Long-Term Evolution (LTE), the most sought after
next-generation (4G) super-fast wireless communications
technology, is rapidly gaining momentum globally. The 4G wireless
network aims to cope with substantial demand for high-speed
wireless data services and mobile video.
The GSM Association's research wing, GMSA Intelligence,
recently revealed that there will be more than 1 billion LTE
connections globally by 2017. Currently, there are approximately
176 million LTE connections worldwide. By 2017, there will be
around 465 LTE networks across 128 countries.
LTE offersseveral advantages over legacy 3G network
technologies or its competing WiMAX technology. This includes
improved spectral efficiency, lower costs, and solid integration
with other open wireless standards.Theoretically, LTE is expected
to achieve download transmission speed up to 300Mbps and upload
transmission speed up to 100 Mbps.These positives are encouraging
the switch to LTE technology
LTE also supports flexible carrier bandwidth and both FDD
(frequency division duplexing) and TDD (time division duplexing)
on the same platform. Ability to incrementally increase speed and
capacity are the major hallmarks for its acceptability to
In the U.S., the two leading wireless operators, namely,
Verizon Communications Inc.
) are gradually expanding their respective LTE networks.
), the nation's third largest telecom firm, has undertaken a
massive project to deploy LTE network. In China - a major
emerging market - leading wireless operator
China Mobile Ltd.
) will initiate a significant LTE-TDD network deployment in
GSMA Intelligence further reported that LTE users consume an
average of 1.5GB data per month, two-fold the amount consumed by
non-LTE users. In the developing countries, LTE users can
generate 20 times higher average revenue per user (ARPU) to
carriers than non-LTE users, whereas in the developed countries
ARPU can be 10%-40% higher for LTE users instead of non-LTE
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