PROFIT MARGIN: [FAIL]
This methodology seeks companies with a minimum trailing 12 month after tax profit margin of 7%. The companies that pass this criterion have strong positions within their respective industries and offer greater shareholder returns. A true test of the quality of a company is that they can sustain this margin. PSO's profit margin of 4.96% fails this test.
RELATIVE STRENGTH: [FAIL]
The investor must look at the relative strength of the company in question. Companies whose relative strength is 90 or above (that is, the company outperforms 90% or more of the market for the past year), are considered attractive. Companies whose price has been rising much quicker than the market tend to keep rising. PSO, with a relative strength of 62, fails this test.
COMPARE SALES AND EPS GROWTH TO THE SAME PERIOD LAST YEAR: [FAIL]
Companies must demonstrate both revenue and net income growth of at least 25% as compared to the prior year. These growth rates give you the dynamic companies that you are looking for. These rates for PSO (18.18% for EPS, and 0.36% for Sales) are not good enough to pass.
INSIDER HOLDINGS: [FAIL]
PSO's insiders should own at least 10% (they own 4.35%) of the company's outstanding shares. This does not satisfy the minimum requirement, and companies that do not pass this criteria are less attractive.
CASH FLOW FROM OPERATIONS: [FAIL]
A positive cash flow is typically used for internal expansion, acquisitions, dividend payments, etc. A company that generates rather than consumes cash is in much better shape to fund such activities on their own, rather than needing to borrow funds to do so. PSO's free cash flow of $-0.24 per share fails this test.
PROFIT MARGIN CONSISTENCY: [PASS]
PSO's profit margin has been consistent or even increasing over the past three years (Current year: 9.66%, Last year: 10.61%, Two years ago: 6.27%), passing the requirement. It is a sign of good management and a healthy and competitive enterprise.
R&D AS A PERCENTAGE OF SALES: [NEUTRAL]
This criterion is not critically important for companies that are not high-tech or medical stocks because they are not as R&D dependant as companies within those sectors. Not much emphasis should be placed on this test in PSO's case.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS: [FAIL]
Unfortunately, the data is unavailable for PSO. Hence, an opinion cannot be rendered.
INVENTORY TO SALES: [PASS]
This methodology strongly believes that companies, especially small ones, should have tight control over inventory. It's a warning sign if a company's inventory relative to sales increases significantly when compared to the previous year. Up to a 30% increase is allowed, but no more. Inventory to Sales for PSO was 4.42% last year, while for this year it is 4.60%. Although the inventory to sales is rising, it is below the max 30% that is allowed. The investor can still consider the stock if all other criteria appear very attractive.
ACCOUNT RECEIVABLE TO SALES: [PASS]
This methodology wants to make sure that a company's accounts receivable do not get significantly out of line with sales. It's a warning sign if a company's accounts receivable relative to sales increases significantly when compared to the previous year. Up to a 30% increase is allowed, but no more. Accounts Receivable to Sales for PSO was 20.69% last year, while for this year it is 24.31%. Although the AR to sales is rising, it is below the max 30% that is allowed. The investor can still consider the stock if all other criteria appear very attractive.
LONG TERM DEBT/EQUITY RATIO: [FAIL]
PSO's trailing twelve-month Debt/Equity ratio (31.49%) is too high, according to this methodology. You can find other more superior companies that do not have to borrow money in order to grow.
"THE FOOL RATIO" (P/E TO GROWTH): [FAIL]
The "Fool Ratio" is an extremely important aspect of this analysis. Unfortunately, PSO's "Fool Ratio" is not available due to a lack of one or more important figures. Hence, an opinion cannot be given at this time.
The following criteria for PSO are less important which means you would place less emphasis on them when making your investment decision using this strategy:
AVERAGE SHARES OUTSTANDING: [FAIL]
PSO has either issued a significant amount of new shares over the past year or has been issuing more and more shares over the past five years. PSO currently has 814.0 million shares outstanding. Neither of these are a good sign. Generally when a small-cap company issues more stock, the existing stock becomes devalued by the market, and hence diluted.
Companies with sales less than $500 million should be chosen. It is among these small-cap stocks that investors can find "an uncut gem", ones that institutions won't be able to buy yet. PSO's sales of $7,676.6 million based on trailing 12 month sales, are too high and would therefore fail the test. It is companies with $500 million or less in sales that are most likely to double or triple in size in the next few years.
DAILY DOLLAR VOLUME: [FAIL]
PSO does not meet the Daily Dollar Volume (DDV of $0.0 million) test. It is required that this number be greater than $1 million and less than $25 million because these are the stocks that are liquid but remain relatively undiscovered by institutions. PSO is too illiquid to be considered attractive at this time.
This is a very insignificant criterion for this methodology. But basically, low prices are chosen because "small numbers multiply more rapidly than large ones" and the potential for big returns expands. PSO's price is not currently available. Therefore the current price cannot be evaluated at this time.
INCOME TAX PERCENTAGE: [PASS]
PSO's income tax paid expressed as a percentage of pretax income this year was (20.66%) and last year (22.78%) are greater than 20% which is an acceptable level. If the tax rate is below 20% this could mean that the earnings that were reported were unrealistically inflated due to the lower level of income tax paid. This is a concern.