Itâs hard to participate in the influencer economy from Cuba, but YouTuber Erich GarcÃa Cruz is making it work.Â
âWe do not have access to Visa cards or Mastercard products because of the [U.S. trade] embargo,â Cruz explained. âWe are monetized through YouTube.âÂ
Bitcoin is one of many tools he uses to turn those dollar earnings, in foreign bank accounts, into rent and grocery money in Cuba. Most of the freelancers around the world using bitcoin as borderless money appear to be programmers or other types of technical workers. However, Cruz is among the slowly growing number of content creators relying on bitcoin as well.Â
Cruz monetized his tech-centric YouTube channel back in November 2019 and started working with bitcoin around July 2020, inspired by tales from local friends. Itâs harder to move around and do business outside these days, in Cuba as it is everywhere. Meanwhile, Cruz said more people in the local tech community are learning about bitcoin.Â
âThousands of Cubans buy cards at Bitrefill to consume those digital services by paying with cryptocurrencies. There is no other way,â Cruz said.
Bitcoin in Cuba
Itâs impossible to say definitively how many people in Cuba use bitcoin. Brazil-based Cuban expat Claudia Rodriguez said her exchange served nearly 7,000 Cuban user accounts by November 2019. As of August 2020, she said, the exchangeâs operations there stopped for legal reasons, including a lack of regulatory clarity from the Central Bank of Cuba.Â
âDue to the economic crisis caused by the pandemic and the new restrictions in Cuba, cryptocurrencies can be an efficient solution,â Rodriguez said. âIt is a shame that we cannot continue to support the community at this time.âÂ
Regardless, Cruz estimated there are now roughly 50,000 Cuban bitcoin users in this socialist nation of roughly 11.3 million people. He, like many Cubans sanctioned by the U.S., doesnât acquire bitcoin through exchanges. Instead, Cruz earns his money abroad, with the help of a relative. The relative may send Cruz bitcoin as remittances or other forms of money as well.Â
âThe money earned in Cuba is exchanged in the informal market to later buy [goods] in state-run or private stores,â Cruz said. âThere [are] Cubans even making money with [both crypto and fiat] trading.â
Cruz said his reliance on bitcoin swiftly went from 10% of his earnings to now a third of his household income.Â
Looking for products and services to manage his newfound crypto showed him thereâs an opportunity for his YouTube channel to monetize Spanish-language crypto content.Â
Read more: Bitcoin in Emerging Markets: Latin America
âI realized that all these [crypto] platforms are simply pyramid schemes and scams that take advantage of ignorance,â Cruz said. âThat is why I considered addressing those issues on [my] Bachecubano channel, to offer our correct point of view on how to use them.â
Cruz is now one of a small and widely dispersed group of Latin American influencers who use bitcoin as a tool for their daily work.Â
Fabiano Dias, vice president of business development at the startup Bitwage, said a couple of Latin American YouTubers now use bitcoin as an international payments tool.
âWe also serve YouTube streamers, which are few in numbers but large in volumes. Itâs up to $20,000 a month for some of them,â Dias said, adding they are a minority among hundreds of monthly users from the tech industry.Â
Overall, Dias said Bitwage facilitated $2 million worth of transactions in July 2020, including work with companies like Paxful, half of which was in bitcoin. Dozens of YouTubers rely on Bitwage for fiat money management, especially in Argentina and Brazil. A couple of them use it for acquiring bitcoin as well.
As for Cruz in Cuba, he described the local crypto scene as âgrowing and gaining strengthâ throughout 2020.Â
âItâs a solution,â he said. âA pretty effective solution.âÂ
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