Central African Republic foes sign Church-mediated peace accord

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UPDATE 2-Central African Republic foes sign Church-mediated peace accord

(Adds reaction from Bangui, reports of ongoing violence)
    By Philip PullellaROME, June 19 (Reuters) - The government of the Central
African Republic and 13 of the 14 armed groups in the country on
Monday signed an accord aimed at ending an ethic and religious
conflict that has killed thousands of people.
    The deal, which was mediated by the Roman Catholic Sant'
Egidio peace group and signed at their headquarters in Rome,
calls for an immediate end to hostilities and recognition of the
results of last year's presidential elections.
    The country has been plagued by inter-religious and
inter-communal conflict since 2013, when the mainly Muslim
Seleka rebels seized power, prompting reprisals from the
anti-Balaka militia, many of whose fighters are nominally
    The Sant' Egidio group, which is backed by the Vatican and
Italy, negotiated the end of the civil war in Mozambique in 1992
during secret negotiations in Rome and has been trying to broker
peace in Central African Republic for months.
    Political crises have regularly rocked the country and
tit-for-tat violence is on the rise again despite last year's
presidential election that was aimed at ending the bloodshed.
    In two weeks in May, fighting between militia groups killed
about 300 people and displaced 100,000, the worst bout of
displacements since 2013. [nL8N1IR4M6] Around 2.2 million
people, about half the population, need humanitarian assistance,
according to the United Nations. [nL8N1HL1XO].
    A local radio station said on Monday that as recently as
this weekend attacks had been carried out in Yalinga in the
country's diamond-rich east. Reuters could not immediately
verify the information.
    Some expressed scepticism that the deal would hold.
    "They signed this document in the context of serious
violence that is continuing in the east of the country," said
Lewis Mudge, African Researcher at Human Rights Watch.
    "To me, it reads like a first step".
    Philippe Barga, a 40-year-old mason in Bangui, complained
that rebel leaders had not kept their word in the past.
    "It is those who sign them who don't respect them. I don't
believe in this deal," he told Reuters.
    The five-page accord, which was signed for the government by
Foreign Minister Charles Armel Doubane, calls for the free
movement of non-governmental organisations.
    The armed militia that did not attend the Rome meetings was
one of the smaller ones, the "Retour Reclamation et
Rehabilitation" or 3R, Sant' Egidio negotiators said.
    They added that its absence was due to logistical problems
and that the other signatories were confident that they would be
able to convince the group to join the pact.

 (Additional reporting by Crispin Dembassa-Kette in Bangui and
Joe Bavier in Abidjan; Editing by James Dalgleish)
 ((crispian.balmer@thomsonreuters.com; +390685224351; Reuters
Messaging: crispian.balmer.reuters.com@reuters.net))


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