By Michael Nienaber
BERLIN, April 17 (Reuters) - The German government cut its forecast for 2019 economic growth for the second time in three months on Wednesday, reflecting a worsening slowdown driven by a recession in manufacturing.
German exporters are struggling with weaker demand from abroad, trade tensions triggered by U.S. President Donald Trump's "America First" policies and business uncertainty caused by Britain's planned departure from the European Union.
The government now expects gross domestic product to grow 0.5 percent this year, Economy Minister Peter Altmaier told reporters as hepresented the spring forecast. For 2020, the government now envisages a consumption-driven rebound with economic expansion of 1.5 percent.
In January, the government cut its forecast to 1.0 percent growth from 1.8 percent previously.
Altmaier said the slowing world economy, trade disputes and Brexit uncertainty were weighing on the German economy. Domestic factors include the introduction of new car-emission regulations and unusually low Rhine water levels, which have led to supply and production bottlenecks.
Import growth is expected to surpass export growth in both 2019 and 2020, which is likely to reduce the large trade surplus further.
"The current account surplus will continue to shrink continuously and will go down to 6.4 percent (of GDP) in 2020," the economy ministry said in its spring forecast.
Government measures such as higher child benefits and increased pensions for mothers will give the economy an additional boost this year, Altmaier said.
He called on the centre-left Social Democrats, the junior partners in Chancellor Angela Merkel's governing coalition, to support tax cuts for companies and agree on refraining from any measures that could burden the private sector.
NO EXTRA PACKAGE
While rejecting calls from allies for consumption-oriented fiscal stimulus, Altmaier said the government should now focus on supporting companies by cutting red tape and lowering corporate levies.
Germany's BDI industry association urged the government to set more incentives for climate-friendly corporate investments and to slash taxes for companies.
"The best times for the economy are over," BDI Managing Director Joachim Lang said. "The government may not lose any more time."
Finance Minister Olaf Scholz told the world's financial elite gathering in Washington last week that Berlin is already spending its record budget surplus on investment in infrastructure and support for families with low or medium incomes.
In a Reuters interview last Wednesday, Scholz said that Germany would use parts of its budget surplus to support corporate research and development with incentives worth 1.25 billion euros annually, without a time limit.