order to support the economy.

Real 10yr yields

There will of course be occasionally uptrends within the overall downtrend. It’s a truism in markets that nothing moves in a straight line. But as growth weakens, the Bank of England is likely to have to cut interest rates to support the economy even as the country’s primary balance moves more into deficit (larger current account deficit, less money coming in on the financial account). I suspect that by the time the UK and EU settle on their long-term arrangements at the end of this year, we may finally be able to hold that “Parity Party” that traders briefly prepared for in 1984.

GBP/USD since end of Bretton Woods

If not GBP/USD parity, then perhaps EUR/GBP parity.


Even granting that economics isn’t everything, especially in politics – national pride and independence are important too – but will Britain really be prouder to be poorer and smaller? The local assemblies of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland all refused to ratify the Withdrawal Agreement. The Scottish National Party is already angling for another independence referendum, while the December General Election changed the tone in Northern Ireland, resulting in more nationalists (those who want to unify Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic) than republicans (those who want to remain part of the UK) elect for the first time. On the other side of the border, in the Irish Republic, the opposition Sinn Fein party has pledged to press London for a vote on unification if it gets into power. “It is game on for unification and I think the thoughtful thing, the wise thing to do, is to plan from now,” said party leader Mary Lou McDonald.

God Save the Queen, because Her Majesty’s Government can’t or won’t.


The information and opinions in this report were prepared by Marshall Gittler. Though the information herein is believed to be reliable and has been obtained from public sources believed to be reliable, the author makes no representation as to its accuracy or completeness. This report is provided for informational purposes only and does not take into account the particular investment objectives, financial situations, or needs of individual traders. It is not an offer or a solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any financial instruments or to participate in any particular trading strategy.

The author is not acting as a financial adviser, consultant or fiduciary to you or any of your agents (collectively, “You” or “Your”) with respect to any information provided in this report. Information contained herein is being provided solely on the basis that the recipient will make an independent assessment of the merits of any investment decision, and it does not constitute a recommendation of, or express an opinion on, any product or service or any trading strategy. The information presented is general in nature and is not directed to retirement accounts or any specific person or account type, and is therefore provided to You on the express basis that it is not advice, and You may not rely upon it in making Your decision.

The author may hold positions in any of the currencies that he is writing about. He may also be holding debt or equity securities in any of the markets or issuers he writes on.

Hyperlinks to third-party websites in this report are provided for reader convenience only. The author neither endorses the content nor is responsible for the accuracy or security controls of those websites.

'The key is not to predict the future, but to prepare for it.'  Pericles, 500 BCE

The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

Other Topics

World Markets

Marshall Gittler

Marshall Gittler: Head of Investment Research at BDSwiss Group -- Marshall is a renowned expert in the field of fundamental analysis, with over 30 years’ experience researching the markets. His career spans a range of elite investment banks and international securities firms including UBS, Merrill Lynch, Bank of America and Deutsche Bank. Marshall has established himself as global thought leader, educating and delivering high level FX research, helping traders to make the best trading decisions.

Read Marshall's Bio