Ian Gordon: Hedging With Gold Against Imminent Economic
Source: George Mack of
The Gold Report
After leaving the securities brokerage industry in 2009, Ian
Gordon founded Longwave Analytics and Longwave Strategies to focus
on protecting investors from what he believes is a global
macroeconomic meltdown that is already underway. Gordon proposes
that physical gold and certain gold stocks will be investors' best
hedge and overall solution to the worst financial crisis the world
has seen. In this exclusive interview with
The Gold Report,
Gordon shares his thoughts on the current economic mess and
how investors can take action now.
: AFRICAN QUEEN MINES - AGNICO-EAGLE MINES LTD. -
BARKERVILLE GOLD MINES LTD.
- COLIBRI RESOURCE CORP. - FIRE RIVER GOLD CORP. - FREEGOLD
VENTURES LIMITED - GOLDEN GOLIATH RESOURCES LTD. - NORTHERN
FREEGOLD RESOURCES -
PC GOLD INC.
- TEMEX RESOURCES CORP. -
TERRACO GOLD CORP.
The Gold Report:
You founded this firm based on your long wave theory that is
based on the Kondratieff Cycle. How is this same or different from
We have gone significantly beyond Kondratieff's original
thesis published in 1925. I am very proud that we have made the
cycle far more encompassing than Kondratieff would have ever
envisioned. For instance, one of the key things we have done is
identify an investment cycle within the long cycle. This is an
extremely valuable tool for investors, which allows them to make
appropriate investment decisions in each quarter of the cycle.
Do you feel that you have legitimized the Kondratieff Cycle
beyond theory and as a general principle?
Well, I think we have. The proof is in the pudding. We have
been able to recognize exactly where we are in the cycle and
envision what the implications are likely to be. I think we have
been able to pinpoint that with a great deal of accuracy the
critical aspects of the cycle and how these relate to the economy
and to investing.
You obviously can't expect investors to wait through an
80-year super cycle. You've managed to isolate the bull and bear
markets. Is that what you are saying?
Yes, we have not only been able to isolate the bull and bear
markets, but also we have been able to identify the best and most
appropriate investments for each quarter of the cycle, and they
generally work throughout that quarter. We have broken the cycle
into the four seasons. We call it a lifetime cycle because it is
60-80 years, and each of its seasons is approximately 15-20 years,
a quarter of the cycle. By the way, this is the fourth cycle, and
it has always repeated pretty well the same in every cycle.
Certainly essential investment decisions have been the same for
each of the seasons in the cycle.
Take it from the beginning.
Spring essentially renews economic growth. It is the rebirth
of the economy following the winter of the cycle, which is the time
when the economy dies and when debt is wrung out of the system.
Because spring is the rebirth, stocks and real estate make
appropriate investments and do very well for investors. We can show
from our current cycle, which we maintain began in 1949, that the
Dow Jones Industrial Average rises from 161 points at the beginning
of spring and ends at 995 points at the end of spring. Of course,
real estate also does exceptionally well during this period.
Then, following spring we move to the summer, which began in
1966 in our current cycle. We have always had inflation in summer
because there has always been a war in this part of the cycle, and
that war has always been financed through a huge expansion of the
money supply. In the first cycle, it was the War of 1812. In the
second cycle, it was the U.S. Civil War. In the third cycle, it was
the First World War from 1914 to 1918. And, in the fourth cycle, it
was the Vietnam War. With that inflation, stocks do not do that
well and essentially make no gains. If anything, stocks end summer
about 30% below the point from where they began. Conversely, gold
performs exceptionally well, as do all commodities. Gold goes from
$35/ounce (oz.) in 1966 to $850/oz. in 1980, and the Dow goes from
995 at the end of spring and ends the summer at 777 points. Real
estate continues to do well in the summer of the cycle.
Four things always anticipate the onset of autumn in every
cycle: These are the peak in interest rates; the peak in the
consumer price index; the bear market in stocks such as the one
that occurred between 1981 and 1982; and a recession. Now, autumn
is always the point from which stocks, bonds and real estate
perform the best in the cycle. It is the most speculative period in
the cycle, and it is when debt really starts to build
exponentially, and so gold performs very poorly in this portion of
the cycle. In fact, gold prices go from that $850/oz. peak at the
end of summer to $250/oz. at the end of autumn, and the Dow goes
from 777 to 11,750 and real estate continues to perform very, very
well. So, real estate has a three-season growth period and stocks
have a two-season growth period, to the end of autumn, while gold
has a one-season growth period.
