Avoiding the 3 Pitfalls of 'Buy & Hold' Investing

Stocks have done exceptionally well over the last few years. But the scars of the 2008 crash are still making many investors question their long-held beliefs, including the virtues of 'buy & hold' investing. This shows up through weak money flows into equity mutual funds, which have yet to fully reverse despite the market's strong gains in recent years. On top of this are claims from purveyors of market timing who never tire of reminding us that this investment strategy is no longer relevant to the current uncertain environment.

But long-term investing, particularly a 'buy & hold' approach, remains as relevant today as it ever has been. And notwithstanding naysayers' claims to the contrary, empirical evidence continues to show the long-term superiority of a 'buy & hold' strategy over any other investing approach.

But to adequately benefit from this tested and proven strategy, investors need to guard against three major pitfalls. Here they are:

1) 'Buy & Hold' Doesn't Mean 'Buy & Forget'

Staying engaged with your portfolio is a must. Investing for the long run doesn't mean that you lose sight of developments in your portfolio. The 'buy & forget' mantra is a simplified take on the typically long holding horizons of investment icons such as Warren Buffett.

Buffett may be in the habit of keeping his investments for the long term, but he stays fully tuned into what's happening in each of his holdings. While the Oracle of Omaha is no doubt one of the most successful and famous exponents of the 'buy & hold' investing approach, he is by no means the only one. All of the successful practitioners of this approach stay well informed of what is going on with each of their holdings.

2) Don't Fall for the 'Buy What You Know' Mantra

Guard against the simplistic beauty of the 'buy what you know' mantra; another one of those skin-deep lessons learned from Warren Buffett's investment style.

Adherents of this 'philosophy' load up on stocks from a bunch of companies whose products they use. And then they keep those stocks forever, a la Buffett who has famously hung onto his investment holdings for years.

MORE . . .


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Being familiar with a company's product(s) is a useful, but not necessary, starting point to 'knowing' it as an investment opportunity. The decision to buy the company's stock should follow a thorough, due diligence process that gives you a solid appreciation of the company's prospects, competitive position and the proper value of its stock.

In fact, studies show that people have a crippling blind spot when it comes to stocks that they think they know. Too often they will overlook the negatives of the firm because they have fallen in love with the stock. Love is nice in your personal life, but there is no place for passion and emotions while evaluating stocks.

3) Stick With a Plan

Avoid haphazardly or randomly filling your portfolio with stocks you like. Always build your portfolio around an investment outlook and stay ready to make adjustments should that outlook change.

I am not suggesting here that you need to have an elaborate and explicit outlook for GDP growth in the next quarter or year, but you absolutely need to have a base-case sense for the economy and the markets.

If you expect a major economic downturn in the coming 12 - 18 months, your choice of investments would be very different from someone looking forward to a goldilocks-type scenario.

And you must stay nimble and flexible enough to adjust your positions should your outlook change.

Putting It All Together

Please keep each of these pitfalls in mind while putting together your stock portfolio to increase your odds of success. Note that we here at Zacks have been successfully managing an annual 'buy & hold' portfolio for many years. We call it Zacks Top 10 Stocks, a portfolio featuring 10 stocks I personally select and then actively monitor on your behalf. We are about to come out with Zacks Top 10 Stocks for 2016.

We construct this portfolio by first taking a look at the economic and earnings outlook. Then we narrow in on the industries that we believe will outperform and stay away from the others. From there, we use our proprietary stock-rating system to help select the best stocks in those favorable groups. In 2015, we handily beat the market by returning +11.9% through the end of November while the S&P gained next to nothing. The Zacks Top 10 portfolio returned +10.8% and +46.5% in 2014 and 2013, respectively.

The investment landscape is never easy to navigate, but the situation has become particularly challenging given the uncertain backdrop on the home front as well as abroad. Rest assured, however, that the stocks we have picked for 2016 fully take into account the opportunities and challenges waiting for us in the New Year.

Get a head start by taking full advantage of this long-term investing opportunity by being among the first to see the 10 stocks when they're released on Monday, January 4. After all, the sooner you invest in the Zacks Top 10 Stocks, the more you figure to gain. Plus, you will be well positioned to withstand any market uncertainty with fewer worries in the year ahead.

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Happy Investing,

Sheraz Mian

Sheraz Mian is the Director of Research. He determines which valuable data to use to assess winning stocks and funds. He is a contributor for Zacks Equity Research and Earnings Analysis, and is also the Editor of Zacks Top 10 Stocks for 2016.

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The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

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