Is Less Vacation the Real Solution to Europe's Woes?


The more you dig into the situation in Europe, the more complex and, yet, simple the situation becomes.

My favorite headline from yesterday's news was a newsflash that the Finance Ministers of Europe were meeting Monday and Tuesday to "tie up the loose ends from the most recent EU Summit."

Loose ends? Really? The only thing to come out of the 19th summit was a MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) saying that the leaders were planning on doing some stuff at some point in the distant future.

Call me cynical if you must, but of the "grand plans" that have emerged from the various summits since the summer of 2010, this one appears to be the weakest.

How does a single banking regulator (which may or may not be created by 2014) fix the fact that the banks in Europe are largely insolvent? How does the MOU solve the problem that the nations themselves spend more money than they take in each year, relying on the "kindness of strangers" to make ends meet? Yes, I know that a singular authority on the banks will indeed help ensure that a future crisis does not arise. But folks, the cows have left the barn and are still wandering aimlessly around that gorgeous European countryside as we speak.

Had the latest and greatest EU "grand plan" involved the creation of the much ballyhooed USofE, or at least a serious discussion thereof, then perhaps I could sign on to the bull case for Europe.

If each of the 17 countries were willing to cast aside their sovereignty and join forces as one united fiscal entity that share revenues and debts, then maybe, just maybe, the idea of a Eurobond would make sense. But as things stand right now, it appears that the Eurozone - assuming it stays together - is looking a lot like Japan (EWJ) did in 1990. And as Angela Merkel has proclaimed time and time again, there is no easy fix to the problem.

Unlike a corporation, which can simply issue stock to the public and, in turn, pay down debt with the proceeds, a sovereign nation doesn't have equity to sell. Thus, like a family of five living in the suburbs with a big mortgage, two cars, boat, vacation home, two dogs, a cat, and no less than six maxed-out credit cards, the nations of the Eurozone are going to need to figure out how to earn more or spend less (a lot less). And to continue our little analogy of living the all-American suburban dream, it's as if Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain (EWP), and Italy (EWI) have just seen their respective wives lose their jobs.

There are two other options available to the countries of the Eurozone (EZU), neither of which, though, is very palatable.

First, the countries could abandon the Euro and simply hit CTRL+P until the debts are paid off. Or, as Greece has already done to a certain degree, the sovereigns could default on the current debts and start fresh. But given the ramifications involved in each of these options, it appears that this dysfunctional family is going to need to figure out some other way to cut spending and pay down the debt.

The good news is that just yesterday a solution appears to have presented itself via a La Republica article. It turns out that the Under-Secretary of the Economy in Italy, Gianfranco Polillo, told the paper, "We are in a country where you work an average of nine months a year, and I think that now we must think that these nine months are too short."

It turns out that the concept of a work ethic is somewhat foreign to these southern European countries. (This reminds me of the old saw, "Socialism is great until you run out of other people's money to spend.") If you've ever traveled in France (EWQ), Italy, or Spain, you are undoubtedly aware that shops are closed from 2:00 pm until 5:00 pm. And in France a tired and hungry tourist can't even think about having dinner before 7:00 pm because - wait for it - the restaurants are all closed (yes, even in a tourist town such as Chamonix).

It is also widely understood that there are three weeks in the summer where the whole place is on vacation. So, as I left France last summer, I told my wife that I could add 1% to then-President Sarkozy's GDP in a heartbeat just by making a few modest changes to the work week.

In short, this is what Italy's Mr. Polillo was referring to. The Under-Secretary opined, "If we gave up one week of vacation, we would have an immediate impact on GDP of around 1%."

Now granted, the idea of increasing 1% with one extra week of work may have been an exaggeration. However, the concept is pretty straightforward. Like our suburban family of five, it looks like the PIIGS may have to get out there and work a little harder in order to keep the debt collectors from their doorsteps.

The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of The NASDAQ OMX Group, Inc.

This article appears in: Investing , Economy , Forex and Currencies , International

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David Moenning

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