The winter of the cycle, which we call the payback period, is
when the economy dies. It goes into a deflationary depression
overcome by the overwhelming debt in the system that has built-up
principally through autumn. When we get into winter, we get very
defensive and we move into gold, which performs exceptionally well,
as do gold stocks. The general stock market performs abysmally.
Between 1929 and 1932, the Dow lost 90% of its value. And, real
estate also performs very, very poorly on account of the economic
depression and the fact that homeowners have assumed huge mortgage
debt to purchase their homes. During this time many people lose
their homes because they are unable to make the mortgage payments.
House prices decline to very low levels and in many cases mortgage
debt is significantly higher than the value of the home.
Where are we in the cycle now?
We are in the winter. The signal of the onset of winter was
the peak in stock prices in January 2000 for the Dow and March 2000
for the NASDAQ. That was the end of autumn. And, yes, the Dow was
higher than that in October 2007, but, again, that was really an
abnormality created by paper money systems. The Federal Reserve was
able to print copious amounts of money, pump it into the economy
and revive the stock market after 2000 and into 2007. That money
printing also contributed to the greatest real estate bubble in
history and we know what the outcome of that bubble is.
I'm looking at your dire wintery target prediction that the
Dow Jones Industrial Average will descend by more than 90% to 1,000
from current levels that are around 11,000. It sounds like a global
economic meltdown of unseen proportions.
Politicians are desperately trying to revive the economy by
printing even more money. So, this bear market that started in 2000
continues in 2011. Normally bear markets last about one-third the
time of the preceding bull market; obviously that has not been the
case this time. So, we think when the end does come, it is going to
be very traumatic. Eventually the Federal Reserve will lose control
and will not be able to get the stock market reignited because it
will reflect the reality in the economy. We think the Dow at 1,000
is probably a little optimistic. We think it could go below that to
something like 500 if we were to emulate the 1929-1932
That translates into massive unemployment, does it not?
It translates into an economy that's basically a disaster:
massive unemployment, huge bankruptcies, breadlines and a
government that, in fact, can't raise the cash to support the
depression. Remember, going into the last depression the U.S.
government was extremely wealthy, and America was the world's
largest creditor nation by a huge margin. The U.S. government debt
had been paid down all the way through the 1920s, and it went into
the last depression with government debt of only $16 billion. When
the depression hit, the government had oodles of cash to throw at
it to get the economy going. Yet it was never effectively able to
do that. The Second World War brought us out of the depression.
Ian, I know you said gold will perform quite well in this
kind of environment, and so I assume you believe there is much more
upside yet for gold.
Well, I do. One of the ways that we've always been able to
measure where we think gold is going to go is simply using the
Dow/Gold ratio, the value of the Dow Jones Industrial Average
divided by the price for an ounce of gold. When this ratio reaches
extreme highs, stocks have performed exceptionally well. So, we
would anticipate that it would reach an extreme high at the end of
spring of our current cycle, and so it did when it was about 28:1.
In other words, it took 28 ounces of gold to buy the Dow Jones. And
at the end of summer, gold performs well, and stocks don't. It went
down to a 1:1 relationship that was the lowest low, which we have
seen twice. But, we are envisioning that we are going to go below
1:1 simply because we made an all time high at the end of autumn of
44:1. The decline must be in proportion to the advance. So, we
think the decline is going to take us to something like a quarter
to one (0.25:1), which is $4,000/oz. gold and a Dow of 1,000. We're
currently at about 6:1 on the ratio.
What about gold equities versus physical gold? Will gold
equities climb this wall of fear into this winter cycle?
Well, we know that between 1929 and 1936 gold equities
performed exceptionally well. I think that the reason that they
haven't performed that well recently, particularly in the junior
sector, is that [non-gold] stocks have generally performed pretty
well aided and abetted by the Federal Reserve. If the bear market
had followed its normal course, it should have ended in 2006, but
it did not follow that normal course. So, once that bear market
begins in earnest and once the Federal Reserve loses control of the
stock market, we believe that the gold stocks will begin to mirror
the actual price of gold, for which our forecast is $4,000/oz. And,
that may be conservative because we believe that when the whole
debt bubble continues to unravel that you won't be able to obtain
gold at any price. But at $4,000/oz., the gold stocks will perform
This would be a dramatic divergence between gold equities and
non-gold equities. What are your recommendations for investors?
Well, we have always believed that you should definitely own
the physical metal as well as the equities. And we have always had
a big belief in the performance of the juniors because of the
leverage that they provide to the price of gold.
Where do investors go? Which equities?
Well, one that we like very, very much is
Barkerville Gold Mines Ltd. (BGM:TSX.V)
. The reason we like the company is that it is in production. It's
producing 25 thousand ounces (Koz.)/year of gold from its QR
deposit in central British Columbia, Once it receive its permits to
mine the Bonanza Ledge deposit, and that should be very soon,
production will increase to 50 Koz. per annum. This makes the
company very positive on a cash-flow basis. Barkerville is also
finding and adding quite dramatically to its ounces in the ground
position. It is going to bring in a second mill, and once that is
permitted, production will rise to about 150 Koz./year. It is
targeting 2013 for the second mill to be up and running.
Over the past 12 weeks, Barkerville is down 30%, and yet it
still has a market cap of $100 million. It looks like shares have
I own a lot of it; it could be 30% of my stock
So Barkerville would be your favorite?
It's my favorite, but there are also others that I like an
awful lot. I love
PC Gold Inc. (PKL:TSX)
which I own. The company is in Pickle Lake, Ontario. I sort of
trust Canadian mining, not because I'm a Canadian, but just because
I feel it has been our heritage for so long. The Canadian
government is always going to be a party to it. PC Gold has a very,
very rich underground mine at Pickle Lake, and it has outlined
about 1.2 million ounces (Moz.). PC Gold has also discovered a
surface zone. It's going to be a lower grade, but this gold in the
ground has got to be worth something.
PC Gold hit $1.80 in April 2010, and I think it's trading at
around $0.47 right now. The other thing about PC Gold is that it
has about $7.5 million in cash in the bank. So, even if we are in a
major credit crunch, and I suspect we are, PC Gold has money to
outlive a credit crunch and then get back on track and eventually
be able to put its mine back into production.
The $7.5 million on its balance sheet represents about a
third of its market cap.
Right. We're very keen on it and we own a lot of shares, all
of which I bought in the market. I'm very happy to own this
Another one that we think a lot of is
Colibri Resource Corp. (CBI:TSX.V)
. All of the Colibri properties are in Sonora, Mexico. One of its
properties is very near La Herradura, which is owned by Newmont
Mining Corp. (NEM: NYSE) and Fresnillo PLC (
). It's a 12 Moz. deposit that consistently seems to stay at 12
Moz. In other words, as fast as the joint-venture partners mine the
deposit, they replace it with new found gold. The Colibri property
is about 12 km. from La Herradura and it has almost the identical
geology to La Herradura.
Agnico-Eagle Mines Ltd. (AEM:TSX; AEM:NYSE)
is doing a joint venture earn-in on that property. So, you've
got a major producer earning into that property and, if successful
as Newmont and Fresnillo have been at La Herradura, it will take
Colibri into production and hopefully find the 12 Moz. plus that
they've found at La Herradura. I think it is very, very cheap.
Agnico owns just under 20% of the company and Sprott Asset
Management owns just under 20% and my wife and I own just under
10%. So, effectively, that's half of the company's shares. Colibri
has about $2 million cash, and it has an excellent board.
I'm looking at Colibri's market cap of about $7.2 million.
I'm thinking that would scare a lot of people off.
Well, I'm not scared off because Agnico is not going to allow
this company to flounder. I'm sure it's going to support it. And I
don't think Sprott is going to allow this company to flounder given
the fantastic assets that it has.
Another company that has just gone on our website is
Terraco Gold Corp. (TEN:TSX.V)
. I own shares in the company and I really like Terraco. It owns
100% of a property in Idaho called the Almaden Project, which it
bought from a company in financial distress. The property has just
under 1 Moz. already defined in an NI 43-101. Again, this company
has a very, very strong board. Terraco has another property in
Nevada, the Moonlight Project, which adjoins the north side of
Barrick Gold Corporation (ABX:TSX; ABX:NYSE) and Midway Gold
Corp.'s (MDW:TSX.V; MDW:NYSE.A) Spring Valley Project. We think
that this company will do exceptionally well for
Was there one more you wanted to mention?
Actually there are several other companies that I like, but
let me mention a couple more and give you the names of some other
companies that I own. I am particularly fond of
Temex Resources Corp. (TME:TSX.V; TQ1:FSE)
, which has all its properties in Ontario. One of the properties
has outlined an NI 43-101 resource of about 1.2 Moz. of gold. It is
also now drilling and being very successful on a property that it
has in the Timmins gold camp, of which it owns about 60%.
Goldcorp Inc. (G:TSX; GG:NYSE)
owns 40%. So, that particular mine was the richest mine in
the Timmins camp. I own a lot of shares, and I have just purchased
more shares in a private placement that the company is now
Another company that I have long owned and think will ultimately
perform very well for shareholders is
Golden Goliath Resources Ltd. (GNG:TSX.V;
. The properties are all in Mexico and several have had significant
past producing gold and silver mines on them. Agnico-Eagle owns
about 8% of the company's shares and Sprott Asset management owns a
little less than 20%. The company is working toward a joint venture
agreement with Agnico-Eagle on its Las Bolas property.
Other companies that I own and like are
African Queen Mines (AQ:TSX.V)
Fire River Gold Corp. (FAU:TSX.V; FVGCF:OTCQX)
Freegold Ventures Limited (FVL:TSX)
Northern Freegold Resources (NFR:TSX.V)
. All these companies have significant gold in the ground assets.
Fire River Gold is in production. I would encourage prospective
investors to visit the companys' websites and read through the
corporate presentations and even to phone the presidents of
companies before they make a decision to purchase shares.
My final question is, how long will winter last?
It will last until the debt has been eradicated from the
economies of the world. So, to give it a date is difficult. If the
whole world monetary system collapses under the massive mountain of
debt that has accumulated worldwide, then it will happen reasonably
fast, and a new world monetary system will evolve. I think that new
system will be based on gold.
Ian, this has been very valuable. Thank you.
Thank you very much for having me.
A globally renowned economic forecaster, author and
is founder and chairman of the Longwave Group, comprising
two companies-Longwave Analytics and Longwave Strategies. The
former specializes in Ian's ongoing study and analysis of the
Longwave Principle originally expounded by Nikolai Kondratiev.
With Longwave Strategies, Gordon assists select precious metal
companies in financings. Educated in England, Gordon graduated
from the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst. After a few years
serving as a platoon commander in a Scottish regiment, he moved
to Canada in 1967 and entered the University of Manitoba's
History Department. Taking that step has had a profound impact
because, during this period, he began to study the historical
trends that ultimately provided the foundation for his Long Wave
theory. Gordon has been publishing his Long Wave Analyst website
since 1998. Eric Sprott, chairman, CEO and portfolio manager at
Sprott Asset Management, describes Gordon as "a rare breed in the
investment-advisor arena." He notes that Gordon's forecasts "have
taken on a life force of their own and if you care to listen,
Gordon will tell you how it will all end."
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1) George Mack of
The Gold Report
conducted this interview. He personally and/or his family own
shares of the following companies mentioned in this interview:
2) The following companies mentioned in the interview are sponsors
The Gold Report:
Barkerville Gold Mines Ltd., PC Gold Inc., Terraco Gold
Corp., Goldcorp Inc.
3) Ian Gordon: I personally and/or my family own shares of the
following companies mentioned in this interview: Barkerville Gold
Mines, Colibri Resources, Terraco Gold, Temex Resources, Golden
Goliath, African Queen Mines, Fire River Gold, Freegold Ventures,
Northern Freegold. My company, Long Wave Analytics, is paid by all
the aforementioned companies to appear on the company's
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